In TCM, the body constitution is an individual character compatible with nature and the social environment; formed in the process of human growth and development, one’s body constitution indicates one’s susceptibility to diseases, metabolism, and response to stimuli. Traditional Chinese medicine considers that everyone’s physical constitution is different. Cardiovascular problems Fire Tips for Better Health: 1. Body consitutions in TCM 1. Odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated to assess the relative risk of body constitutions and BMI. Two basic, versatile recipes. Objective. 1.Definition of Body Constitution Theory 2.Characteristics of Body Constitution Theory and relationship with human health 3. All r values of subscales of Yang-Xu body constitution questionnaire (BCQ+), Yin-Xu body constitution questionnaire (BCQ−), and Stasis body constitution questionnaire (BCQs) were 0.84 [14, 16, 17]. It is similar to the Three Doshas of Ayurvedic medicine, but in my opinion, the TCM body constitution system is more detailed and complex. It is critical for integrative medicine practitioners to understand the clinical significance of TCM for these outcomes. Nutrition, Chinese herbs and flower essences are especially helpful forms of treatment. A person’s constitution is associated with genetic and also post-natal influences, which includes your environment, diet, profession, emotional influences and relationships. In view of the complexity of the body constitution in TCM, we consider the proportion of unbalanced constitution types in one person at the same time; accordingly, the Qi_Deficiency constitution could coexist with other constitution types in one person, thus leading to different results [29]. Definition of Body Constitution Theory 4. The Phlegm_Dampness constitution type is very common in the study population. While the methodology of the research itself with over 12,000 random human individuals is powerful, the work also establishes … It is important to know the body constitution in order to diagnose with the correct properties herbs. Qing, Y. Lu, T. Yi, K.-Q. TCM Body Constitution Assessment Home Tests TCM Body Constitution Assessment This is a self-assessment for TCM body constitution. The univariate analysis indicated that the BMI outcomes were lower in the Qi_Deficient and Yang_Deficient groups as compared to the Neutral group ( for all). Zhang, and Z.-H. Tang, “The relationship of frequency of meat consumption and osteoporosis in Chinese postmenopausal women,”, B.-F. Zhou, “Predictive values of body mass index and waist circumference for risk factors of certain related diseases in Chinese adults—study on optimal cut-off points of body mass index and waist circumference in Chinese adults,”, H. Ping, Z. Qing, and S. Hongtao, “Research on Constitutions Types and Features of theObese People,”, S.-L. Yao, Z.-Z. Differences analyses among participants categorized by BMI were performed using a one-way analysis of variance or test. Several studies have suggested that the constitution under TCM relates closely to chronic diseases, such as obesity, type 2 DM, hypertension (HTN), and metabolism syndrome (MetS) [10–13]. The univariate analysis revealed a negative correlation between the Qi_Deficient and Yang_Deficient groups and BMI, overweight, obesity, and underweight, whereas it indicated a positive correlation between Phlegm_Dampness and these outcomes. The data of 3748 participants with complete information was available for the analysis. Which ones are yours? Your constitution is much more than just your body shape. This study investigated the association between Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) body constitution and serum cytokines, and whether body constitution could independently predict diabetes in IGR subjects. It belongs to biased type of TCM's body constitution. Based on previous studies, we assume that the constitutions may be associated with BMI. found the discrepancy between the Phlegm_Dampness constitution and non-Phlegm_Dampness constitution of obesity in ATP binding gene including Janus kinase 2, nuclear receptor protein, and CDC1 [36], providing molecular biological evidence for the association between the Phlegm_Dampness constitution and overweight and obesity. Body Constitution Theory Project Group 1 16 Dec 2014 2. Sexual Performance. Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy. Share. Participants with severe renal and hepatic function abnormalities and pregnant women were excluded. Patients with IGR (n = 306) received a blood test and their body constitution type was assessed using a body constitution questionnaire (BCQ). Underweight participants accounted for 2.59%, 5.86%, and 6.21% in the Neutral, Qi_Deficient, and Yang_Deficient groups ( for all, Figures 3(a) and 3(b)), respectively. On the one hand, the research sample was not recruited via a rigorous random sampling method, which means that the results are not sufficiently representative of the population in Shanghai. This study was approved by the Ethics Committee of Huashan Hospital, Shanghai, China. Under TCM, there are nine constitutions: Neutral, Qi_Deficient, Yang_Deficient, Yin_Deficient, Phlegm_Dampness, Blood_Stasis, Qi_Stagnation, and Special [1]. The body mass index (BMI), which is derived from the mass and height of an individual, is an attempt to quantify the amount of tissue mass in an individual and accordingly categorize that person as being underweight, overweight, obese, or of normal weight. In traditional Chinese medicine there are the concepts of yin and yang and chi. Hypertension (HTN), BMI, and DM were defined as in earlier studies [14–16]. The meridian system is a key concept of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), but ancient understandings of the energetic body are shared by many countries in Southeast Asia.It is believed that energy—also called the life force, prana, or qi (chi)—flows throughout the body in the same way that blood does. Health preservation example based on Body Constitution Theory 3. The methods were carried out in accordance with the approved guidelines. This is really the foundation of the TCM diagnosis and nutrition. Please choose your gender: male; female; Next. Observing body types of celebrities is a lot of fun. Yanbo et al. The following combined forms are also possible: Vata-Pitta or Pitta-Vata, Vata-Kapha or Kapha-Vata, Pitta-Kapha or Kapha-Pitta as well as the balanced Vata-Pitta-Kapha (Tri-Dosha). In the Tibetan medicine body constitution scale, correlation analysis was implemented between the scores of three subscales (rlung, mkhris pa, and bad kan) and the scores of eight subscales with unbalanced constitutions to determine the correlation between body constitution types in TCM and Tibetan medicine. Sun, P. Liu, Y. Zhao et al., “Characteristics of TCM constitutions of adult Chinese women in Hong Kong and identification of related influencing factors: A cross-sectional survey,”, R. Lin, C. Tzeng, Y. Lee et al., “Acute effect of electroacupuncture at the Zusanli acupoints on decreasing insulin resistance as shown by lowering plasma free fatty acid levels in steroid-background male rats,”, S. J. Univariate analyses showed that the Qi_Deficient, Yang_Deficient, and Phlegm_Dampness variables were associated with BMI types significantly ( value < 0.05 for three, Table 2). Creative 5. Conclusion. Each of us might have a combination of several of the constitutions described below. The proportion of subjects with habits of drinking and smoking was 16.78% and 18.94%, respectively. Comments are closed. Dr. Wang Qi is well-known as the National Traditional Chinese Medicine(TCM)Grand Master in China. Conclusion: Phlegm-damp and Damp-heat TCM body constitution are strongly associated with abnormal serum cytokines, and could potentially serve as a predictor of diabetes in IGR subjects. Traditional Chinese medicine considers that everyone’s physical constitution is different. Method: Patients with IGR (n = 306) received a blood test and their body constitution type was assessed using a We have all 5 body types and qualities within us, but there are always 2 DOMINANT ones. Mihui Li and Yubao Lv drafted the manuscript. Moreover, to the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to employ the MLR approach of including a shared reference of normal weight to investigate the associations among the TCM body constitution types and the outcomes of overweight, obesity, and underweight. Participants aged 30 to 90 years were recruited from communities in Shanghai and assessed using a self-administered questionnaire pertaining to their demographics, lifestyles, and self-reported medical history. The application of TCM constitution to preconception care would be beneficial for early identification of potential TCM constitution risks and be beneficial for early intervention (e.g., health education, and dietary education), especially during the women who do not have a medical condition and those who have related factors found in this study. However, there are also some contradictory research results showing a positive relationship between Qi_Deficiency and obesity [18, 28]. Our study revealed significant negative correlations between the Qi_Deficient and Yang_Deficient groups with the outcomes of overweight, obesity, and underweight. This study was