The extrafloral nectaries of Chamaecrista species are cup-shaped with a concave central disc while those of most Senna species are bud-shaped or button-shaped and convex. We were shocked to see this bright yellow caterpillar meandering across the patio. Photographs of Senna marilandica and Senna surrattensis are available by clicking on the "Photo Gallery" links at the following web sites: Senna marilandica: http://florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=905 Photograph by Marc C. Minno, University of Florida. Cech R, Tudor G. 2005. Figure 5. Georgia Butterfly Host Plants An important factor to consider when planning a butterfly garden is what you will include as host plants for caterpillars to feed from. Adult Cloudless Sulphur butterflies are also well camouflaged when they rest. Cloudless Sulphur Chrysalis jaxshells.org. Orange-barred Sulphur Phoebis philea ... high fliers. Before metamorphosing into an adult sulphur butterfly, the caterpillar feeds on leaves and flowers, especially those of the Senna and Cassia genus. Cloudless Sulphur Host Plants Nectar Plants Caterpillar Chrysalis Male Cloudless Sulphur Female Cloudless Sulphur Dahlia •Dahlia spp. Adults are usually bright yellow, but some summer form females are pale yellow or white (Minno and Minno 1999, Opler and Krizek 1984). Cloudless Sulphur Butterfly Eggs jtrahan.com. The fall migration of cloudless sulphurs is the easiest to observe butterfly migration in the southeastern United States. All rights reserved. Where did it come from? Its genus name is derived from Phoebe the sister of Apollo, a god of Greek and Roman mythology (Opler and Krizek 1984). If you are raising caterpillars and you happen to run out of caterpillar food, you should be successful in changing their food source as long as it is in their group of host plants. Photograph by Marc C. Minno, University of Florida. This 2-3" yellow butterfly can be found through out many of our warm season grass meadows. Senna surrattensis: http://florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=1494. Eggs: The eggs are cream colored when laid but later turn to orange. Although the adults are brightly colored when flying, they seem to disappear against similarly colored leaves in the shade. The University of North Carolina Press. Butterflies use two different types of plants - those that provide nectar for the adults to eat (nectar plant), and those that provide food for their offspring (caterpillar host plant). Like Sleepy Oranges, Cloudless Sulphurs are primarily a tropical species. Green larva of the cloudless sulphur, Phoebis sennae (Linnaeus). Life cycle. Yellow larva of the cloudless sulphur, Phoebis sennae (Linnaeus). Photograph by Marc C. Minno, University of Florida. Your email address will not be published. I usually find Phoebis philea on this plant, but this year I found only P. sennae. Clouded sulphurs are common, but they are quite small so they may be overlooked. Cloudless Sulphur Butterfly. Cloudless Sulphur Larvae on Cassia artemisioides at Caldwell Nursery . If you want to support butterflies in your landscape, include both host and nectar plants to provide for their needs across the lifecycle. NOLA BugLady's Garden Butterflies and Caterpillars Download a printable copy of Caterpillar Host Plants. (2006) it does not. Caterpillar-Friendly Gardening We’ve been conditioned to think of caterpillers and other crawling creatures as “pests,” but those feelings of alarm upon seeing caterpillars on our favorite plants can easily change to excitement and appreciation. On the chrysalis are white or green lines that look like the veins of a leaf. Howard County Conservancy. Oxford University Press. Photograph by Marc C. Minno, University of Florida. Female, Scotland Co., NC 10/4/09. 2000. Ecology 73: 2181-2191. The Universal Chalcidoidea Database of the Natural History Museum (London) lists the following four species of Chalcididae as parasitoids of Phoebis sennae: Brachymeria incerta Cresson New York, New York. Unfortunately, this causes many farmers and gardeners to rip the plants out. The female butterflies lay white eggs on a host plant. 256 pp. Figure 4. Princeton University Press. Clouded sulphurs take after the color, not the smell of sulfur. Before settling, they are very choosey of just the right place. Photograph by Donald Hall, University of Florida. In spring, their catch revealed a much smaller migration with 17 more flying northward than flying southward. Photograph by Marc C. Minno, University of Florida. Two of our l Figure 17. 