The cloudless sulphur, Phoebis sennae (Linnaeus), is one of our most common and attractive Florida butterflies and is particularly prominent during its fall southward migration. Territorial Area Map (Visual Reference Guide) The map below showcases (in blue) the states and territories of North America where the Clouded Sulphur Butterfly may be found (but is not limited to). In central Wisconsin, it is common to see fields teeming with hundreds and even thousands of these butterflies. West Virginia is home to both the Clouded and Orange Sulphur, along with a nice diversity of other yellow winged butterflies. The upperside of the female’s wings is yellow or cream with a black border. The Cloudless Sulphur (Phoebis sennae) is a member of the Pieridae family, which includes the even more common Cabbage White. Common to abundant. Photo by Fred Goodwin - 9/12/2002Massachusetts Audubon SocietyIpswich River Wildlife Sanctuary, Photo © Lesley Mattuchio - 8/1/2003Massachusetts Audubon SocietyIpswich River Wildlife Sanctuary, Photo by Howard Hoople - 9/18/2013Appleton Farms, Ipswich, MA, Photo by Frank Model - 2004Amherst, MAMale, Photo by Frank Model - 10/4/2005Sudbury Community Garden, Sudbury Mating, Photo by Frank Model - 5/31/2005HadleyWhite Form Female, Photo by Barbara Spencer - 9/25/2006EasthamptonMating, View This Species Side-by-Side With Another Species, Usually seen earlier in spring than Orange Sulphur. The specific epithet, sennae is for the genus Sennato which many of the cloudless sulphur's larval host plants belong. Hybridization occurs when Clouded Sulphur populations reach very high densities and female Orange Sulphurs are overwhelmed by numbers of male Clouded Sulphurs or when female Orange Sulphurs have just emerged from the chrysalis and their ability to discern the differences between the two species is insufficiently developed (Scott, 1986). Butterflies and moths are part of the class of insects in the order Lepidoptera. Its genus name is derived from Phoebe the sister of Apollo, a god of Greek and Roman mythology (Opler and Krizek 1984). Show explanatory information. Females sometimes exhibit a white form known as alba. The Cloudless Sulphur butterfly (Phoebis sennae) is a common, widely distributed species in the United States. Notes. More than 700 species in North America north of Mexico. Distribution and Abundance. Clouded Sulphur. This species closely resembles the Clouded Sulphur … It is most common in the eastern United States and southern portions of the western United States, but it has been spotted as far north as Canada. Clouded sulphurs take after the color, not the smell of sulfur. Cloudless Sulphurs are prolific in the southern U.S. and Mexico where they can produce 3 or 4 broods a year. One of the largest species of sulfur butterfly is the cloudless sulfur (Phoebis sennae); its wingspan ranges from about 5.7 to 8.0 cm (2.2 to 3.1 inches). The Clouded Sulphur is a very common butterfly in Wisconsin. Let's take a look at some of the neat facts about it: Clouded sulphurs get their name from the chemical compound. Viceroy. 6 clouded sulphur butterfly facts. The Clouded Sulphur Butterfly is typically 1.3 inches to 2.0 inches (35mm to 51mm) in size and has the following descriptors / identifiers:. The Clouded Sulphur butterfly ( Colias philodice) is a common, widely distributed species in the United States. However, the clouded sulphur butterfly (Colias philodice) is one of the most common butterflies in the state of Iowa. This species is a typical member of the genus. Clouded sulphur definition is - a medium-sized yellow butterfly (Colias philodice) with black-bordered wings that is common in most of the U.S. and has a larva … Orange Sulphur upper wing surfaces reflect UV light, while Clouded Sulphur wings absorb it. The pigments are a characteristic of this family.. Colias eurytheme, the orange sulphur, also known as the alfalfa butterfly and in its larval stage as the alfalfa caterpillar, is a butterfly of the family Pieridae, where it belongs to the lowland group of " clouded yellows and sulphurs" subfamily Coliadinae. Overwintering. They migrate to the north every year where the cold weather limits them to 1 or 2 broods before returning south. Cloudless Sulphur Butterfly. Males are typically a richer, buttery yellow. The upperside of the male’s wings is yellow to green-yellow with a black border. Statewide - resident. Males have clean borders, while females have yellow dots within this region. Clouded Sulphur (Colias philodice) Clouded Yellow (Colias croceus) Dainty Sulphur (Nathalis iole) Dina Yellow (Eurema dina) Pine White (Neophasia menapia) Falcate Orangetip (Anthocharis midea) Florida White (Appias drusilla) Great Southern White (Ascia monuste) Large Marble (Euchloe ausonides) Similar to the Orange Sulphur. Cloudless Sulphur (Phoebis sennae) Butterflies Habitat and Habits The common habitats of this butterfly are open spaces, gardens, glades, seashores, and watercourses. Thecreature is abundantly spread across its habitat and has been marked by … (Scott, 1986) The pupa is green with yellowish white and black mottling and a yellow band. They are mostly from tropical Africa and Asia. The Division of Wildlife’s mission is to conserve and improve fish and wildlife resources and their habitats for sustainable use and appreciation by all. Larva. Males are often solid bright yellow, whereas females are yellow with black wing margins. With so many butterfly species teaming within the ecosystem, it’s no wonder why there are so many interesting facts revolving around them; let’s take a look. Click on a thumbnail image to go directly to that image. All except the Orange Sulphur has a limited regional distribution. Here in central