Origin. Research shows that children learn better when taught in their mother tongue, however it is not always possible. One of the salient features of this law is the use of the mother tongue (MT) as the language of literacy and as the primary medium of instruction (MOI). Professor: Lucero She constantly had to be the translator for her mother, which was embarrassing for Tan. Personally, I speak three languages and truly I am not an expert speaker of these languages. the use of mother tongue by their teachers in a classroom setting (Duff, 1990). ), The Sunday Times has published its Parent Power 2021 schools guide, which uses 10 years…, Brentwood School has undergone a multi-million-pound transformation of its preparatory school facilities, with hopes to…, You may enter up to three email addresses below to share this report, Carolyn Savage, former head of education at Winter’s International School Finder, explains the importance of mother tongue and how it benefits education and child development, The importance of mother tongue in education, Studies show that children that capitalise on learning through multilingualism enjoy a higher socioeconomic status earn higher earnings. He discusses how children that speak multiple languages have more advanced critical thinking as they have to explore how to phrase and use the language of choice at that moment in time. According to DepEd, 12 major Philippine languages will be introduced beginning this school year 2012-2013 to improve literacy and instruction: Tagalog, Kapampangan, Pangasinense, Iloko, Bikol, Cebuano, Hiligaynon, Waray, Tausug, Maguindanaoan, Maranao, and Chabacano. Osaka University Along with language lost, becomes many cultural expressions and cosmologies, which is of concern for the declining pockets of cultures on verge of extinction, (Thurman, Judith. Particularly the use of social media. The question of mother-tongue education in South Africa remains a vexed one. Therefore it is a healthy approach to learning for parents to teach second languages at home and also develop the child’s use of language and expression. In Cambodia, for example, our EAL (English as an Additional Language) specialists regularly invited parents into school for evening workshops. The narrative “Mother Tongue” depicts the variations of the English language, and the nature of talk. Children with a strong foundation in their first language often display a deeper understanding of themselves and their place within society, along with an increased sense of wellbeing and confidence. Kim, E. (2011) Using translation exercises in the communicative EFL writing classroom, ELT Journal, Volume 65, Issue 2, 1 April 2011, Pages 154–160. Amy Tan also shares the story of her mother’s “broken” English and how this limited her perception of hers mother’s communication with others. As the number of English first-language speakers is only the fourth highest of all the language groups in South Africa, it follows that the majority of children in the country are taught in a language that is not their mother-tongue.School subjects in South Africa are either taught in English from grade 1 all the way through to matric or the first three years of education are presented in the children’s first language (any of the other ten official o… Amy Tan uses her mother’s experiences as a sample to represent a type of new immigrants who is always disrespected by locals and have troubles in dealing a lot of things; the reason why this happens is because they cannot speak English well. In the description of her mother experiences, Tan employs symbolism to portray how an immigrant suffers others’ contempt because of their terrible language’s level. UNESCO (2007) defines MT as the language that a person: (a) has learned first; (b) identifies with or is identified as a native speaker of by others; (c) knows best; and (d) uses most. By knowing the usefulness of using first language in foreign language class teachers may modify their teaching method and use mother tongue as an essential tool. Likewise, language is something that comes from a source but changes, or is raised, over time. language teaching, the patterns of the mother tongue or when translating lexical items may be borrowed from the native language. Scenario: A Waray-speaking couple from Samar decided to relocate in Cebu for job opportunities. Current issues in the implementation of the Mother Tongue Based- Tan also discusses stereotypes and lack of respect brought on by her ethnic background and the struggles brought about by being Asian in America. It is the language that you most commonly speak. Mar 8, 2012 by braincontour Deficient of finances, they decided to enroll the kid in a public school. I hope the result of my study will help the language teachers to know about the usefulness of using mother tongue. He explored why is it so important that parents speak their own mother tongue to their children. On the other hand, there are some very real difficulties involved in the implementation of this ideal. However, all do not understand my mother’s language since it’s not the “proper” fluent English many people are familiar with. Advantages of a Mother tongue based education: 1. The Philippines saw a big change this year when the Republic Act 10533, also known as the “Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013, was signed into law by President Benigno Aquino III last May 15. For example, if a child has developed the ability to guess the meaning of a word through its context, or to infer meaning by reading between the lines, these skills are easily transferred when they begin studying in a second language. However this is very rare as most commonly in households, one of the languages is predominantly used over another. The use of mother tongue in teaching in a multilingual setting affects the way pupils learn. It is these skills that they take with them into formal education, and research tells us that any skills and concepts gained in the learner’s home language don’t have to be re-taught when they transfer to a second language. ...October 5, 2014 Born in the United States to immigrant parents from China, Amy Tan failed her mother’s expectations that she become a doctor and concert pianist. The importance of mother tongue was studied by Professor Jim Cummins from the University of Toronto