Such conflicts reflect the multifaceted issue of learner diversity, encompassing racial, class, gender, religious, linguistic, physical and other differences. – Schiffman (1998, 364) South Africa’s constitution, which entrenches of ficial status to 11 languages, is widely acknowledged as exemplary. The Bill of Rights. The National Curriculum Statement Grades R-12 is sensitive to issues of diversity such as poverty, inequality, race, gender, language, age, disability and other factors; 0 We concur with Docrat and Kaschula (2015) that while South Africa’s education system has re-developed its focus toward helping graduates achieve a global, multicultural competitiveness – in some ways, a natural result of South Africa’s diverse population. 18 0 obj <> endobj The South African Constitution is described as a ‘transformative’ document. The education system and educational policy played a key role in South Africa not least in combating the apartheid regime. International law shows that persons belonging to linguistic minorities are entitled not only to protection against discrimination based on the language they speak, that is, formal equality, but also to positive state action in order to ensure their substantive equality. The Bantu Education Act (1953) stipulated that black learners should receive mother-tongue teaching in lower and higher primary grades with transition to English and Afrikaans thereafter. A little over a century later, the Dutch East India Company set up a refreshment station at the Cape for ships and slaves toing and froing from Asia. lies in education, with the languages used in teaching in schools. (1) Everyone has the right— (a) to a basic education, including adult basic education; and (b) to further education, which the state, through reasonable measures, must make progressively available and accessible. 0000007819 00000 n On another level, there are linguistic tensions between the ethnic Europeans and the black majority, mostly in regard to language instruction in schools. The Constitution is the highest law in the country and it was adopted to heal the divisions of the past and establish a society based on democratic values, social justice and fundamental human rights. The need to handle such differences in equitable ways poses new challenges for teachers and teacher education. A theoretical approach towards constructivism, realism and students’ wellbeing via academic literacy practices, The Subsidiarity-principle in language planning and policy in South African universities: A comparative analysis, Bantu languages in education in South Africa: an overview. Education - Education - South Africa: From the time of the first white settlements in South Africa, the Protestant emphasis on home Bible reading ensured that basic literacy would be achieved in the family. There are over 400 public special needs schools in South Africa. In order to ensure the effective access to, and implementation of, this right, the state must consider all reasonable educational alternatives, including single medium institutions, taking into account ­ they are in contradiction to the Language in Education Policy of South Africa, as well as the Language Policy for Higher Education. The Constitution guarantees that everyone in South Africa has the right to a According to the education policy, Kinyarwanda must be a language of instruction in the lower primary school; this is the first three years of elementary level. One of the saddest "highlights" in protesting against the regime was the Soweto uprising in 1976 also known as the students' protest. You are currently offline. South Africa is a multi-lingual society that has some unique linguistic problems because of its policy of apartheid. The increasingly insatiable imperial appetite of the British meant they were never going to be far behind. In a 1953 landmark publication, UNESCO underscored the importance of educating children in their mother-tongue (UNESCO, 1953). The Commission was inaugurated on 02 October 1995 under the Human Rights Commission Act 54 of 1994 and as provided for by the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa Act 200 of 1993. Education in South Africa is governed by two national departments, namely the department of Basic Education (DBE), which is responsible for primary and secondary schools, and the department of Higher Education and Training (DHET), which is responsible for tertiary education and vocational training. Realisation of multilingual education as a right has remained a controversial issue in South Africa. Education in South Africa: Homeschooling One of the perennial issues that arises when discussing South African education is our complex language policy. This paper is on mothertongue education and the South African (SA) Language Policy which was introduced after 1994 when South Africa became a democratic country. This is despite the Constitutional and legislative frameworks that support multilingual education. While the controversy undermines linguistic diversity in educational institutions in general, as suggested by the exclusion of African languages in the curriculum in some primary schools, it is in the curriculum of most institutions of higher learning where this linguistic diversity is undermined…, Democracy and Multilingualism in South African Primary Education: Implications for Early Literacy Development, Students’ Voices on How Indigenous Languages Are Disfavoured in South African Higher Education, Language learning and teaching in South African primary schools, Attitudes towards English as a Medium of Instruction in Malawian Universities, The language question at a historically Afrikaans university: Access and social justice issues, Language in Malawian universities : an investigation into language use and language attitudes amongst students and staff, Transitioning from a local language to English as a medium of instruction: Rwandan teachers’ and classroom-based perspectives, Editorial: On critique, dissensus and human rights literacies, Friends or foes?
2020 language rights in education in south africa