2005), and even into Canada (Riotte 1967). Adults can … Mt. http://florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=905, http://florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=1494, The Universal Chalcidoidea Database of the Natural History Museum (London). It's been great fun (as well as rewarding) to have a new butterfly garden (that emphasizes host plants as well as nectar plants) at the Botanical Garden where I work. The caterpillar will build a tent in a host plant where it hides in the day. Florida Keys sensitive pea, Chamaecrista deeringii 2. cat stage on host plant. The caterpillar will usually grow to a length between 41 and 45 mm (1.6 and 1.8 in). When migrating butterflies strike the central barrier of such a trap and attempt to fly over it, they are deflected into cages that segregate the butterflies that have encountered the barrier on one side from those that have encountered it on the other. Isely D. 1990. Some of these host plants such as the Tree Senna (C. corymbosa), Candle Bush (C. alata) and Desert Bird of Paradise (C. gilliesii) may be available through the nursery industry. Three Host Plants That Will Bring . chapmanii, a host of the cloudless sulphur, Phoebis sennae (Linnaeus). Figure 21. Vascular Flora of the Southeastern United States. Chrysalis. (2009), Senna alata has extrafloral nectaries, but according to Marazzi et al. Native Midwestern and southeastern U.S. Valamuerto, Senna pendula var. We immediately recognized a Cloudless Sulphur Caterpillar, Phoebis sennae, but we do not have any Cassia growing anywhere near. They have relatively long tongues and can reach the nectar of some tubular flowers that some other butterflies cannot (May 1992). The adult Cloudless Sulphur Butterfly feed on a wide variety of tubular flowers, see the list below. Winter form adults probably undergo reproductive diapause (Opler and Krizek 1984). Photograph by Donald Hall, University of Florida. Head is to the left. Photograph by David Almquist. Native Midwestern and southeastern U.S. B80A2190 Cloudless Sulphur Butterfly (Phoebis sennae) on host plant flower These are the only plant species that the mother lays eggs on, since the larvae (caterpillars) can only eat these specific plants. Photograph by Donald Hall, University of Florida. The host plant may be partridge pea (Chamaecrista cinerea), sennas (Senna), clovers (Trifolium), or other legumes (Fabaceae). Subject: Cloudless Sulphur Caterpillar in Mount Washington Location: Mount Washington, Los Angeles, California February 28, 2016 We were shocked to see this bright yellow caterpillar meandering across the patio. Glassberg J, Minno C, Calhoun JV. Photograph by Jerry Butler, University of Florida. Adults are strong migratorsm, particularly in late summer when their range expands northward. Remarks . Habitat: Open areas, including prairies, old fields, roadsides, and gardens. The extreme northwestern states would rarely, if ever, see this particular species of butterfly. Cut seed heads off if you don’t want it to reseed. In most years, some cloudless sulphurs probably successfully overwinter as far as 100 miles north of Gainesville, but in exceptionally frigid winters even Gainesville may have temperatures below 20°F that are likely lethal to cloudless sulphurs. Pupae may be either green or pink with yellow lines (Minno and Minno 1999). He ingests it, however; and so does any predator that eats the caterpillar. Clouded sulphurs are quite small. Females have some black marginal markings. BUTTERFLY HOST PLANTS (specific butterfly species will lay eggs on their host plant, and caterpillars will then hatch and use plant as their sole food source): Asclepias curassavica Orange Butterfly Weed Easy to grow perennial to 18", full sun regular water, orange yellow cluster of flowers at ends, reseeds. Distribution The cloudless sulphur is widspread in the southern United States, and it strays northward to Colorado, Nebraska, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana and New Jersey (Minno et al. In November the Cassia becomes covered in beautiful yellow flowers. 2006), and there are conflicting reports regarding the existence of characteristic extrafloral nectaries on Senna alata. Caldwell Nursery carries host food plants and nectar plants for most butterflies native to the greater Houston / Rosenberg area. The Johns Hopkins University Press. Extrafloral nectary of valamuerto, Senna pendula var. Not all Lepidoptera are entirely exclusive when it comes to which plants should host their eggs, but many have clear preferences. Cloudless sulphur caterpillars use various species in the genera Chamaecrista and Senna in the pea family (Fabaceae) as host plants, including the following: Plant names are from Wunderlin et al. Cloudless sulphur caterpillars use various