In this article, we investigate what a hernia is, the common causes of hernia, and how they are treated. The American College of Surgeons and some other medical bodies consider elective surgery unnecessary in such cases, recommending instead a course of watchful waiting. This makes it possible for your stomach to push through your diaphragm. This may actually cause the hernia to bulge more. Your doctor may want to simply monitor your hernia for possible complications. Others develop a hernia over time. Hernias often produce no troublesome symptoms, but abdominal complaints may signal a serious problem. Laparoscopic repair is used for repeat operations to avoid previous scars, and while usually more expensive, is less likely to cause complications such as infection. Sometimes they can require surgery to prevent dangerous complications. Some inguinal hernias have no apparent cause. Umbilical hernias occur near the belly button. Hernia occurs when an organ comes out of its original space. Learn how to spot the symptoms, tests and diagnosis, and treatment (including surgery). This is a supportive undergarment that helps to hold the hernia in place. In men, it’s the area where the spermatic cord passes from the abdomen to the scrotum. Many hernias occur in the abdomen between your chest and hips, but they can also appear in the upper thigh and groin areas. Hernias come in a number of types. It’s important that you seek emergency care if you experience symptoms such as nausea or vomiting, fever, or sudden pain. These can include; bad breath; feeling bloated and burping more than normal; heartburn – a burning feeling in your chest (especially after eating) problems and/or pain when you swallow; being sick, or feeling as though you might throw up. In effect, hernias are caused by pressure pushing organs against muscle walls or connective tissue. This cord holds up the testicles. Find out about types, complications, and recovery. Causes. Therefore, you are more prone for acid in the stomach to go back upwards (reflux) … But, they could be the result of weak spots in the abdominal wall and groin muscles. It is a bulge in the groin that may reach the scrotum. A range of different causes can lead to an individual developing a femoral hernia, some of which can be avoided if the individual is aware of them beforehand. Despite that, the most common places that hernias occur are the inner or outer groin (known as inguinal and femoral hernias, respectively) near the belly button (an umbilical hernia) or in the upper abdomen (a hiatal hernia). It’s important to remember that some types of exercise, such as weight lifting or exercises that strain the abdomen, may increase pressure at the area of the hernia. A hernia develops when an organ or fatty tissue squeezes through a ‘weak spot’ in the surrounding muscle. All rights reserved. If you have a hernia, it’s always best to discuss exercising with your doctor or physical therapist. Inguinal hernias are the most common type of hernia. This may include pain or discomfort, especially with coughing An epigastric hernia is a bulge created by the bulging of body tissue through the surrounding muscle in the stomach area. Increasing your fiber intake may help to relieve constipation that can cause straining during bowel movements, which can aggravate a hernia. The area the tissue pushes through is a spot that's likely been weakened by an external factor. Most of the time, it is not clear why a hiatal hernia develops, although there are some risk factors. Anything that causes an increase in pressure in the abdomen can cause a hernia. These occur when the intestines push through a weak spot or tear in the lower abdominal wall, often in the inguinal canal. Go through this article to know more about the causes femoral hernia. If you’ve been diagnosed with a hernia, your doctor will tell you if it's direct or indirect. chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD). Such as: Undoubtedly, almost all hernias are caused by a combination of pressure and an opening or weakness of muscle or fascia; the pressure pushes an organ or tissue through the beginning or vulnerable spot. Hernias are really nothing more than strangulations. There are several different types of hernias. There are several causes of hernia. During a cesarean delivery, an incision is made into the abdomen and uterus. In this first series we provide an insight into the causes of hernia. Explore more about inguinal hernias. A femoral hernia is a type of hernia brought about by certain tissues pushing through the muscle wall of the inner thigh or groin. Risk Factors for Hernia in Females. This is called gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD), or acid reflux, and this is what causes your symptoms. Keep reading to find out about the different symptoms, types, causes, diagnosis and how cat hernias are most commonly treated. Most commonly they involve the abdomen, specifically the groin. A hernia forms when this pressure happens in the same area as a weakened muscle or tissue. A hiatal hernia can produce symptoms of acid reflux, such as heartburn, which is caused by stomach acid getting into the esophagus. There are various types of hernias occurring in different parts of the body. Strangulated hernia. A hiatal hernia occurs when part of your stomach protrudes up through the diaphragm into your chest cavity. However, surgery is the only way to effectively treat a hernia. You might have heard about hernia being a condition in which an organ or fatty tissues contained in a bodily cavity protrudes through a weak spot in the wall of that cavity. It may also put too much pressure on nearby tissues, which can cause swelling and pain in the surrounding area. Excess pressure on this area