Previously the city of Florence had hosted a meeting of leaders of the Catholic and Orthodox Churches in hopes of bringing about church reunion, and it stimulated Greek studies in the city. A philosopher, astrologer, and translator of the works of Plato, Ficino was best known for advancing the cause of classical education and humanism in Florence. For a brief introduction to his thought, one may turn to Kristeller's Eight Philosophers of the Italian Renaissance (Stanford, Calif., 1964), pp. Bibliography updated by Tamra Frei (2005). Arts and Humanities Through the Eras. Norfolk, VA: International Society for Neoplatonic Studies, 1981. "The Object of Love in the Philosophy of Marsilio Ficino." "Love and Natural Desire in Ficino's Platonic Theology." For discussions of Ficino's philosophy, see Giuseppe Saitta, La filosofia di Marsilio Ficino (Messina: Principato, 1923; 3rd ed., Bologna: Fiammenghi and Nanni, 1954); Sears R. Jayne, John Colet and Marsilio Ficino (London: Oxford University Press, 1963); Paul O. Kristeller, II pensiero filosofico di Marsilio Ficino (Florence: Sansoni, 1953), translated by Virginia Conant as The Philosophy of Marsilio Ficino (New York: Columbia University Press, 1943)—the Italian edition is superior because of its additional indexes and original text quotations. Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. . Posts about Marsilo Ficino written by P. James Clark. Cosimo de’ Medici the Elder sponsored a Platonic Academy here, with philosopher Marsilio Ficino leading the way. Situated at the Medici villa at Careggi, outside Florence, the academy with its endowment of Greek manuscripts became one of the foremost intellectual centres of Europe. He believed that it is the task of Platonic reason to confirm and support Christian faith and authority, and he even considered it his own mission, assigned to him by divine providence, to revive true philosophy for the benefit of true religion. In this literature the concept of Platonic love was separated from the philosophical context in which it had originated with Ficino, and so it became more and more diluted and trivial. His influence appears in the works of such leading philosophers as Francesco Patrizi and Giordano Bruno: Even thinkers who opposed his views, such as Pietro Pomponazzi, were impressed with his learning and acumen. The Italian philosopher and humanist Marsilio Ficino (1433-1499) influenced Renaissance thought through his translation and explication of the works of Plato. 2 v. in 4, Turin 1959); Supplementum Ficinianum, ed. The church through dogma and sacrament keeps its people in touch with the spiritual world. (October 17, 2020). For this reason, the notion of Platonic love has acquired a slightly ridiculous connotation for the modern reader. That movement had discussed issues of good government and public involvement. Encyclopedia.com. Trans. Marsilio Ficino The most important of the Renaissance Neo-Platonists was Marsilio Ficino, who developed original and highly influential ideas from Plato and Neoplatonism. But in the Renaissance, Ficino was responsible for fostering the dissemination of several ideas that became important in the sixteenth-century intellectual world. Ficino led a busy life outside of his scholarship. The basic point is that he regarded love for another human being as merely a preparation, more or less conscious, for the love of God, which constitutes the real goal and true content of human desire and which is turned toward persons and things by virtue of the reflected splendor of divine goodness and beauty that may appear in them. Marsilio Ficino: Know Thyself. His versions of both Plato and Plotinus remained in general use until the 18th century. He considered Aristotelian scholasticism to have degenerated into a series of antireligious philosophies, and envisioned the revived Platonism as a safeguard against this tendency. Kristeller, Paul "Ficino, Marsilio (1433–1499) The highest form of love, Platonic love, moves the true lover to love another for the sake of God. Ficino's great insight was that by linking the numbers so closely to music it was possible to lend them an added significance that we would fail to perceive in the numbers alone. Arts and Humanities Through the Eras. In France, he was repeatedly quoted and plagiarized by Symphorien Champier, and admired in the circles of Queen Marguerite of Navarre and of the Pléïade. Photograph: Public Domain Knowledge and reverence of oneself are best of all “Man is an earthly star enveloped in a cloud; but a star is a heavenly man.” FOR THOSE OF us languishing under the weight of Weltschmerz whilst awaiting liberation from lockdown, the unprecedented opportunity has arisen to take stock of our … If it is our basic task to ascend, through a series of degrees, to the immediate vision and enjoyment of God, we must postulate that this ultimate goal will be attained, not merely by a few persons and for a short while but by a great number of human beings and forever. SCHMITT, C. B. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. (Turin, 1959), and Supplementum Ficinianum, 2 vols., edited by Paul O. Kristeller (Florence, 1937). "The Absent Angel in Ficino's Philosophy." The son of a physician, he showed great ability and was taken under the guidance of Cosimo de' Medici. The term Platonic love means love as described by Plato, according to Ficino's interpretation; more frequently, he spoke of it as divine love. Binding with some soiling and inner front hinge opening. This knowledge of God represents the ultimate goal of human life and existence—in it alone the unrest of our mind is satisfied—and all other modes and degrees of human life and knowledge must be understood as more or less direct and conscious preparations for this end. By 1469, Ficino had largely completed his Platonic translation, and he began an ambitious new project. Having earlier taken minor orders, Ficino was ordained in 1473; he held several ecclesiastic benefices and became a canon of Florence Cathedral in 1487. Marsilio Ficino, the founder of the Florentine Academy, was born the eldest son of a physician in Figline, near Florence. It appears from a famous passage twice repeated in Ficino's writings that, in direct contrast with the teachings of the Aristotelian philosophers of his time, he considered this doctrine the central tenet of his Platonism. Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Spitz, Lewis "Ficino, Marsilio His father was a prominent physician, and when the family settled in Florence, he joined the court of Cosimo dei Medici. Seeing a parallel in the Platonic and Christian concept of love, he explained in his commentary on the Symposium that the highest form of human love and friendship is a communion based ultimately on the soul’s love for God. Ficino was ordained in 1473 and a year later wrote De christiana religione (printed Florence, 1476). He was distracted from medicine by developing a strong interest in Plato, and in 1456, Cosimo provided him support to learn Greek. Allen, Michael J. Encyclopedia.com. Ficino was not satisfied with a static hierarchy in which each degree merely stands beside the others and in which the relationship of degrees consists only in a continuous gradation of attributes. ." Encyclopedia.com. Field, The Origins of the Platonic Academy of Florence (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1988). Ficino was a leading thinker of the Neoplatonic school, and believed in reconciling the ideas of Plato and the classical pagan world's concept of the soul with the teachings of Christianity. Request full-text PDF. He identified a wisdom that began with the ancient Egyptians, Persians, and other Near Eastern religions and which culminated in the ideas of the Greek and Roman philosophers. Above all, quality did not constitute a separate level of being for Plotinus, who instead assigned separate places to the sensitive and vegetative faculties of the soul. Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Journal of the History of Ideas 30 (1969): 161–170. For this reason, he revived the Neoplatonic doctrine of the world soul and made astrology part of a natural system of mutual influences. ." The way of ascent to the eternal One moves from bodies, through qualities, souls, and heavenly intelligences, with humanity at the center of this great chain of being, for humans are bound to the world of matter by their bodies and linked to the realm of the spirit by their souls. The myth behind the painting "The Ficinian Timaeus and Renaissance Science." A major concern for Ficino was the immortality of the individual human soul, which Aristotle had denied and on which not all the scholastic theologians had agreed. 17 Oct. 2020 . Ficino had barely started translating Plato's dialogues, when Cosimo asked him to turn to translating a Greek manuscript that one of his agents had acquired in Greece. Ficino’s words and actions convinced leaders of that time to treat the individual human life with dignity and respect because the human soul was an expression of the divine. While the precise details of his early life and education remain largely unclear to us today, it can safely be said that he studied Scholastic philosophy and medicine at the University of Florence, and that he was exposed to the burgeoning educational movement of Italian Humanism.
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