Soja said she hopes the wildfires in Russia prompt the country to support efforts to mitigate climate change. More than 3 million acres have burned in California this year. MARTIN: So why is that happening - just because everything's so arid, it's just... MARTIN: ...It's just spreading quicker, or the winds, or all of it? Incorporating fire-resistant design features and materials in buildings. So we've got heavy winds. Download (pdf, 647 KB), Business Environmental Leadership Council, Mayors/Business Alliance for a Sustainable Future, doubled the number of large fires between 1984 and 2015, at least a 30 percent increase from 2011 in the area burned, have caused at least $1 billion in damages each, U.S. Forest Service fire suppression expenditures. This fact sheet overviews strategies …, View Details The expectation is that it will continue across the rest of this century. Effects that scientists had predicted in the past would result from global climate change are now occurring: loss of sea ice, accelerated sea level rise and longer, more intense heat waves. Wildfire has far-reaching impacts that can ripple through communities, regions, watersheds, and ecosystems. It was pretty crazy. And we can tie lots of this to changing climate, of course. MARTIN: This is a big question, but it's really the most important. I mean, did policymakers, did, you know, local leaders - did they see this coming this year? Research shows that changes in climate that create warmer, drier conditions, increased drought, and a longer fire season are boosting these increases in wildfire risk. Statistically significant at a 10% level for all regions except the Snake Plain/Columbian Plateau, Basin and Range, and Mediterranean California regions. Taken as a whole, the range of published evidence indicates that the net damage costs of climate change are likely to be significant and to increase over time. This is not - this is an apocalypse to be sure, but I think it's the norm. NOAA estimates the total costs of wildfires in 2017 and 2018 to be more than $40 billion. Alex spoke with the owner, Ty Gillett. Scientists say climate change is transforming Australia's environment, making it hotter and drier, and exposing it to longer, more intense fire seasons. It has a lot of history. Increasing resources allocated to firefighting and fire prevention. While fire activity has gotten worse in northern latitude forests, research conducted by Randerson and Morton has shown that despite climate conditions that favor fires, the number of fires in grassland and savanna ecosystems worldwide are declining, contributing to an overall decline in global burned area. LEVINSON: Well, some cities in northwest - in the northwest part of Clackamas County are - they're really Portland suburbs in places, and a lot of people commute into the city from some of the smaller towns in Clackamas County. The authoritative record of NPR’s programming is the audio record. We've cut down a lot of trees. A friend outside San Francisco told me it feels like the apocalypse. Thank you. That seems to be the state of mind that I found most of the people I've interviewed so far. You know, the photographs - and I've taken my share of this dystopic imagery - we call that summer, right? They know the fire is getting close to their homes. And that's what we're seeing. I barely made it out of there. They leave behind long-lasting changes on the ground, and those changes also have effects on the climate.Over the course of several decades after a big fire, emissions from decomposing dead wood often surpass by far the direct emissions from the fire itself. CAL FIRE's Climate & Energy Program The increase of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere is contributing to global warming and other climate changes. INSKEEP: Two hundred eighty miles south of there, near Fresno, California's Creek Fire grew to more than 175,000 acres on Thursday. So it isn't just that human beings are helping to drive climate change with our emissions of one form or another. And we don't have massive fires. Communities, builders, homeowners, and forest managers can reduce the likelihood and impacts of wildfires by: Discouraging developments (especially residential) near fire-prone forests through smart zoning rules. Studies of the effects of climate change on forests have focused mainly on projected changes in temperature and precipitation, and some attention to the effects of drought. Cities are uniquely sensitive to many impacts, especially extreme weather impacts. MARTIN: Char Miller - he is the director of environmental analysis at Pomona College in Claremont, Calif. The impacts of climate change on fire regimes will not be consistent across the boreal region with some areas experiencing greater change than others. This …, View Details Methods And one of the ways you can see this is in housing. She and her husband had to evacuate their home in nearby Molalla. HALL: I said, Ty, this is Alex Hall, the reporter from KQED who interviewed you yesterday. We're going to get the bigger picture now from Char Miller. NPR's Rachel Martin talks to Char Miller, Director of Environmental Analysis