in Canada. Now, more than one school year after the start of its implementation, what have we learned from this program? Pay attention to mistakes your students make, and when you come across t… The intuitive understanding of grammar that develops when children learn their first language can easily be passed on to other languages. Negative features that are not available in the mother tongue are to features that are present in the second language. Native. My mother is at disadvantage to obtain equal opportunities and services due to the language barrier society impose. Actually the general usage of the term 'mother tongue' denotes not only the language one learns from one's mother, but also the speaker's dominant and home language, i.e. His research uncovers the link between a child’s development and their mother tongue. (Cummins, J. The choice of words and expression carry different meaning across cultures and where in one language asking direct questions is considered intrusive, in another it is inquisitive. “A Loss for Words.” The New Yorker, March 30, 2015. Some children (particularly those that grow up in a mixed race parent household or those living abroad) already know two or more languages by the time they reach school age, which in education terms means that their mother tongue is the language most spoke at home. To prove why Mother Tongue is a helpful or not in solving the problem with students having a difficulty in coping with their lessons. Statement of the Problem. Date: 10/17/2014 Consequently, this paper aims at investigating the effect of using Arabic But while we talk about the mother tongue instruction we take the second meaning of the term. pauljuliansantiago@gmail.com Please join StudyMode to read the full document. Furthermore, Cummins found that children with a strong mother tongue found it easier to pick up a second language and develop their literacy skills. ABSTRACT The topic of the study is the effects of mother tongue in the study of English language in secondary school in Enugu North Local Government Area of Enugu State. Objectives of the study The objectives of this study are to: 1. investigate the effectiveness of the mother tongue as a language of instruction on learning abilities of pre-school age children; 2. examine the difference in the impact of the mother tongue as a language of instruction on the learning abilities of male and female pre-school children. Also known as Mother Tongue Based Multilingual Education (MLE), this program is more than just using MT as the language of instruction when explaining the curriculum but also developing research- and evidence-based policies, sufficient teaching and learning materials, and intensive teachers’ training. It specifically addresses the high functional... StudyMode - Premium and Free Essays, Term Papers & Book Notes. Mother Tongue Forcing an English medium education can put them at a significant disadvantage. Expand the reach of education. Bilingual Children’s Mother Tongue: Why is it important for education? This is further catapulted by the growing age of digital and internet. Whilst English is the most widely spoken language, those speaking it as a second language actually outnumber those using it as their mother tongue language by hundreds of millions. Since School Year (SY) 2012-2013, the Mother Tongue-Based-Multilingual Education (MTB-MLE) began to be implemented in all public schools, specifically in Kindergarten, Grades 1, 2 and 3 as part of the K to 12 Basic Education Program. She explains communication problems between her and her mother although they were very close. tongue and content against the use of mother tongue among other issues. In her work “Mother Tongue,” Amy Tan explores the creation of her language and her mother’s role in it through her literary skills to relate to the reader, like me. Multilingual Education in the Philippines In contrast, Yadav (2014) argues that the influence of the mother tongue is proved both positive and negative in teaching and learning of English. Will the girl be given special attention knowing that she speaks Waray and be separated from the rest of her Cebuano-speaking classmates? Parent workshops outlining the importance of the mother tongue are becoming increasingly popular, because many parents mistakenly believe that they should only speak to their children in the school’s language of instruction, often contributing to children not gaining complete fluency in either their first or second language. Tagging along with them is their first-grader girl. Sometimes, children chose to read small extracts out loud, allowing them to demonstrate more developed reading skills, whilst simultaneously building pride in their own culture and developing respect for all cultures within the school. Using mother tongue as the medium of instruction in Primary school is problematic if no form of translation takes. Different languages are native to different people and some language is protected over time, whether through books or the human mind. This study used a research method We all grow up surrounded by different forms of English speaking, which is due to the atmosphere we are raised in. The importance of mother tongue is studied because when children develop their mother tongue, they are simultaneously fostering a whole host of other essential skills, such as critical thinking and literacy skills. Source. However skills learnt in mother tongue could also be transferred into the language learning approach so if a child has to think more about how to deliver the sentence and when to use it, their cultural identity is also easily adapted. consciously or unconsciously use mother tongue in Foreign Language class. They put more attention to people inside spirit and talents. Through describing three stories of her and her mother, Tan mentions that people should not judge others for their English skills. Her work has been translated into 35 different languages, from Spanish, French, Finish to Chinese, Arabic, and Hebrew (Tan, Website). not only the first language according to the time of acquisition, but the first with regard to its importance and the speaker's ability to master its linguistic and communicative aspects. This is, of course, one of the reasons why bilingual education systems are growing in popularity around the world and many