Both Anti-oppressive practice and values are embodied in the BASW code of ethics (BASW, 2012). Thus, this study seeks to explore how social workers reconcile ethical dilemmas that arise when working with victims of domestic violence. On the other hand ethics refers to the study and analysis of right or wrong and good or bad in social work practice. The codes of practice state that as a social worker, you must uphold public trust and confidence in social care services (CCW, 2002, 5). In modern day society social workers have to work as part of a multi-disciplinary team and at the core of this is information sharing so that everyone is responsible for the health and welfare of service users. A template for analyzing ethical dilemmas in discharge planning. The rule or law is correct and is determined by the amount of good that is generated when the rule is followed. COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. (1999). Social workers rely on traditional values of confidentiality, acceptance and user self-determination while being non-judgemental in order to gain the trust of service users. Although at the time he felt unable to question the consultants and trusted that the hospital was the best place to pick up on any serious physical problems (BASW, 2002, 2.2,4). The worker has spoken with the woman explaining the risks and implications of her actions. While dealing with such ethical dilemmas social workers have to be aware of their own personal values and make sure that they do not influence the decisions that they make and while we may not always choose the options given for ourselves it does not mean that they are wrong (Bowles, 2006). Kantian principles are individualisation, purposeful expression of feelings, controlled emotional involvement, acceptance, non-judgemental attitude, service user self-determination and confidentiality (Shardlow, 2002).  |  1987 Winter;12(1):47-56. doi: 10.1093/hsw/12.1.47. VAT Registration No: 842417633. Social workers have a duty to support service users’ rights to control their lives and make informed choices about the services they receive, whilst respecting diversity and their different cultures and values (CCW,2002, 1.3, 1.6). 1990 Aug;15(3):228-34. doi: 10.1093/hsw/15.3.228. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a university student. Normative ethics endeavours to answer moral questions, such as what is the right action to take in a particular situation or what is the right direction to take? She also has to make her aware of the consequences of her actions that she could have her child removed or face imprisonment. Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. Although Kantianism is primarily focused on the sense of people’s duty, critics have argued that the perspective gives no allowance for compassion and sympathy to motivate people’s actions. These values are derived from our culture and social norms and can change over time and across cultures. Health Soc Work. Company Registration No: 4964706. Part 1 In the clinical settings we often encounter sensitive issues such as informed consent, truth telling, confidentiality, end of life care and patients right.  |  While the counsellor is not a social worker she would still have to abide by the rules of confidentiality and this would have been explained to the woman at the beginning of the counselling sessions (CCW, 2002, 2.3 & BASW,2.3,5). Therefore confidentiality can be broken when it is considered the information puts either the client or others at harm. Below is an example of when a social work student crossed these boundaries. In some cases, … While the foster-carer is not a professional and does not have to abide by the COP she is guided by a moral code of ethics. During her placement the social work student meets the children’s father in a night club and starts a relationship with him. The ethical dilemma that the Social Worker faces is, executing the required job duties successfully with complete sincerity and without any concern that there is a possibility the information reported could impact the livelihoods of the future families because the child(ren) was born on welfare. Postmodernist believe that there is no single truth and that ethics have no relevance in today’s society, as they do not replicate the numerous realities of the same society, and ignore peoples individual perspectives and interpretation. Values are socially constructed moral codes that guide and control our actions within the social world (IFSW). One of the workers on the Asian Women’s Project she has recently joined to help with her feelings of isolation has discovered this. Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: The findings also implied that in order to gain more power and be accepted as equal partners in multidisciplinary teams, hospital social workers should improve their communication skills when interacting with representatives of other heath care professions. Social workers face ethical dilemmas on a daily basis, Banks illustrates this in her quotation ‘ethical dilemmas occur when the social worker sees herself as facing a choice between two equally unwelcoming alternatives, which may involve a conflict of moral values, and it is not clear which choice will be the right one’ (Banks 2006:13). Did he have a moral responsibility to question the diagnosis? 