at Pomona College about the the fires and climate change. It's called Cressman's. ARMANDO MENDOZA: I got caught in a fire. I am so, so sorry to hear about your business. MILLER: Yeah. 1. Let's just call it the fire zone. Between Wednesday and Thursday, it came about 10 miles closer. Something worse is unfolding across the West. NANCY PRICE: The thing that's bothering me the most is we don't know what's going on, how soon we can get back in to see - just to know if we have a home. Warmer, drier conditions also contribute to the spread of the mountain pine beetle and other insects that can weaken or kill trees, building up the fuels in a forest. However, droughts and fire, resulting partially from deforestation and fragmentation and partially from global climate patterns threaten to create a “dieback” scenario where the forest no longer functions as a carbon sink. At least four people have been killed so far in the state. Land use and forest management do affect wildfire risk. MARTIN: Can you say whether this is just the norm now? Climate change may threaten people's jobs and livelihoods. MARTIN: Now let's go to Oregon, where the wildfires have now forced about 500,000 people from their homes. Climate change is expected to alter the frequency and severity of atmospheric conditions conducive for wildfires. MILLER: So if you think about those numbers, that means lots of people have moved into what we call the wildland-urban interface, which is awful. LEVINSON: So I spent the past two days in Clackamas County. Once a fire starts—more than 80 percent of U.S. wildfires are caused by people—warmer temperatures and drier conditions can help fires spread and make them harder to put out. MARTIN: All right. Removing fuels, such as dead trees, from forests that are at risk. For some, it can seem like the world is on fire. MARTIN: Right. In Russia, the wildfires are believed caused by a warming climate that made the current summer the hottest on record. The hotter weather increases the incidence of lightning, the major cause of naturally occurring biomass burning. It's a mix of rural and suburban communities. Climate change has been a key factor in increasing the risk and extent of wildfires in the Western United States. And, you know, people were tense. In southern Oregon alone, an estimated 1,000 to 2,000 homes have been lost. You get the things out that you can't replace. Climate change and a "thirsty atmosphere" will bring more extreme wildfire danger and multi-year droughts to Nevada and California by the end … The 2017 wildfire season was well above average, with deadly fires in California and throughout the West, including Montana, Oregon, and Washington state. Increasing the space between structures and nearby trees and brush, and clearing space between neighboring houses. HALL: He was in the moment, you know, where you have to respond right now. They don't know what they're going back to. Ice is melting worldwide, especially at the Earth’s poles. These disturbances can reduce forest productivity and change the distribution of tree species. Download (pdf, 633 KB), Climate change is contributing to more frequent, severe, and longer heat waves during summer months across the United Sates. In these cases, the new species of vegetation that colonize the area create a new type of forest. She saw photos of a pile of smoldering rubble and she sent Gillett a text. Accuracy and availability may vary. (SOUNDBITE OF SLEEP DEALER'S "THE WAY HOME"). MILLER: All of it. This graphic from the Fourth National Climate Assessment shows the growth in large wildfires throughout the West. How Climate Change Affects Wildfires Wildfires have burned in six states on the west coast. We're also driving the destruction that we're now seeing because we've moved into areas that historically have burned. That's almost double what burns in an average fire season. Human-induced climate change promotes the conditions on which wildfires depend, increasing their likelihood -- according to a review of research on global climate change and wildfire risk. ALEX HALL, BYLINE: And I came to a general store and gas station that's been here for well over a hundred years. The number of heatwaves observed in 2011 and 2012 were triple the long-term average, and require planning for economic, health and …, View Details and life as a result of climate change Concerted global action is needed to enable developing countries to adapt to the effects of climate change that are happening now and will worsen in the future. The black lines are fitted trend lines. It's not a normal fire season. She's 69. And my buddies were behind me. There is a strong connection between climate change and wildfires. They're on motorcycles. I got caught in the middle of the Bear Fire. The decline is due to an increased human presence creating new cropland and roads that serve as fire breaks and motivate the local population to fight these smaller fires… Many also think of the larger implications of climate change. But as a result, then, I mean, have people been able to predict this? 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2020 climate change impacts on fire