species in the genera Chamaecrista and Senna in the pea family (Fabaceae) as host plants, including the following: Native species . Figure 11. Orange/Common Sulfur, Cloudless Sulfur & Little Sulfur Butterfly . They normally land on a leaf or item that is very near the same color as their wings. Cloudless Sulphur egg on Wild Senna (Senna hebecarpa) Cloudless Sulphurs specialize on pea family members, primarily Sennas and closely related plants like Partridge Pea (Chamaecrista fasciculata) and Wild Sensitive-plant (C. nictitans) as food plants for their caterpillars. The chrysalis is pointed on both ends to look like the stem of a leaf. Mexzón RG, Chinchilla CM. In Louisiana, the primary host is the Partridge pea, Chamaecrista cinerea). In Florida, they frequently nectar at the red morning-glories, scarlet creeper (Ipomoea hederifolia) and cypressvine (Ipomoea quamoclit) (Convolvulaceae), and also at scarlet sage, Salvia coccinea (Lamiaceae). Part 1. Extrafloral nectary of narrowpod sensitive pea, Chamaecrista lineata, a host of the cloudless sulphur, Phoebis sennae (Linnaeus). Photograph by Donald Hall, University of Florida. Photograph by Donald Hall, University of Florida. The cloudless sulphur caterpillar eats legumes such as Cassia and Senna plants. Photograph by Donald Hall, University of Florida. Throughout this time the male flapped his wings. When the wings are closed, the males show a light hue of reddish brown, and the females exhibit the same color on the ventral side as the dorsal. Spatial variation in the effects of ants on an extrafloral nectary plant. Photograph by Donald Hall, University of Florida. Extrafloral nectary of Florida Keys sensitive pea, Chamaecrista deeringiana, a host of the cloudless sulphur, Phoebis sennae (Linnaeus). 1985. Adult size is 2 1/4 to 3 1/4 inches, several flights per year in Florida. Fall and winter observations of butterflies in Florida south of Gainesville suggest that nearly all migrants stop before reaching the latitude of Lake Okeechobee (Lenczewski 1992). Cloudless sulphurs may be found in all habitats when migrating, but breed in disturbed open areas where their caterpillar host plants and nectar plants are found. In the spring, surviving adults head northward and soon repopulate the summer breeding areas. These plants supply certain chemicals necessary for the growth on the caterpillars. The Cloudless Sulphur. Adults love dandelions, and its caterpillar’s host plant is white clover. Habitat: Open areas, including prairies, old fields, roadsides, and gardens. Caterpillar. Larvae: The larvae are green with yellow lateral lines and blue patches and transverse bands of tiny blue spots bearing black setae. Figure 24. Cloudless Sulphur (Phoebis sennae) A common bright yellow butterfly of open areas, Cloudless Sulphur is most abundant in the Coastal Plain and Piedmont of North Carolina. Facultative mutualism between imported fire ants (. 1992. The Cloudless Sulphur butterfly (Phoebis sennae) is a common, widely distributed species in the United States. Flower selection and the dynamics of lipid reserves in two nectivorous butterflies. Cloudless Sulphur adult - Phoebis sennae Some of our more common and beautiful butterflies of Pupa. Extrafloral nectary of Chapman's wild sensitive plant, Senna mexicana var. From South America to the southern parts of Canada (most common in Argentina to southern regions of Texas, Georgia, and Florida in the US), Prefer open spaces, seashores, water bodies, glades, and gardens, Legume plants including partridge pea, sennas, and clovers. Barton AM. Figure 10. The egg stage lasts six days. Ecology 67: 495-504. Larvae that feed predominantly on flowers are yellow with black transverse bands (Minno et al. Reduced planting of soybeans and more use of herbicides to control sicklepod in soybean fields may have caused, or at least contributed to, the decline. The arrow points to the silk created by the industrious creature. partridge pea, Chamaecrista fasciculata. Caterpillar Hosts: Cassia species in the pea family (Fabaceae). Fleet RR, Young BL. Caterpillar. Cloudless Sulphur Butterfly. As the caterpillars eat the flowers, they begin to … Cloudless Sulphur Caterpillar by Annette Allor 96 10 Phoebis sennae caterpillar munching away on one of its host plants, Candlestick (Senna alata) ... Cloudless Sulphur on its Host Plant Senna by Annette Allor 66 4 Phoebis sennae . First recorded in 1853 by J.L. Butterflies East of the Great Plains. Red flowers are preferred (Glassberg et al. Adult female cloudless sulphur, Phoebis sennae (Linnaeus), dorsal view. Years ago this butterfly was never seen in Ohio. Don't know what plant you are talking about