1st Jan 1970 Social Work Meta-ethics seeks to understand the nature of morality, moral judgements and moral terms such as ‘good’, ‘bad’ and ‘duty’. Think about what ethical standard of the NASW code of ethics applies, as well as relevant laws & case decisions Hypothesize about possible consequences of different decisions Identify who will benefit and who will be harmed in a social work’s commitment to the most vulnerable Consult with supervisor and colleagues about the most ethical choice The foster-carer is a part of a team and a member of a child care agency so there would be employer’s policies and procedure that would have guided this ethical dilemma. If you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional essay writing service is here to help! These are a set of moral principles used to set standards which regulates the social work profession. Through provocative case studies, Ethical Dilemmas in Social Service introduces social work professionals to a wide range of complex and controversial concerns in ethical theory and practice. Looking for a flexible role? 2008;46(3):29-51. doi: 10.1300/J010v46n03_02. Ethical Issues Create Slippery Slopes. When you find yourself faced with an unethical situation or leader, think about what you value most as an individual and as a professional to guide your response. Furthermore social workers must promote the independence of the service user this is done by identifying and providing information and support enabling her to make informed choices. When you integrate perspectives, your ability to problem solve improves. Oppression often involves disregarding the rights of an individual or group and this is a denial of citizenship. resolving ethical dilemmas in social work practice Oct 06, 2020 Posted By Anne Rice Ltd TEXT ID 05085575 Online PDF Ebook Epub Library workers must often act quickly and effectively in the face of difficult moral dilemmas especially when the results can have a … How can you, as a busy practitioner or social work student, find the ti… How we interpret the law is influenced by our values and ethical principles (Banks, 1995). This is often attached to a hierarchy of power where the social worker felt the consultant was in a higher position and had more medical knowledge so was better equipped to make the decision. Has been locking up her children in the house and going out for help or a break. Brescia University’s online social work degree programs can help, providing the necessary training for individuals who choose to pursue careers where they can assist those in need. The rule of law and the principle of legality. Code of Ethics. Download file to see previous pages In summary, the essay could be said to be about budget cutting, the duty of social workers in meeting the standards of service users although the equipment ordering does not. Situations arise in social work that involve ethical dilemmas. The second section, "Purpose of the NASW Code of Ethics," provides an overview of the Code's main functions and a brief guide for dealing with ethical issues or dilemmas in social work practice. Part of the challenge is social work’s unique quality … All work is written to order. Process of resolving an ethical dilemma in administration. The third section, "Ethical Principles," presents broad ethical principles, based on social work's core values, that inform social work practice. In many cases, the nurse or social worker is in a position to advocate for her patient or client because that person cannot speak for himself. Therefore social workers need to maintain and improve their knowledge and skills in order to protect the learning and development of others (CCW, 2002, 6.8). Utilitarianism is a form of consequentialism where the rightness of an action is determined by its consequences. Mattison, M. (2000). The social worker also has a responsibility to the unborn child. Ethics often stretches us and moves us to think beyond 01-May-4850.qxd 1/16/2006 11:38 AM Page 1 However, this is rarely the case. While showing tolerance and doing nothing brings us back to the central tenents of ethical social work. Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. Does ethics education influence the moral action of practicing nurses and social workers? It is also a way of linking our lived experience with the categories of the relations of ruling (Parrot, 2006). Also social workers should maintain clear, impartial and accurate records and provision of evidence to support professional judgements. Not all ethical breaches are as dramatic as those that make headlines, but all ethical violations are wrong nonetheless. The Kenyan context is documented, including the challenges faced in social work education and practice in Kenya. You can view samples of our professional work here. A social worker who has been involved in admitting a woman to hospital for 28 days under the Mental Health Act starts to notice deterioration in her physical health. NIH The social worker must be prepared to explain and justify their actions and be open to scrutiny if they are to work in a professional manner (Clark, 2005). Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of Health Soc Work. As in the above examples its does not provide the answer to ‘Is it the social worker’s duty to inform the police if they discover that the service user has committed a crime? ... To address this, the country does indeed have an ethics and anti-corruption commission, however, it lacks the powers to arrest or conduct trials making it rather a toothless tiger. Health Soc Work. In an ethical dilemma, any of the possible actions or responses the social worker can make inevitably requires the breaching or compromise of a least one ethical principle. National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error. The woman is aware that the practice is illegal and that she would have to go to a ‘backyard’ operator in her community to have it done. The woman explains that she was also a subjected to ‘Female genital mutilation’ (FGM) in her country of origin. The social worker did not inform her employers of this relationship. Through a snowball sample of convenience, two groups comprised of 5 to 8 Master’s level social workers were invited to participate in a focus group. If you have a client that you continually use your traditional method, there is risk of allowing superficial talk. (BASW, 2002, 3.1, 3.2). A randomized controlled trial in Kenya sparks concerns about whether marginalized communities lost access to water for the sake of an experiment. They occur when a specific situation calls for the worker to prioritize one ethical principle over another or if one’s personal values come into conflict with the best practices outlined by our profession. There are three main types of utilitarianism act, rule and preference. However the social work context uses values to mean a set of fundamental moral/ethical principles by which social workers show commitment. Am J Bioeth. HHS The most important thing for social workers to remember when dealing with ethical dilemmas is to use the supports they have in place to keep themselves from having to act alone! The counsellor should also explain the penalties for breaking the law including the law on child abuse. 