international schools are focusing their resources on establishing strong mother tongue programmes. Several scholars have addressed the problems of communicative competence in the use of English language as a second language and it is used as the main language as instruction in Nigeria education delivery process. For many people, language is not recognized as a form of communication, but as a barrier that limit them to connect with the world. Language problems can be solved. A new study is exploring how a person’s native language can influence the way the brain processes auditory words in a second language. As a first generation Asian American, Amy Tan believes that her English derived from multiple “Englishes.” The “simple” English she uses when speaking to her mother, the “broken” English her mother uses, her translation of her mother’s Chinese which she considers “watered down,” and the perfect English her mother would use to translate her own Chinese if she could. Her novels are The Joy Luck Club, The Kitchen God’s Wife, The Hundred Secret Senses, The Bonesetter’s Daughter, and Saving Fish Form Drowning, all New York Times bestsellers and the recipients of various awards. This is a very common problem for people who immigrated to United State from other countries and who grew up under nonnative English-speaking family as a first-generation Asian American. In the essay “Mother Tongue” Tan discusses many issues including language and cultural barriers faced by her and her family when she was growing up. Language and mother tongue also play a huge role in the development of personal, social and cultural identity. Naturally, this flows down into every aspect of their lives, including their academic achievement. When I taught in Bratislava, we encouraged children to bring in books written in their home language(s) and to share these with the class. Research indicates that having a strong mother tongue foundation leads to a much better understanding of the curriculum as well as a more positive attitude towards school, so it’s vital that children maintain their first language when they begin schooling in a different language. Mother tongue means it is the language first learned by a child or one's native language rather a parent language and passed from one generation to the next. 6.4 Inadequacy of trained teachers in mother tongue 260 6.5 Learning and teaching materials as challenges to mother-tongue education 265 6.6 Poor standardisation of a language as a barrier to mother-tongue education 268 6.7 Poor school improvement practice to promote mother-tongue … If people want to erase the barrier of language, it can solve at once. However, a singular wish to teach children English at all costs, when coupled with punishment for using one’s mother tongue, is both psychologically and culturally damaging. A melting pot and the educational center of the North, Baguio City, Philippines demands teaching strategies that not only adapt to the interplay of the different cultures and languages but give importance to them, too. he concluded that children’s knowledge and skills transfers across languages. Maybe it’s complicated to use it but some people try very seriously and teach the children from the beginning why it's important to learn their mother tongue and stress that if someone want to learn about the culture of their country it is very important to learn mother tongue. This is normally the language that the child speaks at home with their family. It is the language community of the mother tongue, the language spoken in a region, which enables the process of acculturation, the growing of an individual into a particular system of linguistic perception of the world and participation in the centuries old history of linguistic production. On the one hand, it seems reasonable and desirable that learners should be able to receive education in their mother tongue, if they so wish. English 103 It is as a result of the negative effects which the mother tongue had caused the study of English language on the educational structures of the attempt to determine the effect of the use of mother tongue on the teaching and learning process in secondary schools. And the set backs faced because of these communication... ...Raise. What are the advantages and disadvantages of mother tongue instruction in teaching the English language to Filipino learners? It’s also well known that a strong mother tongue foundation equips children with the skills they need to learn additional languages, allowing them to transfer their understanding of the structure of language to several new languages. In this study, the target populations were students and English teachers from public day secondary schools in Gatundu. This was just one small part of the jigsaw that made up our in-depth mother tongue programme. If this is two languages, then the child is lucky enough to have 2 mother tongue languages since their ability in both languages is equal. The longer you stay, the more often you'll notice the same mistakes occurring, which is likely a sign of the mother tongue interfering. My mother like that of Amy Tan speaks “broken” English and I too am so accustomed to it, I have no trouble understanding her. The power of language is essential in the way we express and communicate with one another. Brighton College named independent secondary school of the decade, Prep school completes ‘ambitious’ multi-million-pound project, Mother tongue makes it easier for children to pick up and learn other languages, Mother tongue develops a child’s personal, social and cultural identity, Using mother tongue helps a child develop their critical thinking and literacy skills, Research shows that children learning in mother tongue adopt a better understanding of the curriculum, Skills learnt in mother tongue do not have to be re-taught when when the child transfers to a second language, Children learning in mother tongue enjoy school more and learn faster due to feeling comfortable in their environment, Self-esteem is higher for children learning in mother tongue, Parent child interaction increases as the parent can assist with homework. The mother-tongue arm of the study, funded by DFID in 2013–2014, aimed to provide rigorous evidence regarding the real-world effects of teaching children to read in their mother tongue on