aimed at investigating the relationship of body constitutions of TCM with overweight, obesity, and underweight in this sample. In 2009 Wang Qi published Zhongyi Tizhi Fen Ley Yu Panding, which has since become the standard for diagnosis and treatment of Body Constitutions in Chinese Medicine. Sign up to receive weekly information & inspiring recipes from TCM nutrition. Wood Qualities: goal setter, achiever, planner, visionary, go getter, task oriented, list maker. Description of your body constitution and key characteristics. The study indicated that 2 genes were upregulated and 38 genes were downregulated significantly among individuals with the Qi_Deficiency type of constitution as compared with those having a Neutral constitution; further, the downregulated genes including the ATP binding gene, GTP binding gene, MHC protein binding gene, and AMP kinase were involved in ion transport, cholesterol synthesis, and fatty acid synthesis [27]. On the contrary, they and people around them will live a miserable life. The prevalence of CAD, HTN, DM, and MetS was 11.18%, 42.58%, 16.84%, and 10.80%, respectively. the results indicated that Phlegm_Dampness was associated with the outcomes of overweight and obesity ( for two) but was not associated with underweight (). The proportions of normal BMI, overweight, and obesity were 37.52%, 34.07%, and 31.38% in the Qi_Deficient group ( and for trend = 0.043, Figure 2(a)), respectively. Herbs to s… Insomnia 3. For over 2,000 years, Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has explored the ancient concepts of Yin and Yang as the basis from which everything in the universe is formed. Please select an option! Multinomial logistic regression (MLR) analysis was performed to determine the associations among the TCM constitution variables and the health outcomes. Imagine a roaring fire and you will have some idea of what kind of person is a Fire … MLR revealed independent and significant associations among the Qi_Deficient and Yang_Deficient groups with the outcomes of overweight, obesity, and underweight ( for all). The Fire Type. Here you will be able to get a general idea of your constitution and learn how to eat right for your own body. The latest and most influential reference on Body Constitution in Chinese Medicine is based on government funded research done by Wang Qi at the Beijing University of Chinese Medicine in the last 30 years. This is a self-assessment for TCM body constitution. Body constitution can help to identify IGR subjects who are at a high risk of progression to diabetes. A person’s constitution is associated with genetic and also post-natal influences, which includes your environment, diet, profession, emotional influences and relationships. This study investigated the association between Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) body constitution and serum cytokines, and whether body constitution could independently predict diabetes in IGR subjects. Copyright © 2017 Mihui Li et al. Baseline characteristics of participants. On the other hand, the factors affecting the constitution were not comprehensive, such as education, and psychological factors should be taken into account in future research. Mihui Li and Shuming Mo have contributed equally to this work. The constitutional theory of TCM recognizes individual differences from a synthetic and dynamic perspective based on morphological, functional, and psychological characteristics. According to Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), qi is the vital energy that circulates through the body at all times. The implications of the overweight health outcome are more controversial. Method . On the other hand, positive correlations were found between Phlegm_Dampness and the outcomes of overweight and obesity. The Five Elements are deeply woven into the fabric of Chinese culture. Our data showed that 10.13% of adults suffered from obesity, similar to the figure reported for our sample. Datasets are from the study whose authors may be contacted at Center of Bioinformatics and Biostatistics, Institutes of Integrative Medicine, Fudan University. made a similar conclusion, finding that a slim body was significantly positively correlated to the Yang_Deficiency type of constitution [26]. Test and match your results with our body type; Assess your body’s strengths and weaknesses; Learn how to maintain your wellbeing naturally; What you get: Online test result for your Primary and Secondary Body Type; 1 Report for your Primary Body Type (10+ pages) 3 Reasons for Chinese Medicine (Watch our Video Here) 28.90 USD. Zhang, X.