[20], Durian flowers are large and feathery with copious nectar, and give off a heavy, sour, and buttery odour. Pulut Durian or ketan durian is glutinous rice steamed with coconut milk and served with ripened durian. [31] Another common variety is "Udang merah", or red shrimp, found in the states of Pahang and Johor. In Malay peninsula and Sumatra, Pangasius catfish can be either cooked as tempoyak ikan patin (fish in tempoyak curry) or as brengkes (pais) tempoyak, which is a steamed fermented durian paste in banana leaf container. Several medical investigations on the validity of this belief have been conducted with varying conclusions,[10] though a study by the University of Tsukuba finds the fruit's high sulphur content inhibits the activity of aldehyde dehydrogenase, causing a 70 percent reduction of the ability to clear toxins from the body. In translations of Linschoten's writings, the fruit is spelled as duryoen. subfamilies Malvoideae and Bombacoideae). ^ The traveller Wallace cites is Linschott (Wallace's spelling for Jan Huyghen van Linschoten), whose name appears repeatedly in Internet searches on durian, with such citations themselves tracing back to Wallace. Durian trees have one or two flowering and fruiting periods per year, although the timing varies depending on the species, cultivars, and localities. A naturally spineless variety of durian growing wild in Davao, Philippines, was discovered in the 1960s; fruits borne from these seeds also lacked spines. Top Papaya Producing Countries India. The durian is cultivated in tropical regions, and stops growing when mean daily temperatures drop below 22 °C (72 °F). [10] Among the thirty known species of Durio, nine of them have been identified as producing edible fruits: D. zibethinus, D. dulcis, D. grandiflorus, D. graveolens, D. kutejensis, Durio lowianus, D. macrantha, D. oxleyanus and D. In 2016 the industrial output totaled $531 billion. [67] The Malay name for the soursop is durian Belanda, meaning Dutch durian. [28][84], The Javanese believe durian to have aphrodisiac qualities, and impose a set of rules on what may or may not be consumed with it or shortly thereafter. It is native to Borneo and Sumatra.[3]. In 1929, J. D. Gimlette wrote in his Malay Poisons and Charm Cures that the durian fruit must not be eaten with brandy. [19] During the early stages of its taxonomical study, there was some confusion between durian and the soursop (Annona muricata), for both of these species had thorny green fruit. These features are typical of flowers pollinated by certain species of bats that eat nectar and pollen. According to Larousse Gastronomique, the durian fruit is ready to eat when its husk begins to crack. [50] The fatty acid composition of durian flesh is particularly rich in oleic acid and palmitic acid. It was called "Durian Botak" ('Bald Durian'). [42] Many consumers in Singapore are nevertheless quite willing to spend up to around S$75 (US$50) on a single purchase of about half a dozen of the favoured fruit to be shared by family members.[23]. The most cultivated species is Durio zibethinus. Adopting the strictest traceability and inspection measures is necessary to ensure fruits meet the highest quality standards, and only farms that meet certain criteria will get the export approval to China, of which currently there are seven companies. The markets of Turkey are full of the huge, sphere limes all around the year. [50] Durian flesh contains diverse polyphenols, especially myricetin, and various carotenoids, including a rich content of beta-carotene. [61] Red-fleshed durian is traditionally added to sayur, an Indonesian soup made from freshwater fish. Tourists from China are visiting the state of Pahang in Malaysia, where the Musang King durian is native to. He said the projection is based on the 2019 Crop Statistics (Food Crop Sub-sector) after the country recorded 72,536ha of durian cultivation and production of 384,170 metric tonnes last year. [10], Prices of durians are relatively high, compared with other fruits. There are 30 recognised Durio species, at least nine of which produce edible fruit, with over 300 named varieties in Thailand and 100 in Malaysia, as of 1987. Nothing gets your attention more than a whiff of the King of Fruits, whose pungent aroma can offend even an adult. The durian fruit can hang from any branch, and matures roughly three months after pollination. Philippine is another one of the top mango producing countries with a production of 825,676 million tons in a single year, 2011 which is world’s 3.6% of total mango production. Annually, 90-95 percent of durians imported into China come from Thailand. [28] On 22 May 2012, two other cultivars from Thailand that also lack the usual odour, Long Laplae and Lin Laplae, were presented to the public by Yothin Samutkhiri, governor of Uttaradit Province from where these cultivars were developed locally, while he announced the dates for the annual durian fair of Laplae District, and the name given to each cultivar. are now considered by some to comprise their own genus, Boschia. Production of Durian is concentrated mainly in Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia. Inside there are five things like elongated oranges, and resembling thick butter, with a combination of flavours. For some people in northern Thailand, the preference is for the fruit to be soft and aromatic. There are 30 recognised Durio species, at least nine of which produce edible fruit, with over 300 named varieties in Thailand and 100 in Malaysia, as of 1987. [69], In Southeast Asia, the durian has been cultivated for centuries at the village level, probably since the late 18th century, and commercially since the mid-20th century. [71], The durian is commonly known as the "king of fruits",[5] a label that can be attributed to its formidable look and overpowering odour. Durian is an acquired taste. Most cultivars have a common name and a code number starting with "D". [23] The edible portion of the fruit, known as the aril and usually referred to as the "flesh" or "pulp", only accounts for about 15–30% of the mass of the entire fruit. [10] The latter belief can be traced back at least to the 18th century when Rumphius stated that one should not drink alcohol after eating durians as it will cause indigestion and bad breath. However, the durian’s distinctive smell has made the fruit a polarising delicacy. Although the durian is not native to Thailand, Thailand is ranked the world's number one exporter of durian, producing around 700,000 tonnes of durian per year, 400,000 tonnes of which are exported to mainland China and Hong Kong. Its shape ranges from oblong to round, the colour of its husk green to brown, and its flesh pale yellow to red, depending on the species. Turkey is the tenth largest producer of the Lemon which is the most vividly consumed citrus fruit of the world. [48] Travel and food writer Richard Sterling says: its odor is best described as pig-excrement, turpentine and onions, garnished with a gym sock. [77] Nevertheless, signs warning people not to linger under durian trees are found in Indonesia. First used around 1580, the name "durian" is derived from the Malay language word dûrî (meaning 'thorn'),[6] a reference to the numerous prickly thorns In the same year, the United States imported 2,000 tonnes, mostly frozen, and the European Community imported 500 tonnes. Different durian varieties from Malaysia, Thailand and Indonesia vary in their carbohydrate content by 16-29%, fat content by 2-5%, protein content by 2-4%, dietary fibre content by 1-4%, and caloric value by 84-185 kcal per 100 grams. Thailand and Malaysia are the top global producers and exporters of durian, with an annual production of 600,000 and 300,000 metric tonnes, respectively. [10], A common local belief is that the durian is harmful when eaten with coffee[44] or alcoholic beverages. Being a fruit much loved by a variety of wild beasts, the durian sometimes signifies the long-forgotten animalistic aspect of humans, as in the legend of Orang Mawas, the Malaysian version of Bigfoot, and Orang Pendek, its Sumatran version, both of which have been claimed to feast on durians.
2020 top durian producing countries