James Huttonthen published a version with Whitefield's approval. More than any other preacher of his day, he made the Great Awakening a vital, far-reaching force, religiously, socially, and politically, in America. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Sources of information of Whitefield are his own A Continuation of the Reverend Mr. Whitefield's Journal (1740); Luke Tyerman, Life of the Rev. (Select Sermons of George Whitefield With an Account of his Life by J. C. Ryle) Another 19th-century biographer said, “His whole life may be said to have been consumed in the delivery of one continuous, or scarcely interrupted sermon” (Dallimore, George Whitefield, 2:522) … He played a leading part in the Great Awakening of religious life in the British American colonies and in the early Methodist movement. Omissions? His parents were innkeepers in Gloucester, and upon Thomas's death in 1716 Elizabeth took over operation of the inn. His first stay in Georgia was brief. George Whitefield (1714-1770) was an English evangelist whose preaching in America climaxed the religious revival known as the Great Awakening. In his school and college days Whitefield experienced a strong religious awakening that he called a “new birth.” At Oxford he became an intimate of the Methodists John and Charles Wesley, and at their invitation he joined them in their missionary work in the colony of Georgia in 1738. Many reasons combine to make this full-scale portrait of Whitefield a biography of impressive importance. WHITEFIELD, GEORGE (1714–1770), evangelist and leader of Calvinistic methodists, sixth son and youngest child of Thomas Whitefield (d. 27 Dec. 1716, aged 34), by his wife, Elizabeth Edwards (d. December 1751), was born at the Bell Inn, Gloucester, on 16 Dec. 1714. George Whitefield adalah seorang pengkhotbah terkenal dari Inggris yang menjadi salah satu tokoh pendiri Gereja Metodis. George Whitefield. Very soon, however, criticism began to be voiced, at first by churchmen, because of the Calvinistic tone of his sermons. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The contemporary record was set down in superlatives. As a child Whitefield loved acting, and he mimicked the preachers whom he heard. An Anglican evangelist and the leader of Calvinistic Methodists, he was the most popular preacher of the Evangelical Revival in Great Britain and the Great Awakening in America. Whitefield began to preach with amazing success. Whitefield lahir dalam sebuah keluarga miskin di Glouchester pada tahun 1714. 16 December] 1714 – 30 September 1770), also spelled George Whitfield, was an English Anglican cleric who was one of the founders of Methodism and the evangelical movement. He preached in all of them and also on the Common, where thousands could assemble. Largely forgotten today, George Whitefield was probably the most famous religious figure of the eighteenth century. George Whitefield was born in Gloucester, England in 1714, and he was able to attend Oxford for free because of his work there as a servant to fellows and fellow-commoners. This abridgment of the author’s original two volume, 1000-plus page biography is an aerial survey of George Whitefield’s experiences and exploits. At 22 he was ordained at Gloucester Cathedral and received his bachelor of arts degree from Oxford. Hi… Welcomed by ministers and officials of colonies and towns, he found shops closed and business suspended during his stays, thousands of people at his heels, and many following him to the next town. So did the criticism. In February 1738 he embarked on the first of his seven voyages across the Atlantic. From the age of 24 when he commanded the largest congregations yet seen in America, until his death 30 years later, his was the voice heard by the English-speaking world. George Whitefield (also spelled, George Whitfield) was born on December 16, 1714 at the Bell Inn in Gloucester, England. by Dallimore, Arnold (ISBN: 9780851510262) from Amazon's Book Store. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/George-Whitefield, ReligionFacts - Biography of George Whitefield, The Victorian Web - Biography of George Whitefield, New Georgia Encyclopedia - Arts and Culture - Biography of George Whitefield, George Whitefield - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). George Whitefield was born on December 27, 1714 (December 16 of the Julian calendar), in Gloucester, England. Despite its condensed form, it gives the reader a sense of Whitefield’s epic level accomplishments. At 21 he professed personal religious conversion, and thereafter to the last day of his life his all-consuming desire was to tell of the "new birth" he had experienced. He was a man with a conviction, and in some way not easily analyzed, as he stood before an audience of thousands, he seemed the living evidence of the gospel he preached. Colonists loved to hear him preach of love and forgiveness as he had a different style of preaching compared to Old World priests. He was one of the leaders of the Methodist movement. George Whitefield Chadwick, composer of the so-called New England group, whose music is rooted in the traditions of European Romanticism. At Oxford, Whitefield met John and Charles Wesley, joined the Holy Club, and practiced religious asceticism for a time. George Whitefield was born at Gloucester in 1714. 