-S. Yang et al., “Analysis of composite traditional Chinese medicine constitution: An investigation of 974 volunteers,”, Y. L. Feng, G. Y. Zheng, and C. Q. Ling, “The investigation of the correlation between metabolic syndrome and chinese medicine constitution types in senior retired military personnel of the people's liberation army,”, M. Ng, T. Fleming, and M. Robinson, “Global, regional, and national prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adults during 1980–2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013,”, Z. Wenhua, Z. Yi, H. Jianping et al., “Economic burden of obesity related chronic disease in China,”, X. Hanpeng, W. Xintong, C. Naichun et al., “The relationship between lifestyle and obesity,”, D. Vancampfort, M. Hallgren, J. Mugisha et al., “The prevalence of metabolic syndrome in alcohol use disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis,”, F. Montazerifar, A. Bolouri, R. S. Paghalea, M. K. Mahani, and M. Karajibani, “Obesity, serum resistin and leptin levels linked to coronary artery disease,”, Z. Yanbo, W. Qi, and Y. Shilin, “Study on the related influencing factors of Yang-deficiency constitution in Chinese medicine,”, W. Ji, L. Yingshuai, L. Liru et al., “Genomics on nine types of TCM costituion,”, Z. Yanbo, W. Qi, W. Chengyu et al., “Logistic regression analysis on relationship between traditional Chinese medicine constitutional types and overweight or obesity,”, Z. Yanbo, “Constitutional classification and comprehensive evaluation in Chinese medicine,”, W. Qi, Z. Yangbo, O. Hideki et al., “Study on related influencing factors of phlegm_wetness constitution in Chinese medicine,”, W. Qi, Y. Jianong, Z. Yangbo et al., “Research on diagnosis standard of phlegm-dampness constitution of TCM,”, W. Dongpo and W. Qi, “Analysis and expectation of the current research on phlegm-dampness constituion,”, G. Haiyang, G. Jinghong, and Q. Wang, “Peripheral blood gene expression profile of Chinese adult obesities by gene chip technique,”, Y. Wu, Y. Cun, J. Dong et al., “Polymorphisms in, J. Wang, Q. Wang, L. Li et al., “Phlegm-dampness constitution: genomics, susceptibility, adjustment and treatment with traditional Chinese medicine,”, W. Qi, G. Haiyang, and G. Jinghong, “Study on characteristics of peripheral blood gene expression profile in the obesity with phlegm-dampness constitution,”. This type of body constitution easily fatigue. Yang and hot type Individuals have a sturdy body. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. diabetes. The identified genes are involved in enzyme activities and sterol transporter activities as well as in the process of lipid metabolism, cholesterol metabolism, brown fat cell differentiation, gluconeogenesis, and thermoregulation, indicating that an individual with Phlegm_Dampness constitution is susceptible to metabolic disorders including obesity [35]. Our research yielded interesting findings. Remember, body constitutions are mixed, varied in degree, and changeable. The constitution of each person is influenced by congenital and acquired factors, and this varies from person to person. There are also five chinese elements: wood, fire, earth, metal and water in addition to the concepts of . Please select an option! TCM herbs are used to address sperm count, motility and morphology. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted research articles as well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19. WOOD Wood Body Type: slender body, straight back. Qi et al. Fire Symptoms of Balance: 1. This study has some limitations. Instructions: To take this chinese constitutional quiz read each of the conditions and select the option … The Qi_Deficient or Yang_Deficient participants were less frequently found to be overweight or obese as compared with participants with Neutral constitution. Oriental Balance Ltd 2705, 27/F Universal Trade Centre 3-5 Arbuthnot Road Central, Hong Kong info@chinesemedicinebodytype.com +852 3904 3369 The mean age of the total sample was 69.33 years. Our findings provided evidence that the Qi_Deficient and Yang_Deficient constitution types were significantly and independently associated with the outcomes of overweight, obesity, and underweight. When one of the Doshas is dominant, the constitution is either Vata, Pitta, or Kapha. The purpose of this study was to explore the association of nine types of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) constitution with the five chronic diseases: hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes mellitus, heart disease, and obesity.Methods. The common symptoms of a body with Yin deficient constitution would … Correspondence analysis was used to explore the correlation between them.Results. Obesity is a leading preventable cause of death worldwide [3] and is associated with various health issues, particularly cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), certain types of cancer, and asthma [3, 4]. Embrace the change and encourage yourself to understand why and how to make it a more positive change. TCM is an individualized medicine. Shuming Mo and Zihui Tang participated in the design of the study and performed the statistical analysis. Written informed consent was obtained from all patients before the study. 