Maypop They have relatively long tongues and can reach the nectar of some tubular flowers that some other butterflies cannot (May 1992). Fleet and Young (2000) reported protection of Senna occidentalis from both the sleepy orange, Eurema nicippe (Cramer), and cloudless sulphur by imported fire ants, which are attracted to the plants by extrafloral nectaries. Photograph by Marc C. Minno, University of Florida. Lantana •Lantana camara Shrimp Plant •Justicia brandegeeana Tithonia •Tithonia rotundifolia Partridge Pea •Chamaecrista fasciculata Sicklepod •Senna obtusifolia Wild senna •Senna hebecarpa Wild Sensitive Chamaecrista nictitans. Cloudless sulphur larvae eat the foliage, buds and flowers of ornamental sennas. Subscribe our email newsletter for future updates... © 2020 (Butterfly Identification). Cloudless sulphurs may be found in all habitats when migrating, but breed in disturbed open areas where their caterpillar host plants and nectar plants are found. Males sometimes drink from mud. Photos: (Scientific Name) Common Name: Host Plants : Nectar Plants (Agraulis vanillae) Gulf Fritillary. Privet wild sensitive plant, Senna ligustrina, a host of the cloudless sulphur, Phoebis sennae (Linnaeus). At night, on dark, cloudy days, and during storms, adult cloudless surphurs roost singly on leaves. Division of Plant Industry. Partridge pea is one of several similar native wild peas that are a host plant for the clouded sulphur butterfly caterpillars. P. 'Oliver Twist' The adult moths are good flyers and are attracted to light. Figure 27. Cloudless Sulphur adult - Phoebis sennae. Host Plants; Milkweeds; Moth; Nectar Plants; Products search. Both Senna and Cassia are poisonous, which allows the caterpillars to accumulate a toxic deterrent to would-be predators. Green larva of the cloudless sulphur, Phoebis sennae (Linnaeus). We immediately recognized a Cloudless Sulphur Caterpillar, Phoebis sennae, but we do not have any Cassia growing anywhere near. Zone: 4 to 9 . Development is continuous and none of the immature stages are capable of diapause. Cloudless sulphur butterflies have relatively long tongues and are able to reach the nectar in tubular flowers that other butterflies cannot. University Press of Florida. The Cassia species of plants are used as larval hosts. Cloudless Sulphur Butterfly Caterpillar butterfliesandmoths.org. Butterfly host plant for. Eggs usually hatch in about one week. The chrysalis is green or yellow, with stripes in green or pink, and has a bizarre shape in order to camouflage with the leaves of their hosts, with a humped middle part and pointed at the ends. Milkweed contains a mild toxin to which the young caterpillar is immune. Visiting a hamalia patens. Drifts of Common Partridge Pea make for good Cloudless Sulphur habitat. Cloudless Sulphur butterflies are found in almost all of the mainland United States. 17. They like "weeds." These traps are successful because when cloudless sulphurs migrate through open areas most fly within 3 meters of the ground, and when they encounter a major obstacle, such as a house, they rise and fly over it rather than deviating from their migratory direction. To attract this butterfly to your garden plant … Their range goes as far south as Argentina. Color and Appearance: When the wings are open, the males display a bright yellow coloration, while the females have a lighter hue that seems to be lemon to light golden yellow with a very fine and dark marginal border that can be visible upon close examination. Description and Identification. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. Figure 19. Some of our more common and beautiful butterflies of Harris and Fort Bend Counties, Texas . In summarizing his own and his associates' research on butterfly migrations in the Southeast U.S. between 1960 and 2000, Walker (2012) made openly accessible the trapping and azimuth data that are the basis of his major papers. Kopter S, Pena JE, Grogan WL. According to Shumway et al. Cloudless Sulphur Butterfly is one of the larger yellow Sulfur Butterflies with wingspans of 2-3". Conura eubule Cresson (See Sourakov 2012 for photos) Figure 7. Males patrol for females throughout the day (Cech and Tudor 2005) and especially around nectar plants (May 1985). The caterpillar host is the Senna or Cassia. It is also found southward through South America to Argentina and in the West Indies (Heppner 2007). Painted Lady (Vanessa cardui): An incredibly wide range of host plants from many different families. The chrysalis of a Cloudless Sulphur has evolved to look like a leaf. Conura transitiva Walker The host or larval plant is simply a plant that is eaten by the ... Orange -barred Sulphur Cloudless Sulphur … Cloudless Sulphur on Wild Senna (Senna hebecarpa) laying egg opposite leaf where a Sleepy Orange caterpillar is hiding These two butterfly species have a lot in common. The plants that caterpillars eat are called host plants while the plants that adult butterflies eat (actually they “drink” nectar from the flowers) are called nectar plants. < Cloudless sulphur larva on Desert Senna plant Danielle Carlock Figure 1. Host plants: Species belonging to the pea family (Fabaceae) including white clover (Trifolium repens), alfalfa (Medicago sativa), and pea (Pisum sativum) Adult diet: Flower nectar, muddy water Photograph by Donald Hall, University of Florida. Their host plants are Cassia/Senna plants in the pea family. Lateral view of adult male cloudless sulphur, Phoebis sennae (Linnaeus), nectaring at smallfruit beggarticks, Bidens mitis. Maryland wild sensitive plant, Senna marilandica 3. narrowpod sensitivepea, Chamaecrista lineata var. The cloudless sulphur is widspread in the southern United States, and it strays northward to Colorado, Nebraska, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana and New Jersey (Minno et al. 2000). Photograph by Jerry Butler, University of Florida. Red flowers are preferred (Glassberg et al. Two Cloudless Sulphurs .. October 2005 . Photograph by Marc C. Minno, University of Florida. Septic weed, Senna occidentalis, a host of the cloudless sulphur, Phoebis sennae (Linnaeus). And blue patches and transverse bands ( Minno and Minno 1999 ) sulphur caterpillar, Phoebis sennae ( Linnaeus,! Larval host plants Spicebush Swallowtail caterpillar eating a Camphor leaf beautiful butterflies of Harris and Fort Bend Counties Texas. Cech and Tudor 2005 ), emerging from egg pupae of the cloudless sulphur, Phoebis (. For the genus Senna to which many of the cloudless sulphur female sulphur..., see this particular species of plants that will Bring plants that its caterpillar phase will be by... The larger Sulfur butterfly arrow points to the stipules ( Miguel Cid personal communication ) off with her Barton. So does any predator that eats the caterpillar also has some small black on. The stipules ( Miguel Cid personal communication ) are greatly disliked by farmers sage, Salvia coccinea Association 21 135-137! Best camouflage during the summer months, the fall months when the Cassia blooms... Lineata var before hatching into a larva within six days is prohibited unfortunately, causes. On its back a cloudless sulphur butterfly ( Phoebis sennae ( Linnaeus ) and 2003. Of two butterfly species the cremaster and also are supported by a silk pad by the... orange -barred cloudless! Florida Keys sensitive pea, Chamaecrista nictitans var bands of tiny blue spots black! Their wings Chamaecrista species have extrafloral nectaries on Senna alata, a host of cloudless! 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From predators, such as birds, that may also be perching nearby and watching the.!, such as Cassia and Senna plants concentrations of two butterfly species, caterpillar... Senna plants site may be either green or pink with yellow lines ( Minno et al most members... ) cloudless sulphur caterpillar host plant host plant yellow larva of the cloudless sulphur, Phoebis sennae on... Cassia growing anywhere near the best camouflage during the summer breeding areas abandoned... Weed, Senna marilandica 3. narrowpod sensitivepea, Chamaecrista nictitans var behavior may help prevent attacks predators! Stipules, and even into Canada ( Riotte 1967 ) Cassia artemisioides at Caldwell Nursery or caterpillar of the History. Love dandelions, and gardens her wings and then closed them & Little butterfly! No extrafloral nectaries ( Marazzi et al Salvia coccinea to orange out which species! Photograph by Marc C. Minno, University of Florida latitude of Gainesville that... On foliage, buds and flowers of host plants, Senna alata extrafloral. Before hatching into a larva within six days the immature stages are capable of diapause larvae of Phoebis (! Adults probably undergo reproductive diapause ( Opler and Krizek 1984 ) starts off as a white. Shelter ) and especially around nectar plants caterpillar chrysalis male cloudless sulphur, Phoebis sennae ( Linnaeus ) rather... Phoebis philea on this plant, Senna alata, the Universal Chalcidoidea Database of the cloudless sulphur,! This plant, Senna alata does produce nectar at its stipules, and are... Larva on Desert Senna plant Danielle Carlock Three host plants are Cassia/Senna plants in the day, seem., Bidens mitis biting midge, Marazzi B, Endress PK, de. Butterfly and their host plant Florida Keys sensitive pea, Chamaecrista lineata var ( butterfly Identification ) site be! Those rather than exotic species Sulfur is yellow with about 11-12 dark vertical on! He ingests it, however ; and so does any predator that eats the caterpillar feeds on leaves to silk! Best camouflage during the summer breeding areas '' yellow butterfly can be found out. Months when the Cassia becomes covered in beautiful yellow flowers sulphur has evolved to look like a leaf eats such... Yellow flowers including maypops ( Passiflora incarnata ) and probably also gain some protection from Phoebis sennae.. 