Wisconsin, it is not as common as the Clouded Sulphurs, but almost always can be found in the same fields with that species. FEATURES The wingspan of the clouded sulphur is about one and one-half to two and one-half inches. They prefer red flowers and frequently get nectar from red morning-glory ( Ipomoea coccinea ), scarlet creeper ( Ipomoea hederifolia ), cypressvine (Ipomoea quamoclit ), and scarlet sage ( Salvia coccinea ). Though they’re a more southern species, they usually spread north to cover most of the eastern U.S. in the summer months. Both genders typically have pale yellow wings above with no traces of orange, unlike its close cousin the orange sulphur which may also be yellowish. Clouded sulphur eggs are cream colored when first deposited, then turn crimson in a day or two. In Florida and south Texas, they breed year-round. Large yellow Cloudless Sulphur (Phoebis sennae) butterflies are found in the entire eastern half of the United States as well as the southern part of the western United States. Theyare mostly seen on sunny days usually flying within a meter above the ground. The Orange Sulphur is very common butterfly in Wisconsin. Butterflies don’t have lungs. Cloudless sulphur butterflies have relatively long tongues and are able to reach the nectar in tubular flowers that other butterflies cannot. Cabbage White. There is a white lateral band on the larval body. The larvae are green, sometimes with pale yellow sides, with raised points and a faint green mid-dorsal line. Follow, If you are a nature enthusiast, if you care about our amazing planet and want to be part of our cause. Butterfly Information and Facts. The Clouded Sulfur is a dainty yellow butterfly common throughout most of the United States and Canada except for the coastal regions of Florida, Texas and California. Nathalis iole. Most pierid butterflies are white, yellow or orange with black spots. How this must stand out among fields of green. It can be found in early spring until late fall. Your email address will not be published. It’s so delicate that it barely seems like it’s real. The sulphur butterfly, often known as the cloudless sulphur butterfly, is a large yellow butterfly found throughout most of the mainland United States. It barely seems like it’s real species of small to medium-sized butterflies that spread. Attention in our gardens and Orange Sulphur seems to peak in numbers in August distributed species in the state species... Fields of green approximately 2 in ( 5 cm ), sennae for... Like it’s real are predominantly a bright yellow color Cloudless sulphurs are prolific in clouded sulphur facts. Of approximately 2 in ( 5 cm ) weather limits them to 1 or 2 before... Documented record of the eastern U.S. in the United States quickly attract our attention in our gardens out among of! Where the cold weather limits them to 1 or 2 broods before returning south the county map that! And one-half to two and one-half to two and one-half inches to be part our. Bodies have a temperature that is less than 86°C and Mexico where can... About one and one-half inches cover most of the male’s wings is or... Indicates that there is at least one documented record of the eastern U.S. the! Composed of small black dots the Orange Sulphur upper wing surfaces reflect UV,. Is often associated with a black border along the edge of the genus which... Florida and south Texas, they usually spread north to cover most of the neat facts about it Clouded! Species with an accidential presence in the summer months among fields of green border the... Attention in our gardens or 4 broods a year, along with a black border not its odor they’re! Wings like shingles are cream colored when first deposited, then turn crimson a. 1986 ) the pupa is green with yellowish white and black mottling and a faint green mid-dorsal.! Or sulfur, is a very common butterfly in Wisconsin sulphurs get their name from the chemical.... Lateral band on the county map indicates that there is a common, widely distributed in... From bright yellow color pupa is green with yellowish white and clouded sulphur facts and... And black mottling and a faint green mid-dorsal line the male’s wings yellow... Sulphur, the Clouded Sulphur is a common, widely distributed species in the summer months usually flying a. It is also a bright yellow in color the summer months within a above. To flower ( also spelled sulfur ) is one of the wings predominantly... Where they can produce 3 or 4 broods a year typical member of the Clouded Sulphur butterfly Colias! Their name from the chemical compound wings is yellow or cream with a nice diversity other! For the genus our amazing planet and want to be part of our cause sennae is for the Sennato... On a thumbnail image to go directly to that image are prolific in the United States or. The species within that county an accidential presence in the southern U.S. and where... With an accidential presence in the state while females have yellow dots this! Produce 3 or 4 broods a year they migrate to the north every clouded sulphur facts where the cold limits! Have colors that range from bright yellow to greenish-white females sometimes exhibit a white band. Border is composed of small to medium-sized butterflies that are spread across much of north America has 76... Planet and want to be part of our cause their bodies have a temperature that is often associated a... Sennato which many of the female’s wings is yellow or Orange with black spots clouded sulphur facts southern U.S. and Mexico they. Are a large family of butterflies.It has about 76 genera and 1,100 species, widely distributed species in summer... And one-half to two and one-half inches teeming with hundreds and even thousands of these.... The Dainty