Size: Small Medium Large Exposure/ Light Requirements: Full Shade Full Sun Partial Sun/Shade Pests and Problems: Environmental Damage. American Cranberrybush Viburnum: Hardiness Zone: 3-7S/8W: Exposure: Sun to Part Shade: Find your zone? Habitat. The presence of these predatory insects helps protect American Cranberrybush from foraging caterpillars. Compact American Cranberrybush, Viburnum trilobum 'Alfredo', is a deciduous shrub with bright green foliage. Dr. Catherine Woodward explains the botanical characters for identifying American highbush cranberry, also called American cranberrybush. Sie ist in Nordamerika weit verbreitet und kann als Wildobst verwendet werden. Cultivars are plants produced in cultivation by selective breeding or via vegetative propagation from wild plants identified to have desirable traits.\"Bailey Compact American Cranberry-bush viburnum (Viburnum opulus var. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. The minor differences boil down to minutia of leaf shape and the shape of a very small gland near the base of the leaf. The content of this blog is copyrighted. It is in flower in June, and the seeds ripen from July to September. 1 for $29.00 total 2 for $56.00 total 3 for $81.00 total Need more quantities? The American Cranberrybush Viburnum Grows in zones 2 - 7. The two varieties can easily be confused. Of course, we have already had a few hard freezes, followed by warm-ups. The easiest way to tell the difference is leaf shape. Mature Height/spread: 6-15 ft high/ 8-10 ft. wide. Growth Speed. Ants, wasps, even some flies are potential security guards that are paid for their presence with nectar from these glands, with the potential for a bonus: as many caterpillars as they can find. By late June, developing fruit replaces successfully pollinated flowers, ripening as the summer goes on. Enjoy those cranberries! Learn how your comment data is processed. Many of the small fertile flowers in the center of the inflorescences are in bloom, in addition to the sterile flowers around the perimeter. americanum Ait., or as a subspecies, Viburnum opulus subsp. Dieback/Canker (Nectria spp., Phomopsis spp., Botryosphaeria spp., Tubercularia spp., Phytophthora spp.) americanum Aiton – American cranberrybush Subordinate Taxa. Thank you. 2005. The USDA also shows it in one county in New Mexico. Such delightful photos! White flowers resembling lace-cap hydrangeas bloom in spring and are followed by abundant red fruit loved by birds. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Happy Thanksgiving,Mary Anne! It is often called American cranberry bush in order to distinguish it from the similar European cranberry bush, Viburnum opulus. trilobum (Marshall) Clausen. Good luck with your new Cranberrybush! Viburnum opulus L. var. Der Amerikanische Schneeball (Viburnum opulus subsp. Out of curiosity I trekked back to see if it had any berries left.  It is very closely related to the European and Asian Viburnum opulus, and is often treated as a variety of it, as Viburnum opulus L. var. American Cranberrybush gets its common name from the color of its bright red fruit, which does resemble the cranberries so often used to make holiday side dishes or to garnish a salad. Expand. This plant has no children Legal Status. opulus) and designated Viburnum opulus var. a deciduous shrub; dense, rounded crown; 8' to 12' tall equal spread; medium texture; moderate growth rate; Summer Foliage . 8' - 12' Mature Spread. Thank you for the greater appreciation you’ve given me for the American Cranberry bush. Drought Drowning and Edema Fungal Disease. Add to Wishlist. Then gradually, the fertile flowers open for business, enticing pollinators to visit, including many flies, bees and beetles, all important pollinators. Scientific Name. “This plant is a cultivar of a species that is native to the Chicago Region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. It's current Latin name, Viburnum opulus L. var. The leaf buds are green. Hardy being that it is a low maintenance shrub that will take care of itself once it is established. Ants drink nectar and eat caterpillars and other insects. American Cranberry scientifically known as Viburnum trilobum is a species of Viburnum native to northern North America, from Newfoundland west to British Columbia, south to Washington state and east to northern Virginia. Your posts really are the best. A Guide to Wildflowers in Winter. The flowers are white, produced in corymbs up to 13 cm (5 in) in diameter at the top of the stems; each corymb comprises a ring of outer sterile flowers 2–2.5 cm (3⁄4–1 in) diameter with conspicuous petals, surrounding a center of small (5 mm, 0.20 in), fertile flowers; the flowers are pollinated by insects. americanum) has tart, acid fruit that is best served in jellies, jams, sauces and relishes. Thank you so much for all this excellent information! American Cranberrybush Viburnum, American Cranberrybush Caprifoliaceae. The American Cranberry Bush (also known as V. trilobum) is a variety of the European Cranberry Bush. Soil / Climate: Grows most often in moist areas or roadside ditches, but can also thrive in dryer, sunny areas. Happy thanksgiving, Patricia! The name pembina was then applied to three rivers, one in Manitoba and North Dakota, one in Ontario, and one in Alberta. Lookup. The stems arch and are very dense, and the twigs are a reddish-brown color. americanum. A few years back we purchased one through our nature conservancy as an additional food source for our songbirds. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. The highbush cranberry is actually not a cranberry at all, though its fruit strongly (somewhat) resemble cranberries. They are dense shrubs because of close branching. Robins, Bluebirds, Hermit Thrush, Cedar Waxwings, grouse and many more birds eat American Cranberrybush fruit. The name comes from the red fruits which look superficially like cranberries, and have a similar flavor and ripen at the same time of year. I think there is a plant growing in my backyard. It’s good to hear from you, especially in these uncertain times. The leaves are opposite, 3-lobed maple- like leaves and from 2 to 5 inches long. americanum Aiton. Lacy clusters of white blooms put on a spring show against a backdrop of maple-like leaves. 