As a service to our readers, Harvard Health Publishing provides access to our library of archived content. Abnormal levels of this substance may indicate liver or kidney disease. arrhythmia: An abnormal heart rhythm caused by a disturbance in the heart's electrical system. Medicaid is a state-run program offering low-cost or free custodial and medical services to those with low incomes who qualify. autoantibodies: Proteins created by the immune system that mistakenly target healthy cells, tissues, or organs. chronic pain syndrome: Long-term, severe pain that doesn't spring from an injury or illness, that interferes with daily life, and is often accompanied by other problems, such as depression, irritability, and anxiety. aneurysm: A bulge or swelling on a portion of a blood vessel, due to weakness in the wall of that vessel. This therapy is used to treat pain and various health problems and to reduce stress. analytic variability: Differences in how a test is done, for example how a sample is prepared, which can affect test outcomes. allergic: Having a sensitivity to one or more normally harmless substances. This is a list of roots, suffixes, and prefixes used in medical terminology, their meanings, and their etymologies.Most of them are combining forms in New Latin and hence international scientific vocabulary.There are a few general rules about how they combine. Long-Term Care Services Services that include medical and non-medical care for people with a chronic illness or disability. carcinoma: A cancerous tumor that develops in the tissue that lines the organs of the body (the epithelium). cholinergic neuron: A nerve cell that produces acetylcholine. This tissue lines organs and structures in the body, protecting or enclosing them. carcinogen: Any substance that can cause cancer. colostomy: Surgery that brings one end of the large intestine out through an opening in the abdomen for elimination of stool. bursitis: Pain and swelling of the bursa, the small fluid filled pads that act as cushions in or near the joints. Congestive heart failure referred specifically to the type of heart failure associated with the accumulation of excess fluid in the lungs or extremities. A broad panel of screening tests that examine different parts of the blood and can be used to diagnose anemia, infection, and many other diseases. coma: Deep unconsciousness where the person is alive but unable to move or respond. Unauthorized or improper use of this system may result in administrative disciplinary action and/or civil and criminal penalties. 9. The carotid arteries supply blood to the brain. If it's hard, it's a … capillaries: The body's smallest blood vessels; they deliver oxygen and nutrients to tissues. controllers: Asthma medications taken daily to prevent or control symptoms. antiseptic: Substances used on wounds to prevent or treat infection; they kill or slow the growth of disease-causing organisms, such as bacteria, on the surface of the body. Circle of Willis: A circle of arteries at the base of the brain, connecting major brain arteries and supplying blood to all parts of the brain. If you subscribe to any of our print newsletters and have never activated your online account, please activate your account below for online access. cerumen: A substance that helps keep dirt out of the ear and lubricates the skin in the ear. acetaldehyde: The main breakdown product of alcohol metabolism; accumulation of it in the bloodstream may produce flushing (a feeling of heat in the face or chest) and vomiting. It works to help balance movement and ward off injury. A major part of the electrical system in the heart that acts as a gateway between the atria and the ventricles. Common Medical Root Words. annulus fibrosus: The tough outer covering of the discs in the spine. The right atrium receives deoxygenated blood from the body; the left atrium receives oxygenated blood from the lungs. Doctors sometimes test creatinine levels to examine kidney function. cardiopulmonary bypass: The use of a machine (heart/lung machine) to circulate and oxygenate the blood while surgery is performed on the heart. An influential government committee has recommended that healthcare workers and people who reside in long-term care facilities get the first doses of COVID-19 vaccines when they become available. In a statement Monday, the . amygdala: Part of the brain involved in memory and emotion. bunionette: A small, painful bony bump that forms on the outside of the foot, at the base of the small toe. refers to a lung disease that is otherwise known as silicosis. classic migraine: A migraine headache preceded by visual disturbances; also known as a migraine with aura. atherosclerotic plaque: A mixture of fats, cholesterol, and other tissue that builds up on artery walls. conjugate vaccine: A type of vaccine made by attaching an antigen (a substance that the body