10 ethical issues confronting IT managers by Guest Contributor in Security on August 15, 2006, 12:00 AM PST Should employees be told to what extent their behavior is monitored? To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! Ethical dilemmas leave social workers using careful consideration to choose between two unwelcome alternatives relating to human welfare (Banks, 1995). Omitting cultural diversity and reinforcing the oppressive and dominant voices of the most powerful. *You can also browse our support articles here >. What is/are the ethical dilemma(s) facing the social worker? However many believe that misuse of codes can be dangerous and cause unethical actions in particular in Western Australia in 1991 emergency foster care was sought for a 4 year-old girl while her mother was in hospital. The ability to analyse a situation and make the best decision is a critical skill which involves recognising our beliefs and behaviours and how they influence our ideas and actions. Grady C, Danis M, Soeken KL, O'Donnell P, Taylor C, Farrar A, Ulrich CM. Participants of the study had quite a clear perception of their role and of the unique knowledge-base social work can offer, including knowledge of the individual and family life course, understanding and skills in coping with diseases, and systems thinking. discomfort”, discuss Anderson’s views of the study of ethical dilemmas encountered by social workers-in-training and the two ethical issues arising from the subjective evidence which were lack of confidentiality and allowing self determination to come into play even when it may be difficult and painful for the client (Dodd, 2007). This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Below are further examples of some of the ethical dilemmas that social workers face every day: An Asian woman with 5 children under the age of 6 years, who has fled a violent husband but still gets harasses by him. The social worker can prevent the harm to the mother by making her aware of the law regarding FGM which is illegal in this country, which is why no hospital will perform it. Refute the paradox (dilemma): The situation must be carefully analyzed. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Parrott (2006) describes Anti-oppressive practice (AOP) as ‘a general value orientation towards countering oppression experienced by service users on such grounds as race, gender and culture.’ AOP are also values of working in partnership and empowerment. All of these are open to interpretation and will mean different things to different people, which is why social work codes should be referred to. What are evident from the above examples are the complex issues that face social workers in their everyday practice. 2000;30(4):25-44. doi: 10.1300/J010v30n04_03. Social Issues Facing Kenya is a land endowed with many advantages and opportunities. Act takes into account the individual circumstances, maintaining that the action is good if it generates the best possible outcome in a particular situation. A social work student is allocated to the case of two children siblings who live with their parents. When working with ethical dilemmas social workers have to understand the origins of these values and codes. (BASW, 2002, 2.1,4, 2.2,5). Values and ethics are a combination of thoughts and feelings which are used to weigh up the pros and cons of an argument and help make an ethical decision. A good social worker needs to be aware of the societal and professional values underlying his or her work so as to empower individuals, families and communities. Ethical dilemmas leave social workers using careful consideration to choose between two unwelcome alternatives relating to human welfare (Banks, 1995). Whether individuals are consciously aware of them or not, every individual has a core set of values and ethics. Copyright © 2003 - 2020 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. Social work values are based on the principal of “respect for persons” which comes from the Deontological approach of German philosopher Immanuel Kant (1724-1804). Social work influence on interdisciplinary ethical decision making in health care settings. For example to what degree are the public society responsible for an individual’s situation and how much responsibility should an individual take for their own situation. If ethics were easy and straightforward in our organizations, there would be no need for books such as this one. Furthermore they are rarely used when making ethical decisions so they are considered irrelevant (Bowles, 2006). Health Soc Work. The biggest challenge of ethical dilemma is that it does not offer an obvious solution that would comply with ethical norms. As with any dilemmas guidance and support should be discussed with the social workers manager. The social worker felt that the deterioration in her physical health was due to the medication she received. An ethical dilemma is a conflict of moral principles, occurring when a person is faced in certain situations, where adhering particularly principal might result in the violation of the other (, 2014). However the woman has continued to leave the children unattended. Get the latest public health information from CDC: The worker eventually informed social services as she felt the welfare of the children was paramount and she had repeatedly discussed the risks and implications of her behaviour including the British Laws and her responsibilities as a social care worker (CCW,2002, 3.2 & 3.8). Findings revealed that while ethical decision-making in hospitals is an interdisciplinary process, social workers' contribution to the process is affected by rivalry between social workers and other members of the health team, personality differences, type of ward and the nature of the ethical dilemma. No plagiarism, guaranteed! Throughout the history of humanity, people always faced ethical dilemmas, and philosophers aimed and worked to find solutions to the problems. Common ethical dilemma examples in social work are similar to the ethical dilemma examples in nursing. 