learning outcomes in other subjects. Language can be developed both through environment, and one’s personal experiences. The mother tongue meaning for a child involves more than just language and includes the child’s personal, social and cultural identity. This research is designed to find and analyze the influence of mother tongue on the learning of English Language as a foreign language it is therefore an attempt to bring together in an accessible from where the mother tongue can give the needed wrap to English used by Nigerian’s, particularly those students in Ozolua Model Secondary School, Iguobazuwa. Scott, C (2016) How you can support students’ mother tongue development International School Magazine, Volume 18, Issue 3 (FYR: 87) Coming from an immigrant family myself I can concur with the opinion of Amy Tan. Mother tongue instruction may have two connotations: teaching mother tongue itself and imparting formal education in the first language of students. After I read this article, I have different feeling and opinions on the languages that I am speaking. Irina Bokova, UNESCO director general said on the role of mother tongue in education: “Mother languages in a multilingual approach are essential components of quality education, which is itself the foundation for empowering women and men and their societies.”. I also experienced that people treated differently... ...Tan makes in her story “Mother Tongue.” She shares her personal story of the English she speaks, and how much the people you are around can change the way you converse. After reading the article, I am totally agree on her points because I experienced the situation that Amy discuss in the article. ...Mother tongue means it is the language first learned by a child or one's native language rather a parent language and passed from one generation to the next. Mother tongue in education refers to when a school or educational institution integrates the language a child is most familiar with (their mother tongue) into the classroom lesson along with the school’s lesson (such as English). She settled for writing fiction. Even though I have experienced that other people talk impatiently or meanly because I cannot communicate well with them. This indicates that both learners and teacher learning of English as a foreign language is difficult to learn without using the mother tongue in the classroom setting (Rababah, 2000). It is much harder, however, to teach these abstract skills directly through a second language. Transfer: The process or result of carrying over speech habit from one language to another e.g. He also found that children with only one mother tongue did not know how to use the language in the same depth as children using two or mother mother tongue languages. With multilingualism becoming an increasingly sought-after attribute within the workplace, this advantage cannot be overstated; globalisation and increased co-operation between nations mean that, in many organisations, it has become a requirement to have language skills in addition to being a specialist within a particular field. With increased migration and the growing popularity of international schools, the number of children learning in a language other than their mother tongue is growing rapidly. On the psychological level, a child’s sense of identity is grounded in his or her mother tongue. ...Mother Tongue-Based Multi-Lingual Education in Philippine Schools My relationship with my mother at home perhaps adds to the difficulty she has when speaking English. 1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM. There are one advantage and a few disadvantages. These are all words that can be interchanged with the word “mother.” Like anything else all language has an origin. In the sample, “stockbroker neglected her mother for the reason that he is not that patient enough to understand her mother’s terrible English. The mother tongue medium of education at the primary school level is provided in less than twenty-Nigeria throughout the country. The meaning of mother tongue can often be referred to as your first language or native language. She felt the world thought her mother was inferior because she could not speak English well, though her mother was an intelligent being. The Scales Are Tipping over: Are Cars a Blessing or a Curse. Paul Julian Santiago I. Overview: From Bilingual Education Policy to MLE As a student my big perception of this is it’s a big deal to use it because many have a positive and negative about this and an argument will have. Just like Asian American family, we spoke “Broken English” in our family. Because cues that signal the beginning and ending of words can differ from language to language, a person’s native language can provide misleading information when learning to segment a second language into words. The use of mother tongue in the teaching and learning of English has been an ... just as mother tongue is learnt using mother tongue. For example there are instances where a child is brought up until school age using a particular language at home spoken by their mother, father or other family members, and due to living in another country, begin to adopt the language spoken in their interactions such as fun groups, school etc…but if the child comes back home continually to another language, this is impact can be lessened. If the language at home will be the medium of instruction from Kinder to Grade 3, how will this affect a multi-language group? Mother Tongue 1.3 Research Questions Mother tongue makes it easier for children to pick up and learn other languages; Mother tongue develops a child’s personal, social and cultural identity; Using mother tongue helps a child develop their critical thinking and literacy skills; Research shows that children learning in mother tongue adopt a better understanding of the curriculum Every language affects English learners differently, so we can't simply list out all the common mistakes, this post would be too long!If you're a complete newcomer to the country you're in, then it can be hard to identify at first. As denoted in the narrative Amy Tan says “But I do think that the language spoken in family, especially in immigrant families which is more insular, plays a large role in shaping the language of the child”. 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