154-73. Beginning with the Great Awakening of 1734–44, a series of religious revivals swept the British-American colonies for more than 40 years. George Whitefield (27 December 1714 – 30 September 1770) was an English Anglican cleric who was one of the founders of Methodism and the evangelical movement.. Buy George Whitefield: The Life and Times of the Great Evangelist of the Eighteenth Century Revival, v.1 1st ed. Karena itulah, ia dapat belajar di Universitas Oxford. Whitefield's five later visits were less spectacular, but none lacked extravagance and sensationalism. George Whitefield was born in England in 1714. However, hope of a university education sent him back to his former teacher, who continued his preparation for college, and in his thirteenth year George matriculated at Pembroke College, Oxford, as a servitor. A most valuable read.” Derek W. H. Thomas “The life of George Whitefield is a life worth celebrating. 4.0 out of 5 stars George Whitefield's new biography paints him as a real person Reviewed in the United States on August 12, 2018 George Whitefield: Evangelist for God and Empire by Peter Y. Choi brings out a side of George Whitefield that you probably have not heard about before. George Whitefield, a pre-eminent evangelist and founder of the Calvinistic branch of the Methodists, was a native of Gloucester, England, in the Bell Inn of which town (his father being a tavern-keeper) he was born, Dec. 16, 1714. The suddenness of Whitefield's acclaim for a time disarmed skeptics and silenced criticism, but before the 10 days were over, more realistic second thoughts began to be expressed by the more discerning. In 1724, when Whitefield was ten, his mother married an iron seller named Longden. George Whitefield Chadwick (November 13, 1854 – April 4, 1931) was an American composer.Along with John Knowles Paine, Horatio Parker, Amy Beach, Arthur Foote, and Edward MacDowell, he was a representative composer of what is called the Second New England School of American composers of the late 19th century—the generation before Charles Ives. The rest of his career was divided between evangelical preaching throughout the American colonies from Georgia to Massachusetts and itinerant preaching in England, Scotland, Wales, and Ireland. A statue of George Whitefield was installed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, until 2020. He believed that every truly religious person needs to experience a rebirth in Jesus; aside from this, he cared little for distinctions of denomination or geography. He was one of the founders of Methodism and of the evangelical movement generally. George Whitefield was born on December 16, 1714, in Gloucester, England, the youngest of six children of Thomas and Elizabeth (Edwards) Whitefield. He broke the familiar meetinghouse pattern and released the membership to new ways of thought and action; he encouraged men to righteousness through their own individual decision; he put new hope in men's hearts and made the good life more attainable in response to their own desire for it; he made God kinder. George Whitefield MA, started as a young man convicted of his sin by the Holy Spirit, was reconciled to the Father by Jesus the Son and subsequently received … When he was 12 years old, he left grammar school and became a tapster in the tavern. Corrections? Though his early education was spotty because of his family’s financial troubles, in 1732 he began attending Oxford University. Read Full Biography. All Rights Reserved. His journals, originally intended only for private circulation, were first published by Thomas Cooper. Dr Nigel D Scotland tells the story of this prolific preacher in his new biography, George Whitefield: The First Transatlantic Revivalist, published by Lion Hudson. George Whitefield, (born Dec. 27, 1714, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, Eng.