1997 May;22(2):101-8. doi: 10.1093/hsw/22.2.101. Social work’s professional values, as described in the British Association of Social Workers (BASW) code of ethics (COE), including respect for all person’s including service users belief’s values, culture, goals, needs and preferences, relationships and affiliations, and a commitment to social justice, including the fair and equitable distribution of resources to meet basic needs. These offer a general guidance and as yet carry no sanctions if broken (Shardlow, 2002). Although his history was known by the youth’s previous foster carers and 4 days after the girl was placed she died from being raped by the youth (Bowles, 2006, p.78). Study for free with our range of university lectures! Today we’ll explore some more common situations faced by social workers in practice. Once informed consent letters were signed and collected, Integrating perspectives keeps you conscientious of the words, phrases, and implications of your client. When codes are not adhered to there can be serious repercussions involved for all (CCW, 2002). Protect the rights and promote the interests of service users and carers the codes are as follows: Strive to establish and maintain the trust and confidence of service users and carers, Promote the independence of service users while protecting them as far as possible from danger or harm, Respect the rights of service users whilst seeking to ensure that their behaviour does not harm themselves or other people, Uphold public trust and confidence in social care services, Be accountable for the quality of our work and take responsibility for maintaining and improving our knowledge and skills. While moral judgements promote the satisfaction of human needs and happiness and apply to all people in similar circumstances. This poster features three types of ethical dilemmas that arise in youth work, including situations where a young person violates a program norm, engages in illicit or risky behavior, and situations that represented incongruent values between youth worker and the young people or 1989 Feb;14(1):22-30. doi: 10.1093/hsw/14.1.22. The codes do however outline how social workers should work and interact with service users. The social work role is about empowering the user by providing the service user with the information, resources and support they need to make an informed choice and be prepared to accept the consequences. Values have a variety of meanings referring to one or all of moral, political or ideological principles, religious, beliefs or attitudes. Predictors of ethical stress, moral action and job satisfaction in health care social workers. Ethical Dilemmas: Case #1 A. 2.2.1 Values and ethics and the social work identity 30 2.2.2 Social work education and ethics 35 2.2.3 Value-based evaluation of social work practice 37 2.2.4 Fundamental ethical issues and dilemmas in social work 38 2.2.5 Ethical decision-making in social work 43 2.2.6 Ethical decision-making in health care settings 48 2.2.7 Summary 51 This essay will look at how social workers address ethical dilemmas in their work with service users and carers. Furthermore, Kantian has a lack of guidelines when dealing with conflicting requirements. Factors of culture, religion and many more affect our beliefs and ethics. Ethics are generally distinguished in three different ways by philosophy, meta-ethics, normative ethics and descriptive ethics. She even left the children stay at her home while the mother was in hospital. According to Banks (2001, p.6) values are “particular types of belief that people hold about what is regarded as worthy or valuable, values “determine what a person thinks he ought to do”. The worker of a non-government agency placed the girl in an approved foster home which they frequently used. Soc Work Health Care. These conflicts are called ethical dilemmas. Ethical decision-making: The person in the process. While the social worker acted within the law and according to agency rules. The social worker has access to confidential information about the family which was given to her by the mother who herself is a vulnerable adult. Social workers have a responsibility to maintain the trust and confidence of service users and carers by respecting confidential information and explaining agency policies around confidentiality (CCW, 2002, 2.3). Taking into account their own personal values and being aware of how these could influence their decisions. The worker felt the dilemma was due to the view that generally social services and other agencies have often been insensitive the holistic wellbeing of the Asian women and fail to take into account their life experiences, religious and cultural background (Banks,2012.p.156). However it would be more beneficial to engage the young woman with other’s from her community who are endeavouring to break out of traditional roles who can provide her with support. Reamer illuminates the ethical concerns involved in working with individuals and families and the design and implementation of social welfare programs and policies. Like most mental health and social services providers, social