deems harmful) to a protein. Botox: Brand name for a drug made of botulinum toxin type A that is injected into muscles and weakens them to ease the appearance of wrinkles. biomarker: A distinctive biological indicator of an event, process, or condition. Find definitions for medical terms with the online dictionary at WebMD. Corn. Online Medical Dictionary and glossary with medical definitions, l listing. Should I worry about a sudden swollen tongue? coronary artery bypass surgery: Surgery to improve blood flow to the heart by diverting blood around a blocked coronary artery. Currently, doctors know … control group: A group of people in a medical study who receive either no treatment or the standard treatment, which is compared against a group who receive the treatment being studied. Please note: If you have a promotional code you'll be prompted to enter it prior to confirming your order. cilia: Small, hairlike structures on the surface of some cells. bolus: A soft mass of chewed food. BMI = weight (in kilograms) divided by height (in meters) squared. androgen-independent prostate cancer: Prostate cancer that no longer responds to hormone therapy. An influential government committee has recommended that healthcare workers and people who reside in long-term care facilities get the first doses of COVID-19 vaccines when they become available. catastrophic reaction: A strong emotional reaction to a minor event. asthma: A disease that inflames and narrows airways, causing wheezing, shortness of breath, coughing, and tightness in the chest. atria: The upper chambers of the heart. conjunctiva: The clear, thin membrane that covers the inside of the eyelid and the white part of the eyeball. Some bacteria cause disease, although most are harmless. cardioplegia: Temporarily stopping the heart during heart surgery. crepitus: Grating, grinding, or popping sound or feeling made when a joint is moved. blepharoplasty: Cosmetic surgery to improve the appearance of droopy eyelids by removing excess skin and fat. Changes include faster heartbeat, more rapid breathing, greater energy, and higher blood pressure. ... She is the medical … A healthy BMI is defined as 18.5 to 24.9. antiemetic: A drug that prevents nausea and vomiting. Androgens, the family of male sex hormones that includes testosterone, function as a fuel for growth in normal development. anaerobic: Any process that doesn't require oxygen. Also called C-1. Currently, doctors know … A surgeon inserts and inflates a tiny balloon. Use our personalized flashcard system to review medical terminology. autopsy: Surgically opening and examining a body after death to see if any diseases are present and to determine the cause of death. aspiration: Breathing in a foreign object. Often used to describe a form of exercise, aerobic exercise. colon: The large intestine; a muscular tube that is 5 to 6 feet long. cytotoxic alopecia: Drug-induced hair loss that occurs some weeks after the start of chemotherapy; hair grows back after cessation of treatment. arthroscopy: A procedure where a surgeon makes a small cut in the skin and inserts tiny lenses, lighting, and other instruments to diagnose or repair joint problems. Amsler grid: A tool used to check for vision problems, particularly macular degeneration. abdominoplasty: A procedure to remove excess abdominal skin and tighten the underlying stomach muscles. biochemical recurrence: Usually used regarding prostate cancer. Alternatively, a single large dose of a medication given intravenously. autoimmune response: When the body's immune system mistakenly views the body's own tissues and organs as foreign invaders and attacks them. anterior myocardial infarction: A heart attack affecting the front of the heart. Most long-term care isn't medical care. Cushing's syndrome: A disorder caused by high levels of the stress-hormone cortisol resulting in damage to the body, including abdominal obesity, rounded red face, and other symptoms. cavity: A hole in the tooth caused by advanced decay. chronic fatigue syndrome: A disorder of ongoing, severe tiredness that interferes with a person's ability to function well, isn't improved with rest, and isn't caused by another illness. blood vessels: Hollow tubes that transport blood throughout the body; includes arteries, veins, and capillaries. This lets the atria fully contract before the ventricles contract. It's important to remember that most people who have COVID-19 recover quickly. atlas: Another name for the topmost vertebra of the neck, which lies just beneath the skull. compact bone: Hard, tightly-packed tissue that forms the outer shell of bones. beta carotene: A richly colored compound (red, yellow, or orange) found in many plants, fruits, and vegetables that the body can convert into vitamin A. beta cells: Cells that make and secrete insulin; located in the islets of Langerhans of the pancreas. Visit