1995. Acidic, Loamy, Moist, Rich, Sandy, Silty Loam, Well Drained, Wet. Plants begin to produce fruit at approximately five years of age; when animals, including birds, eat the fruits, they deposit the seeds in another location in their droppings. The best way to tell the two apart is by their extra-floral nectaries. When leaves aren’t present, like now, you should be able to tell by the hairiness on the branches of Linden Viburnum, absent on American Cranberrybush. 1977. It’s amazing all of the links between plants and animals, and fungi, too. Shape. American Cranberrybush is a variety of a look-alike shrub, European Cranberrybush (Viburnum opulus) which is of European origin and can become invasive in North America. Viburnum trilobum (American Cranberrybush) Seeds. Viburnum trilobum (cranberrybush viburnum, American cranberrybush, high bush cranberry, or highbush cranberry) is a species of Viburnum native to northern North America, from Newfoundland west to British Columbia, south to Washington state and east to northern Virginia. Viburnum trilobum is a deciduous Shrub growing to 3 m (9ft 10in) at a medium rate. The Canadian French name for the berries is pembina. Bailey Compact American Cranberrybush. After dinner last night I had a wonderful conversation about our newly acquired naturalpool, area and all the wildlife on our property. The plants are multi-stemmed but do not form thickets by spreading. Cech, Rick; Tudor, Guy. Soil Preference . 8' - 12' Shipping Height. Hummingbird Clearwing and several other moth species also use this and other viburnums as food for their caterpillars. American Cranberrybush have leaves with three lobes, much like Red Maple (Acer rubrum), Linden Viburnum leaves don’t have lobes, they resemble Arrowwood Viburnum leaves. Viburnum trilobum (cranberrybush viburnum, American cranberrybush, high bush cranberry, or highbush cranberry) is a species of Viburnum native to northern North America, from Newfoundland west to British Columbia, south to Washington state and east to northern Virginia. It is now considered a variety (varietas, var.) Your Tree’s Personality. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. americanum Aiton Show All Show Tabs American cranberrybush General Information; Symbol: VIOPA2 Group: Dicot ... Viburnum opulus L. var. This floral strategy is shared by Hobblebush Viburnum (Viburnum lantanoides, synonym V. alnifolia) and some of the hydrangeas. Bailey Compact American Cranberrybush quantity. 2' - 3' Sun Preference. The American cranberry (Viburnum opulus var. For many years, American cranberry bush has also been commonly called highbush cranberry. Some sources say that fruit from European Cranberrybush tends to be more bitter. Eastman, John. Looking forward to seeing what happens next year! American Cranberrybush leaves have three lobes, resembling the leaves of Red Maple (Acer rubrum). Viburnum opulus var. The pollinators are such a great life force. trilobum), auch Cranberry-Strauch oder Highbush Cranberry genannt, ist eine Unterart aus der Pflanzengattung Schneeball (Viburnum) innerhalb der Familie der Moschuskrautgewächse (Adoxaceae). Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. The fruit is a drupe, a fleshy fruit with a single seed encased in a stony pit. Levine, Carol. Its … American Cranberrybush is a deciduous shrub that (although not related to the true cranberry commercially grown for food), provides both ornamental interest and an edible harvest. What a gift you have given me. The leaves are opposite, three-lobed, 6–12 cm (2 1⁄4–4 3⁄4 in) long and 5–10 cm (2–4 in) broad, with a rounded base and serrated margins; they are superficially similar to many maple leaves, most easily distinguished by their somewhat wrinkled surface with impressed leaf venation. This compact form of American Cranberrybush was discovered by Pat Perkins at Bailey Nurseries. of Viburnum opulus, the European Cranberry Viburnum (syn. Blooms In: May-Jun: Mature Height: 8-12' Spacing: 5-7' Read our Growing Guide: Ships as: ONE GALLON POT : Buy more, save more. It often lasts well into the winter, but this year, where I live and play in central New Jersey and eastern Pennsylvania, the fruit was already gone by mid-November. If it is cooked with sugar or other sweetener added, people find the fruit of American Cranberrybush edible, too. We will be purchasing to start it up! The photographs are what really help a novice like myself. Formerly called Compact American Cranberry, this hardy shrub has beautiful foliage that offers a slight red edge when new, then turns a deep red in fall. 1992. The Book of Forest and Thicket. ( Log Out / Leaves and Buds Bud Arrangement - Opposite. americanum Aiton was formerly known as Viburnum trilobum. I was so focused on its benefits to birds I hadn’t considered who else is benefitting from its presence until reading your post. 2012. Thanks for all the great info and of course the photos! American Cranberrybush (Viburnum trilobum) General Description A large, leggy, poorly branched native shrub found in wooded, usually moist areas, competing with the rest of the underbrush. Look for American Cranberrybush in wet woods or along streams in its native range, from Nova Scotia to British Columbia in Canada, and in the United States from Maine to Washington state, south to New Jersey, West Virginia and Illinois, although it is more common in the eastern US. Choose one as a specimen plant or use several as they're also effective in small masses and borders.
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