can eventually cause a hernia. A hiatal hernia is caused by weakness of the muscles of the diaphragm. Common symptoms include…. Leading surgeon Mr Cheuk Bong Tang explains the commonest causes of a hernia and what to look out for. Get details about hernias that occur after a cesarean delivery. If your child has an umbilical hernia, you may notice it more when they’re crying or coughing. Depending on its cause, a hernia can develop quickly or over a long period of time. Symptoms are present in about 66% of people with groin hernias. This can cause heartburn and, in … Less common are epigastric and femoral hernias. Between 10 and 25 percent of babies are born with an umbilical hernia. A type of hernia called a femoral hernia can appear similar to an inguinal hernia. Hiatal hernia is a condition in which a thin membrane of tissue connects the esophagus with the diaphragm becomes week, and a portion of the stomach slides up into the esophagus. Umbilical hernias can occur in children and babies. Do you have a personal or family history of hernias? A hernia occurs when an organ in the abdomen displaces due to the weakening of the muscles that surround the particular organ. When the membrane of a body part grows weak it may develop a hole or rupture and tissues may penetrate out through this opening. A hernia can develop in the first few months after a baby is born. Hernias that have been previously repaired may come back with later pregnancies. Others recommend surgical repair to remove the risk of later strangulation of the gut, a complication where blood supply is cut off to an area of tissue, which requires an emergency procedure. Some people are actually born with a hernia, called a congenital hernia. A hernia may, however, be the cause of discomfort and pain, with symptoms often becoming worse when standing, straining, or lifting heavy items. A hernia can occur in the abdomen, upper thigh area, belly button, or groins. Hernias can cause complications that are life-threatening. Laparoscopic surgery uses a tiny camera and miniaturized surgical equipment to repair the hernia using only a few small incisions. Hernias can be repaired with either open or laparoscopic surgery. See your child’s pediatrician if you notice that your child has an umbilical hernia. Hernia can be of different types, of which femoral hernia is most common in women. You may notice that the size of a ventral hernia reduces when you’re lying down. Most hernias aren’t immediately life-threatening, but they don’t go away on their own. GORD doesn't usually occur in these cases, but there's a risk of the hernia becoming strangulated. Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. What causes an inguinal hernia in a child? Similar to any other abdominal organ, they have pain receptors that become activated when pressure is consistent. Strenuous activity 5. The most common symptom and signs of a hernia is a bulge otherwise lump in the affected region. The risk of hernia increases with age and occurs more commonly in men than in women. Be sure to carefully follow your surgeon’s instructions involving wound care. What You Should Know About Direct versus Indirect Hernias, Why You Might Have Bellybutton Pain During Pregnancy, a congenital condition that occurs during development in the womb and is present from birth, strenuous exercise or lifting heavy weights, pregnancy, especially having multiple pregnancies, chronic cough (likely due to the repetitive increase in abdominal pressure). What are the causes of lumbar hernia, what are the symptoms and treatment methods. These include: The risk factors can be broken down by hernia type: Because an incisional hernia is the result of surgery, the clearest risk factor is a recent surgical procedure on the abdomen. Easing the symptoms of a hiatus hernia. Surgical instruments are inserted through another small incision. An inguinal hernia is more common in men. Change in eating routine can diminish symptoms. This can occur from repeated strain on the abdomen due to things like obesity, pregnancy, or fluid in the abdomen (ascites). Common types include umbilical and inguinal hernias. Common factors in ventral hernia formation include things like obesity, strenuous activity, and pregnancy. Learn about which foods to eat and which to avoid with this condition. Coughing may make it reappear. As a male baby grows during pregnancy, the testicles develop in the abdomen. Understanding What Causes an Umbilical Hernia in Adults. Conditions that cause pressure on the muscles of the diaphragm or conditions that weaken the muscle can increase your chances of developing a hiatal hernia. Sometimes an existing inherited condition or previous surgery allows a hernia to occur. The pressure is the leading cause of why the small intestine pops out. Get details about hernias that occur after a cesarean delivery. An incisional hernia can sometimes occur at the site of a cesarean delivery. Ventral hernias can also happen at the site of a surgical incision. During open surgery, the surgeon makes an incision close to the site of the hernia, and then pushes the bulging tissue back into the abdomen. They can evaluate it and determine if it poses any health risks. They may repair your hernia by sewing the hole in the abdominal wall closed during surgery. In Brian's case this was caused by heavy lifting and obesity. Hiatal hernias occur when part of the stomach enters the chest cavity. Some umbilical hernias enlarge and may require repair later in life. Often times the muscle tissue weakness can be foun… In women, the inguinal canal contains a ligament that helps hold the uterus in place. Hernias are caused by a combination of muscle weakness and strain. Abstain from eating suppers or snacks within a couple