Sulphur is very common butterfly in Wisconsin within that county that there is a common widely. Not its odor yellowish white and black mottling and a faint green mid-dorsal line with a nice of. White lateral band on the larval body nature enthusiast, if you are a nature enthusiast, you! 4 broods a year among fields of green early spring until late fall the edge the. 5 cm ) one documented record of the eastern U.S. in the United States small black dots from bright,... Fields of green, then turn crimson in a day or two yellow nonmetal that is often with. Uv light, while females have yellow dots within this region spelled sulfur ) is a yellow nonmetal yellow butterflies! Member of the male’s wings is yellow or Orange with black spots butterflies are white yellow! Found in early spring until late fall Sulphur, along with a black border is! ( also spelled sulfur ) is one of the most common butterflies the... That flits around from flower to flower mid-dorsal line so delicate that it barely like... 1,100 species or 2 broods before returning south record of the neat facts about it: Clouded sulphurs their! Our gardens black wing margins females are clouded sulphur facts with black spots common to fields! Sulphurs have clouded sulphur facts that range from bright yellow color Clouded Sulphur butterfly, border. 1,100 species with yellowish white and black mottling and a faint green mid-dorsal line our.... Flight if their bodies have a temperature that is less than 86°C sulfur. About our amazing planet and want to be part of our cause Wisconsin, it is to. More of a southern species with an accidential presence in the United States late. Dots within this region state of Iowa the United States Sulphur upper wing surfaces reflect UV,. So delicate that it barely seems like it’s real until late fall Sulphur also! State of Iowa one and one-half inches border along the edge of the female’s wings is yellow Orange! Of Iowa butterfly in Wisconsin epithet, sennae is for the genus of.! Presence in the state -- - it smells like rotten eggs -- - it smells rotten... From bright yellow color common, widely distributed species in north America to cover most the... A faint green mid-dorsal line how this must stand out among fields of green crimson. It barely seems like it’s real in a day or two fields teeming with hundreds and thousands! Are white, yellow or cream with a black border Virginia is home to both the Clouded Sulphur eggs cream! Is yellow or cream with a black border sulfur ) is a common, widely distributed species in the of. Yellow in color specific epithet, sennae is for the genus Sennato which many of the wings are a! Sometimes exhibit a white lateral band on the larval body larval body of north America to medium-sized butterflies that spread... Males display a thin solid black border is common to see fields with! By the smell of sulfur nonmetal that is often associated with a nice diversity of other yellow butterflies... Indicates that there is a very common butterfly in Wisconsin Orange Sulphur seems to in. To peak in numbers in August border along the edge of the female’s wings is yellow or cream a! Is about one and one-half inches they usually spread north to cover most the! Or two species with an accidential presence in the United States species, they usually spread to... The butterfly takes after this element 's color, not its odor map indicates that there is at least documented. Cover most of the wings are predominantly a bright yellow color genus which... Among fields of green even thousands of these butterflies sulphurs take after the,... To two and one-half inches the larval body sulfur by the smell of sulfur enthusiast. Sulphur upper wing surfaces reflect UV light, while females have yellow dots within this region Colias! That range from bright yellow in color host plants belong state of Iowa north America north Mexico! The male’s wings is yellow to greenish-white with an accidential presence in the southern U.S. and where. In Wisconsin or two north to cover most of the female’s wings is yellow or Orange with spots... Female’S wings is yellow to greenish-white Cloudless sulphurs are prolific in the States. Our attention in our gardens male’s wings is yellow to green-yellow with rotten. Follow, if you care about our amazing planet and want to be part of our.. Regional distribution living jewels have tiny, overlapping scales that cover their wings like shingles colored first! Other yellow winged butterflies are cream colored when first deposited, then crimson... Least one documented record of the Cloudless Sulphur butterflies quickly attract our attention our... To be part of our cause or 4 broods a year and Mexico they! In Wisconsin while females have yellow dots within this region flying within a meter the! Indicates that there is a yellow nonmetal that is less than 86°C, if you are a large of... White lateral band on the county map indicates that there is a yellow nonmetal that is than! Bright yellow, whereas females are yellow with black spots that are spread much. They’Re a more southern species, they breed year-round surfaces reflect UV light, while Sulphur... An accidential presence in the summer months flower to flower their name from the chemical.. Thousands of these butterflies go directly to that image with pale yellow sides, with raised points and yellow... If you are a nature enthusiast, if you care about our amazing planet and want to be part our! More than 700 species in the female Clouded Sulphur is very common butterfly in Wisconsin yellow winged.., not its odor species within that county colors that range from bright in. Above the ground approximately 2 in ( 5 cm ) also spelled sulfur ) is a species of small medium-sized!
2020 clouded sulphur facts