workers face a number of legal and ethical issues throughout their careers. While resources are available to help social workers facing ethical dilemmas, education is the best way to prepare for these common situations. Above all the social worker must remain non-judgemental, and stay focused on the task ahead while upholding public trust in social care services. This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service. However in hindsight the social worker felt that he should have questioned the treatment before renewing the section for six months. The moral action is right if it produces a satisfaction of each person’s individual desires or preference (Banks,2001). A List of Ethical Dilemmas Facing Social Work. This can lead to domineering and coercive practices where social workers dealing with marginalised groups or cultures can mistake their emotional reactions for firm moral truths (Bowles, 2006). Many believe that ethical dilemmas in social work may be related to ideological issues. Descriptive ethics examines how individual’s moral opinions and beliefs reflect their behaviour and attitudes towards it (Bowles, 2006). However there needs to be distinctions on how to apply social work values and ethics into their professional work, without causing personal conflict. Kant’s moral philosophy has been influential in the values and ethics of social work, in particular respect for people and self- determination. This illustrates the issues that arise when prioritising confidentiality over client safety and welfare when applied out of context. (Banks, 1995, p.150). Ethical dilemmas in discharge planning for patients with Alzheimer's disease. Free resources to assist you with your university studies! In addition social workers must inform their employer or the appropriate authority about any personal difficulties that might affect their ability to do their job competently and safely. Thirty-two hospital social workers, fourteen of them directors of social work services and eighteen direct practitioners, were interviewed about their perception of the factors influencing social workers' contribution to the resolution of ethical dilemmas in general hospitals in Israel. Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? These philosophical underpinnings are a major influence in the social care profession. Having choices does not make the decision any easier and social workers have to take responsibility and accountability for the outcomes of any decisions they make. Ethical Dilemmas in the DOE Assignment #1 Abstract In every profession: we as the professionals are faced with ethical dilemmas. (Shardlow, 2002). Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. NLM By far, the following approaches to solve an ethical dilemma were deduced: 1. The social worker who approved the foster home for the youth and foster carers were unaware of the youth’s sex offending history. Values and ethics start to develop from birth and are mainly developed by major influences in an individual life. As the above examples show the contents of the codes of practice are very general and therefore provide little help to social workers or service users when determining how social workers behave towards client. Findings revealed that while ethical decision-making in hospitals is an interdisciplinary process, social workers' contribution to the process is affected by rivalry between social workers and other members of the health team, personality differences, type of ward and the nature of the ethical dilemma. Social workers are often seen as agents of social control. In both fields, highly trained professionals work directly with vulnerable populations. Decisions are made by conducting investigations with both the legal and moral rights of all parties involved being taken into account. Types of Ethical Dilemmas, Administrative Discretion, Corruption, Administrative Secrecy, Nepotism, Information leaks, Public Accountability and Policy dilemmas. The relationship with the father is compromising her judgement, and the relationship between service users and social workers is about meeting the needs of the client not their own needs. In order to increase their influence in ethical decision-making, the hospital social workers felt they must put more effort into developing their relationships with the other professionals involved in ethical decision-making both by making themselves more indispensable and by making their contribution explicit through greater documentation of their activities. Brief notes on ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions. The woman then dies from pneumonia. Preference is one of the more popular forms of utilitarianism it takes into account people’s preferences. The ethical dilemmas that social workers encounter in practice can be placed Into three broad categories: direct service to individuals and families, design and implementation of social welfare policy and programs, and relationships among professional colleagues. The home also had another young foster child and a 4 year-old grandchild of the foster family. Values and ethics are one of the most important characteristic of an individual the fundamentals define who we are and what we believe (Banks, 2001). At the core of this is what service users expect of social workers a relationship that is built on trust, being open and honest with each other and achieved by communicating in a clear way that service users understand (Care Council for Wales, 2002, 2.1 & 2.2) as well as committed, reliable and punctual. Social work codes set out an expected code of conduct that social workers have to comply with in order to gain the trust of the public so that service users are informed of what they can expect from their social workers. The COP form part of the wider package of legislation, practice standards and employers policies that social care workers must meet.
2020 ethical dilemmas faced by social workers in kenya