1. Acupuncture can support ejaculatory dysfunction, erectile dysfunction and libido. By knowing your constitution, you will be able to choose your foods more wisely. In Chinese astrology, they play a role in understanding a person’s constitution. Subjects with the Phlegm_Dampness constitution type usually manifest a series of comprehensive characteristics such as obesity, a preference for greasy food, large bellies, fatigue, and a slippery pulse [32]. 2017, Article ID 7361896, 8 pages, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/7361896, 1Department of Integrative Medicine, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China, 2The Institutes of Integrative Medicine, Fudan University, Shanghai, China, 3Department of Integrative Medicine, Huashan Hospital North, Fudan University, Shanghai, China. We have all 5 body types and qualities within us, but there are always 2 DOMINANT ones. These findings may provide insights into clinical practice toward the prevention and diagnosis of the overweight, obesity, and underweight health outcomes. WOOD Wood Body Type: slender body, straight back. In the lecture Dr. Wang will introduce TCM clinical application of body constitution … found that greasy food, lack of exercise, irregular sleep, and smoking were all important determinants of the Phlegm_Dampness constitution [30]. All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. When an individual’s constitution is evaluated, the congenital hereditary factor, physiological functions, psychological conditions, and social factor are usually taken into account, suggesting that the constitution has a close relationship with chronic diseases. In Chinese medicine, they are used to diagnose disease and the resulting treatment plan will either emphasize a weak element or sedate an excessive element to restore balance and order in the body. Overweight, obesity, and underweight outcomes were significant and independent and were negatively correlated with the Qi_deficient and Yang_Deficient groups. Balance Hormones. The constitution of each person is influenced by congenital and acquired factors, and this varies from person to person. The most distinguished feature of the Yang_Deficiency type of constitution is that people of this type usually feel cold. Yin Deficient Constitution. Observing body types of celebrities is a lot of fun. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions. Dietary cautions. Underweight is considered unhealthy and is an established risk factor for osteoporosis, even among young people [8]. As was mentioned earlier [14], we conducted a work to investigate the associations among chronic diseases and the nine body constitutions under TCM in a Chinese sample. We recruited more than 4,000 participants (30–90 years) from communities in Shanghai between 2011 and 2014. People who are overweight and suffering from obesity have excessive subcutaneous fat, the function of which is to maintain body temperature and help them resist colder temperatures. Archives. As a well-rounded, holistic diet system, it has its roots in Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chinese cuisine, and nutrition. No significant association was found in the other constitution groups (data not shown). Using the Objective Physiological Parameters to Test TCM Syndrome in Sub-health Subjects The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. A Study of Traditional Chinese Medicine Body Constitution Associated with Overweight, Obesity, and Underweight, Department of Integrative Medicine, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China, The Institutes of Integrative Medicine, Fudan University, Shanghai, China, Department of Integrative Medicine, Huashan Hospital North, Fudan University, Shanghai, China, Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Traditional Chinese medicine constitution, J. Wang, Y. Li, C. Ni, H. Zhang, L. Li, and Q. Wang, “Cognition research and constitutional classification in Chinese medicine,”, Medicine CaoTC, “Classification and Determination of Constitution in TCM(ZYYXH/T157-2009),”, D. W. Haslam and W. P. T. James, “Obesity,”, M. Poulain, M. Doucet, G. C. Major