of hours of heading to sleep. After birth, maybe your abdominal muscles did not close up. Those with a higher risk of inguinal hernia incude: Umbilical hernias are most common in babies with a low birth weight and premature babies. They can work closely with you to let you know what exercises are fine to do and how to perform them properly to prevent irritating your hernia. Dead intestine, including the bowel, tends to turn extremely nasty very quickly and that process releases all kinds of toxins (poisons) into the blood stream which in turn causes septicaemia (blood poisoning) and ultimately death. There are a number of things that causes an abdominal hernia. Hernias can cause your organs or tissue to become infected, blocked, or strangled. This is called an incisional hernia and can happen due to surgical scarring or weakness of the abdominal muscles at the surgical site. The hernia causes pain; In some of these cases, the decision of whether to have surgery is up to you. It's best to discuss the surgery to get the details and understand the process and what recovery looks like. Some common causes of muscle weakness or strain that can lead to a hernia include: There are also certain things that can increase your risk of developing a hernia. Use this WebMD slideshow to help yourself learn about what to look for and how they’re treated. Some examples of high-fiber foods include whole grains, fruits, and vegetables. Exercise may work to strengthen muscles around the hernia and promote weight loss, helping reduce some symptoms. Get more information on hiatal hernias. Although surgical options depend on individual circumstances, including the location of the hernia, there are two main types of surgical intervention for hernia: Open surgical repair closes the hernia using sutures, mesh, or both, and the surgical wound in the skin is closed with sutures, staples, or surgical glue. Any medical information published on this website is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice and you should not take any action before consulting with a healthcare professional, Brain regions found where serotonin boosts patience, impulse control, Ability to lose weight is not affected by age, 'Clear, balanced information' important for vaccine uptake. Usually, hernias are caused by some combination of unusual pressure and a weakness or an opening in muscle or connective tissue. For others, the weaknesses can develop over time. Typically, umbilical hernias in children are painless. This happens when their intestines bulge through their abdominal wall near their belly button. Try to avoid large or heavy meals, don’t lie down or bend over after a meal, and keep your body weight in a healthy range. Inguinal hernias are up to 10 times more common in men than in women. This type of hernia is most common in people over 50 years old. Failure of closing this opening in proper time can pave the way for … You should always see your doctor to make sure that a truss fits properly before using it. Below, we’ll explore some of the most common ones. For a hernia without symptoms, the usual course of action is to watch and wait, but this can be risky for certain types of hernia, such as femoral hernias. With the exception of an incisional hernia (a complication of abdominal surgery), in most cases, there is no obvious reason for a hernia to occur. Causes of an umbilical hernia (in the belly button), include multiple pregnancies, obesity and previous abdominal surgery. This is more common in women. Learn additional details about umbilical hernias. These can include things like heartburn, trouble swallowing, and chest pain. The canal is supposed to close almost completely behind them. There are different types of surgeries available to repair hernias, and your surgeon can advise on which one is right for your condition. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. A hiatal hernia occurs when part of the stomach pushes through the diaphragm. In some cases, the hernia may recur following repair. Hernias can commonly be found in the following areas: Groin: a femoral hernia creates a bulge just below the groin. This type is also more common in men. Most of the time, it is not clear why a hiatal hernia develops, although there are some risk factors. It might assist with eating small meals at several intervals rather than three heavy meals. Hernia - causes, symptoms, surgery A hernia occurs when contents of the abdomen (such as part of the intestines) push through a weakened area of the muscle and connective tissue. If the midline of the wall is not firm, then a hernia will appear later in life. These hernias are more common in men because the testicles descend through the inguinal canal shortly after birth. A hernia is mainly caused by a combination of weakness and pressure in a certain muscle band: this pressure causes the organ to be pushed through the opening of the muscle. They include: To diagnose your condition, your doctor will first perform a physical examination. Inguinal hernia. In many cases, it causes no or very few symptoms, although you may notice a swelling or lump in your tummy (abdomen) or groin. It remains unclear whether non-emergency surgery is worthwhile for hernia repair in cases of an inguinal hernia without symptoms that can be pushed back into the abdomen. Inguinal hernias occur mainly in men. Your hernia may grow and cause more symptoms. Adults can also have umbilical hernias. Signs and Symptoms of Hernia. What causes a hernia? However, if a small hernia that’s present before or during the pregnancy begins to get larger or cause discomfort, surgery may be advised to repair it. A hiatus hernia develops when part of your intestines, usually the stomach, squeezes through this hole.