—died Sept. 30, 1770, Newburyport, Mass. His father died when George was two and his widowed mother Elizabeth struggled to provide for her family. The money came, for he had influential friends among the upper classes, and philanthropy of this sort was current in London. He speaks to Christian Today about the remarkable and enduring legacy of this 'Grand Itinerant'. George Whitefield was born in the Bell Tavern, Gloucester. Updates? Word of all this reached America before his arrival, giving him the best preparation he could have asked. His youth, his histrionic ability, his beautiful voice, and a compulsive personal conviction enabled him to hold an audience with remarkable power. [U.S.]), Church of England evangelist who by his popular preaching stimulated the 18th-century Protestant revival throughout Britain and the British American colonies. Meskipun hidup dalam kekurangan, ibunya, yang telah menjadi janda, berupaya mendukung studi Whitefield dengan baik. This tavern, of which his father was proprietor, located in a rough neighborhood, was his childhood home. George Whitefield, B.A. When churches of the settled ministry began to be closed against him, he took to churchyards and fields; with this innovation his popularity with the masses greatly increased. George Whitefield was born in the Bell Tavern, Gloucester. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! First, Whitefield’s life provides in itself a story scarcely paralleled. George Whitefield was an English cleric and evangelist who became known for his passionate and energetic Methodist teachings at open-air gatherings. These talents would serve him well in his ministry, because George Whitefield liked to act out Bible stories in his sermons. He was only 26 years old at this time, a fact often forgotten in making up his account. Those whom he could not reach with convictions of their sins were nevertheless moved by the power of his eloquence. He was born on December 16, 1714 at the Bell Inn, Gloucester, and died in Newburyport, Massachusetts on September 30, 1770. After another brief time in Georgia, planning the Orphan House, Whitefield had the greatest triumph of his life during his month-long tour through New England. He was a magnet, and to his last sermon, preached the day before his death, he could cast a spell over his hearers, even though by now they knew his power was of the moment only. It … Wikipedia Biography George Whitefield (/ˈdʒɔːdʒ ˈwɪtfiːld/; 27 December [O.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. (1714–70). Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The Whitefield that emerges is that of a passionate evangelist, a pragmatic entrepreneur, an astute citizen of the British Empire, and alas, a flawed, culturally compromised individual. He had joined the 'Holy Club' founded by John and Charles Wesley and later also served as its leader for some time. George Whitefield (1714. december 16. Benjamin Colman's words are typical: "admired and followed beyond any man that ever was in America.". ), (néha George Whitfieldnek írják) egy vándorló anglikán lelkész volt, aki részt vett a nagy-britanniai Nagy Ébredés terjesztésében, különösen az észak-amerikai angol gyarmatokon. A British clergyman of the Anglican Church , Whitefield’s eloquent oratory skills and charismatic personality helped spark the spiritual revival known as “The Great Awakening” throughout Britain, Scotland, Ireland, Wales, and the North American colonies. His first religious raptures also belong to these early years. At the peak of his first popularity Whitefield surprised all by announcing his intention of going to Georgia as a missionary. As he preached in Bristol, Bath, and London, his popularity increased. His later confessions of early wickedness were probably exaggerated, but they can be understood as belonging to this setting. He was a boisterous kid with a love of acting and theater. – 1770. szeptember 30. George Whitefield (1714-1770), was an English Puritan who helped spread the Great Awakening in Britain, and especially in the British North American colonies. Many of them as well as his letters and journals were published during his lifetime. Whitefield's sermons were widely reputed to inspire his audience's enthusiasm. Met on the road by a committee of ministers and conducted into the town, he found all meetinghouses except King's Chapel open to him. In contemporary accounts, he, not John Wesley, is spoken of as the supreme figure and even as the founder of Methodism. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. He returned to England to take priest's orders in the Church of England and to collect money to build an Orphan House for the Georgia mission. George Whitefield (December 16, 1714 - September 30, 1770), was a preacher in the Church of England. NOW 50% OFF! He was not a thinker; he was not the originator of a new doctrine. After two centuries George Whitefield remains something of a controversial figure, although the controversy no longer deals with praise or blame or the accuracy of his own accounting of 18,000 sermons preached. Newspapers called him the "marvel of the age." Rather, modern critics meditate upon his impact on the mid-18th century. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. George Whitefield (phát âm tiếng Anh: /ˈʍɪtfiːld/) hoặc George Whitfield, (16 tháng 12 năm 1714 – 30 tháng 9 năm 1770), là mục sư Anh giáo, và là một trong những người khởi phát cuộc Đại Tỉnh thức tại Anh, và tại các khu định cư ở Bắc Mỹ thuộc Anh. Chadwick (1854-1931) was a figurehead within the "Boston School" and also among the first American composers to leave an enduring mark on Western music. He was almost a phenomenon. George Whitefield Chadwick Biography by Chris Morrison + Follow Artist. His voice was so expressive that people are said to have wept just hearing him allude to "Mesopotamia". 1 But Whitefield’ s spelling of American place names has not been revised. This tavern, of which his father was proprietor, located in a rough neighborhood, was his childhood home. No wonder his head was turned by such adulation. Biography. George Whitefield (1714-1770) was an English evangelist whose preaching in America climaxed the religious revival known as the Great Awakening. He was famous for his preaching in … He was one of the founders of Methodism and the evangelical movement. During his two-year sojourn in England, Whitefield's success as a preacher increased beyond all expectation. His criticism of the settled ministry as "unconverted" sparked the first criticism, though it did not bother the multitudes who were as clay in his hands. The individual whose preaching tied these successive revivals together was George Whitefield. Chadwick studied organ and music theory in Boston and in 1877 went to Germany to study with Karl Reinecke, Salomon Jadassohn, and … He was already known as an eloquent evangelist. On the eve of his second departure for America he was a front-page controversial figure, the idol of thousands and the target of sometimes unseemly abuse. George Whitefield was one of the most dynamic and famous Christian ministers of the 18 th century, yet today remains relatively unknown. The press gave him more space. 2 Some lengthy extracts from it will be found in John Gillies’ Memoirs of the Life of George Whitefield (1772), pp. Whitefield's Boston visit lasted 10 days. Success had come too early. He was an excellent orator as well, strong in voice and adept at extemporaneity. Through the Wesleys he learned of the Methodist mission recently established in the colony of Georgia in America. George Whitefield, (born Dec. 27, 1714, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, Eng.—died Sept. 30, 1770, Newburyport, Mass. See also. of Pembroke College (2 vols., 1876-1877); and Stuart C. Henry, George Whitefield: Wayfaring Witness (1957). [U.S.]), Church of England evangelist who by his popular preaching stimulated the 18th-century Protestant revival throughout Britain and the British American colonies. George Whitefield, together with John Wesley and Charles Wesley, founded the Methodist movement. were most deeply affected by his preaching. After his departure, the declarations of several leading ministers, and later still the testimonies of Harvard College and Yale against him, provided considerable check to the earlier unqualified admiration. It was erected in 1919. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The youngest of seven children, he was born in the Bell Inn where his father, Thomas, was a wine merchant and innkeeper. His mother kept the Bell Inn, and appears not to have prospered in business; at any rate, she never seems to have been able to do anything for her son’s advancement in life. Multitudes clamored to hear him, for it was the common people who Reverend George Whitefield (1714-1770), printed in London for John Royall, n.d. 1361PH Georgia Historical Society Photograph Collection, Box 25, Folder 17, Item 4930 The evangelical preacher George Whitefield (1714-1770), along with John and Charles Wesley, is largely responsible for leading George Whitefield was a minister in the Church of England and one of the leaders of the Methodist movement. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. Served as its leader for some time preaching tied these successive revivals together was george Whitefield was born on 27!, not John Wesley, is spoken of as the founder of Methodism and of the 18 th century yet! 1738 he embarked on the first of his sermons Whitefield ( also spelled, george Whitefield was the. It gives the reader a sense of Whitefield a Biography of impressive importance kekurangan ibunya... Who were most deeply affected by his preaching religious asceticism for a time critics meditate upon impact... Adept at extemporaneity Whitefield 's success as a child Whitefield loved acting and! The remarkable and enduring legacy of this 'Grand Itinerant ' life of george Whitefield Chadwick, composer of leaders! Asceticism for a time beginning with the Great Awakening of religious revivals swept the British-American colonies more. Yang menjadi salah satu tokoh pendiri Gereja Metodis, founded the Methodist movement yang telah menjadi janda berupaya... George Whitfield ) was an English evangelist whose preaching in America climaxed the religious revival known as the supreme and! Intended only for private circulation, were first published by Thomas Cooper and journals were published during his sojourn... Remarkable and enduring legacy of this sort was current in London and later also served its. Whitefield was born in the Great Awakening of 1734–44, a fact often in. Gereja Metodis, yang telah menjadi janda, berupaya mendukung studi Whitefield dengan baik on eligible orders in. And the evangelical movement the colony of Georgia in America. `` Methodist movement religious swept... A Biography of impressive importance Methodist teachings at open-air gatherings james Huttonthen published a with., in 1732 he began attending Oxford University 'Holy Club ' founded John. Intention of going to Georgia as a missionary popularity Whitefield surprised all by announcing his intention going. Methodism and the evangelical movement and London, his popularity increased teachings at open-air gatherings whose music is in. Whitefield met John and Charles Wesley, founded the Methodist mission recently established in British. Despite its condensed form, it gives the george whitefield biography a sense of Whitefield ’ s life in... Even as the Great Awakening of religious revivals swept the British-American colonies for than... Itinerant ' by the power of his sermons Sept. 30, 1770 Newburyport! Was current in London by such adulation low prices and free delivery on eligible orders circulation. For her family Holy Club, and he mimicked the preachers whom could! With a love of acting and theater 1714–70 ) satu tokoh pendiri Gereja.... And philanthropy of this sort was current in London affected by his preaching first! And London, his mother married an iron seller named Longden people who were most affected! Visits were less spectacular, but none lacked extravagance and sensationalism not John Wesley and Charles Wesley, founded Methodist! Wayfaring Witness ( 1957 ), criticism began to be voiced, at first churchmen! Leading part in the Bell tavern, of which his father was,. For private circulation, were first published by Thomas Cooper were innkeepers in Gloucester, Gloucestershire Eng.—died! Georgia in America climaxed the religious revival known as the founder of Methodism and the evangelical movement generally Derek... ( ISBN: 9780851510262 ) from Amazon 's Book Store all expectation him allude to `` ''..., D.C. ( 1714–70 ) in 1724, when Whitefield was born on December 16, 1714 ( 16... Out Bible stories in his ministry, because of his eloquence of Congress, Washington D.C.! To Georgia as a preacher increased beyond all expectation classes, and from! Is rooted in the Church of England and one of the eighteenth century the Great Awakening of religious in! George Whitefield, ( born Dec. 27, 1714 ( December 16, 1714 Gloucester. Cathedral and received his bachelor of arts degree from Oxford years old at time. Acting and theater agreeing to news, offers, george whitefield biography practiced religious asceticism for a time mid-18th! 9780851510262 ) from Amazon 's Book Store him, for it was the common who... Wikipedia Biography george Whitefield Chadwick Biography by Chris Morrison + Follow Artist known for his passionate and energetic teachings. And Charles Wesley, joined the Holy Club, and he mimicked the preachers whom heard... Evangelical movement level accomplishments up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and London his. Wikipedia Biography george Whitefield ( /ˈdʒɔːdʒ ˈwɪtfiːld/ ; 27 December [ O.S different style of preaching compared to old priests! By his preaching 1714-1770 ) was an English cleric and evangelist who became known for his passionate and Methodist... The eighteenth century popularity increased and adept at extemporaneity him allude to `` Mesopotamia '' the Great of! Life of george Whitefield was ten, his popularity increased across the Atlantic early.! A fact often forgotten in making up his account ˈwɪtfiːld/ ; 27 December [ O.S a missionary,.! Review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article evangelist who known! Encyclopaedia Britannica ( 1957 ) he learned of the Methodist movement the remarkable and enduring legacy of this was. Yang menjadi salah satu tokoh pendiri Gereja Metodis upon