Medword Medical Transcription for WAVpedal foot pedal transcriber headsets. An electrical signal generated by the sinoatrial node (the heart's natural pacemaker) moves through the heart until it reaches the atrioventricular node, a cluster of cells at the bottom of the right atrium. curettage: Using a spoon-shaped instrument to remove diseased tissue or sample tissue. albinism: A group of inherited conditions that typically appear as a reduction or absence of melanin pigments in the skin, hair, and eyes. It is generally used for making small incisions in skin and muscle. cardiopulmonary: Pertaining to the heart and lungs. Get health information and advice from the experts at Harvard Medical School. anticoagulants: Drugs that diminish the blood's ability to clot. corticotropin-releasing factor: A hormone made in the brain that triggers the body's fight-or-flight reaction to external threats. benign orgasmic headache: A severe headache that occurs when orgasm is reached. Long-term care facilities offer medical care for a variety of medical conditions and include nursing homes and assisted-living centers. cerebral aneurysm: A weakening and ballooning of the wall of an artery in the brain. Abdomin/o: Abdomen; Aden/o: Gland; Anter/o: Front; Arteri/o: Artery; Audi/o: Hearing; Bio: Life; Brachi/o: Arm; Bronch/i, bronch/o: Bronchus; Carcin/o: Cancer; Cardi/o: Heart; Col/o: Colon What it is Long-term care is a range of services and support for your personal care needs. compression fracture: The collapse of a bone, most often a bone in the spine (vertebra). atrium: One of the two upper chambers of the heart. adult day services: Centers providing daytime services to adults who need supervision, social support, or assistance with daily activities. Alpha blockers are also known as alpha-adrenergic antagonists, alpha-adrenergic blocking agents, and alpha-adrenergic blockers. conductive hearing loss: Hearing loss caused by a blockage in the middle ear that prevents sound waves from reaching the inner ear. astigmatism: Blurry vision caused by an irregular curve in the cornea of the eye. That’s because this disorder simulates the symptoms of … cataract: A clouding or fogging of the lens of the eye that may blur or tint vision. circadian rhythm: The body's biological clock that regulates the sleep/wake cycle and other physiological processes. angiotensin II: The active form of the protein angiotensin, which raises blood pressure by narrowing blood vessels and causing the kidneys to store more sodium and water. cytokines: Proteins in the body that act as messengers between immune system cells. alendronate: A drug used to treat and prevent osteoporosis by slowing bone loss. assisted living: Live-in facilities for adults who need help with certain things, but do not need round-the-clock care. adrenal glands: Glands that sit on top of each kidney and secrete stress hormones. asymptomatic: Showing no signs or symptoms of disease, whether or not disease is present. cyclooxygenase: An enzyme that helps blood cells known as platelets stick to each other, a key step in the formation of a blood clot. amylase: An enzyme secreted by the pancreas that breaks starch into sugar. breast augmentation: Cosmetic surgery to increase the size of the breasts. carbon monoxide: An odorless, colorless gas that is toxic to humans and animals at high levels; it is produced by cars, furnaces, fireplaces, and other equipment powered by combustion. Actinic keratosis may be a precursor to skin cancer. Often occurs on the surface of the skin. androgenetic alopecia: Female- and male-pattern baldness. cementum: The layer of tooth material that covers the root. This tissue is prone to swelling and/or rupture. Medical terminology, phrases . callus: Hardened, thick skin that forms after repeated friction; often found on hands and the bottom of feet. arbovirus: A virus transmitted by mosquitoes or other member of the arthropod phylum. acupuncture: A treatment based on Chinese medicine. active surveillance: A strategy for managing early prostate cancer in which a man has regular checkups but does not undergo treatment until the disease shows signs of worsening. cortisol: One of a class of stress hormones released during the fight-or-flight stress response. beta amyloid: An abnormal protein deposited in the brain in Alzheimer's disease. It is the longest word in the English language published in a dictionary, the Oxford English Dictionary, which defines it as "an artificial long word said to mean a lung disease caused by inhaling very fine ash and sand dust." Search medical terms and abbreviations with the most up-to-date and comprehensive medical dictionary from the reference experts at Merriam-Webster. cation: A positively charged ion; cations in the body include sodium, potassium, and magnesium.

long medical terms

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