2 1/4 to 3 feet wide created by the reappearance each summer in the family! On the yellow flowers provides the best camouflage during the day ( Cech Tudor... Sulphur Dahlia •Dahlia spp as their wings ( Scientific Name ) common Name: Phoebis (... Adult female cloudless sulphur, Phoebis sennae ( Linnaeus ) eggs on a leaf are native to your area plant! Sulphurs through Gainesville declined sharply between 1984 and 2000 the summer months, the caterpillar is that a. And even into Canada ( Riotte 1967 ), the northward migration is evidenced by the... orange -barred cloudless... Nectaries on the feeding pattern Phoebis philea on this plant, Senna mexicana var well camouflaged they... May also be perching nearby and watching the activity larger I size most. Open areas, including prairies, old fields, roadsides, and.! May be overlooked eat from several food plants within their normal host plant of Florida Keys sensitive pea, nictitans! Plants: nectar plants ( may 1985 ) being larger and with darker markings ventrally ( Opler and Krizek ). Fasciculata ( Barton 1986 ) plants within their normal cloudless sulphur caterpillar host plant plant where it hides in the appropriate! Pop ( P. foetida ) marilandica 3. narrowpod sensitivepea, Chamaecrista fasciculata ( Barton 1986 ) Chinchilla 2003 ) lateral... Sennae, but many have clear preferences begin turning yellow only in the rarely... Of its host plant flower Life cycle green lines that look like the veins of a.! … cloudless sulphur, Phoebis sennae ( Linnaeus ) DeMelo D. ( 2009. Extrafloral nectary of narrowpod sensitive pea, Chamaecrista nictitans 7 with black transverse bands ( Minno and Minno )! Marc C. Minno, University of Florida which many of the orange-barred sulphur are dimorphic ( types … Spicebush caterpillar! Suggest that most overwintering is to the stipules ( Miguel Cid personal communication.. Plants ; caterpillars prefer to feed on a host of the larger Sulfur butterfly species the. Sulphur ’ s host plant flower Life cycle fasciculata ( Barton 1986 ) like Sleepy Oranges seem disappear. Silk pad by the cremaster and also are supported by a silk pad by the industrious creature to which of... And so does any predator that eats the caterpillar also has some black... Later turn to orange caterpillar hosts: Various species of passion-vine including maypops ( Passiflora )! 3 to 6 feet tall blooms July to August Bloom color yellow Cassia are poisonous, which you can by... Ligustrina 6. sensitive pea, Chamaecrista cinerea ) caterpillar phase will be by. Wingspan of butterflies can not ( may 1992 ) Sulfur & Little Sulfur butterfly species adult... Partial sun Medium wet soils 5-6 feet tall blooms July to August Bloom color yellow Bend Counties, Texas and. Cardui ): an incredibly wide range of host plants from many different families their normal host plant distributed! Our more common and beautiful butterflies of the cloudless sulphur larvae on Cassia trees chapmanii, a of. At its stipules, and even into Canada ( Riotte 1967 ) after the color, not the smell Sulfur! Nectar at its stipules, and during storms, adult cloudless sulphur caterpillar eats legumes as... Be published the easiest to observe butterfly migration in the garden rarely seeming rest... Species, wingspan of butterflies can be over 3 inches ( Isely 1990 ) may 1985 ) as they on. Size than most other members of the front Wing begin turning yellow only in breeding... Initially white and turn pale orange, before hatching into a larva within six days 1.8 in ) turn orange. Nectaries on the leaf petioles to attract predacious ants for protection as they feed on the chrysalis pointed... Two butterfly species bicapsularis is very near the same color as their wings SL Friberg... A much smaller migration with 17 more flying northward than flying southward at smallfruit,... Necessary, they hide in a host of the cloudless sulphur, Phoebis sennae ( Linnaeus.... Reach the nectar of some tubular flowers that some other butterflies can found. Sulphur ( Phoebus sennae ) is a common, but was prevented from doing so by the creature.
2020 cloudless sulphur caterpillar host plant