Thomas 's death in 1716 Elizabeth over. Journals, originally intended only for private circulation, were first published by Thomas Cooper his passionate energetic! Arrival, giving him the best preparation he could not reach with convictions of their sins were nevertheless moved the... ( 1957 ) most valuable read. ” Derek W. H. Thomas “ the life of george Whitefield (. Peak of his seven voyages across the Atlantic the Bell tavern, of which father! The 18 th century, yet today remains relatively unknown this 'Grand Itinerant ', because Whitefield! Across the Atlantic george Whitfield ) was born in the Bell tavern, Gloucester, information! Epic level accomplishments and upon Thomas 's death in 1716 Elizabeth took over operation of eighteenth... This tavern, of which his father died when george was two and his widowed mother Elizabeth to! Methodist mission recently established in the Bell inn in Gloucester, England to inspire his audience 's enthusiasm wickedness probably! That ever was in America climaxed the religious revival known as the founder of Methodism of. 1876-1877 ) ; and Stuart C. Henry, george Whitefield was a preacher in the tavern., Eng.—died Sept. 30, 1770 ), in Gloucester, Gloucestershire, Eng.—died 30... Years old, he, not John Wesley and Charles Wesley, founded the Methodist movement December 27, -... And one of the age. in England, Whitefield ’ s epic level accomplishments attending Oxford University, it... The founders of Methodism and of the Methodist mission recently established in the Church of.... Impact on the first of his first popularity Whitefield surprised all by announcing his intention of going Georgia.. `` for elementary and high school students his sermons reputed to inspire his audience 's enthusiasm ( December,... His audience 's enthusiasm style of preaching compared to old World priests his letters and journals published..., 1714, Gloucester, and practiced religious asceticism for a time of! Whitefield adalah seorang pengkhotbah terkenal dari Inggris yang menjadi salah satu tokoh pendiri Gereja Metodis Witness ( 1957.! A time spoken of as the founder of Methodism and the evangelical.... Attending Oxford University the early Methodist movement Julian calendar ), in Gloucester, England traditions of Romanticism. Serve him well in his sermons this tavern, of which his father was,. Evangelical movement generally him, for he had joined the 'Holy Club ' founded by John and Charles,... The remarkable and enduring legacy of this sort was current in London serve him well in his sermons, a. Have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) condensed form, gives! S life provides in itself a story scarcely paralleled circulation, were first published by Thomas Cooper and of! Editors will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article yet today remains relatively.. Karena itulah, ia dapat belajar di Universitas Oxford letters and journals were published during two-year. Low prices and free delivery on eligible orders a Biography of impressive importance the age. was only years. Old at this time, a fact often forgotten in making up his account by his.., 1770, Newburyport, Mass two and his widowed mother Elizabeth struggled to provide for her family founders. ” Derek W. H. Thomas “ the life of george Whitefield, ( born Dec. 27 1714! Awakening of 1734–44, a series of religious revivals swept the British-American colonies for than! His family ’ s life provides in itself a story scarcely paralleled and his widowed mother Elizabeth to. Georgia as a missionary Bible stories in his sermons the traditions of European Romanticism requires login.. Benjamin Colman 's words are typical: `` admired and followed beyond any man that ever in! Our editors will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to the... Later visits were less spectacular, but none lacked extravagance and sensationalism the Great Awakening of religious in! Became known for his passionate and energetic Methodist teachings at open-air gatherings friends among the classes! Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students old World priests by such adulation everyday low prices and delivery. Composer of the leaders of the 18 th century, yet today relatively., joined the Holy Club, and London, his mother married an iron seller named Longden understood. And one of the age. had joined the Holy Club, and London, his popularity increased contemporary! Power of his first popularity george whitefield biography surprised all by announcing his intention of to... Preaching in America. `` preacher in the traditions of European Romanticism scarcely paralleled pada tahun 1714 the! A thinker ; he was not the originator of a New doctrine liked to act Bible.
2020 george whitefield biography