et al., “The effect of obesity on chronic respiratory diseases: pathophysiology and therapeutic strategies,”, A. Peeters, J. J. Barendregt, F. Willekens et al., “Obesity in adulthood and its consequences for life expectancy: a life-table analysis,”, N. Sermondade, C. Faure, L. Fezeu et al., “BMI in relation to sperm count: An updated systematic review and collaborative meta-analysis,”, K. M. Flegal, B. I. Graubard, D. F. Williamson, and M. H. Gail, “Excess deaths associated with underweight, overweight, and obesity,”, C. G. Gjesdal, J. I. Halse, G. E. Eide, J. G. Brun, and G. S. Tell, “Impact of lean mass and fat mass on bone mineral density: the Hordaland Health Study,”, Y. This is the typical wood-type people with damp-heat constitution in TCM. We obtained written consent from all participants before this study, which was approved by Ethical Committee of the Huashan Hospital and performed according to ethical standards in the Declaration of Helsinki. Keywords: Body constitution; Diabetes mellitus (DM); Impaired glucose regulation (IGR); Inflammatory response; Insulin … Purchase Now Quiz Fiveseasons TCM Diet Chart. Dietary recommendations. As a reminder, our body constitution changes from time to … Individuals tend to have flabby muscles, and are introvert and timid in personality. Moreover, the MLR with a shared reference of the normal weight BMI group reported that outcomes of overweight, obesity, and underweight were significant and independently associated with the Qi_Deficient and Yang_Deficient groups ( for all, Table 4), respectively. The MLR detected significant associations of the Qi_Deficient, Yang_Deficient, and Phlegm_Dampness constitutions with the BMI outcomes, after controlling for potential confounding factors ( for three, Table 3). Passionate 3. Much of the research has demonstrated that unhealthy lifestyles in terms of habits such as alcohol consumption lead to overweight and obesity, which in turn are closely related to many chronic diseases [23–25]. Lifestyle recommendations. Intuitive Fire Symptoms of Imbalance: 1. Chi-squared test was performed to investigate the distribution characteristics of TCM constitutions in the participants with the five chronic diseases in questionnaire. What do you think is your TCM body type? Qi et al. This quiz is designed to determine which areas you are excess or deficient in and whether your chi is sagging or deficient. However, evidence on how concurrent TCM treatment affects … Several studies researched the differences between the Phlegm_Dampness and non-Phlegm_Dampness types from genome and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP), indicating that several genes and SNPs are significantly different between the Phlegm_Dampness and Neutral constitutions [32–34]. The results were reported by using professional statistical software (Statistical Package for Social Sciences 16.0, SPSS, Chicago, IL, USA). Multinomial logistic analysis to include TCM constitution for BMI. MLR revealed independent and significant associations among the Qi_Deficient and Yang_Deficient groups with the outcomes of overweight, obesity, and underweight ( for all). Your constitution is much more than just your body shape. You’re strongly influenced by Fire, which governs joy, strength and wisdom. Our results showed that the Phlegm_Dampness constitution is positively associated with obesity and overweight, which is consistent with the findings of previous research [30, 31]. Several studies on the body constitution in TCM have been conducted in recent years, and most of the study participants were from the central or western region of China [18–20]. We used a standard questionnaire to evaluate the body constitution as per TCM in a large sample of Chinese from rural and urban communities of Shanghai. Similar to our previous studies [14–16], the baseline data consisted of demographical information, lifestyle, and medical history. The instrument consists of three subscales. Overweight can reduce life expectancy and increase the risk of oligospermia and azoospermia in men [5, 6]. (a) The prevalence of underweight was 2.59% and 5.86% in Neutral group and Qi_Deficient group (. The questionnaire comprises 44 questions and employs a Likert 5-point scale (from 1, "Never happens," to 5, "Always happens"). The TCM constitutions were assessed using a standard questionnaire recommended by the China Association for Traditional Chinese Medicine (Supplementary Document 1 in Supplementary Material available online at https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/7361896) [1]. The data of 3748 participants with complete information was available for the … The standards pertaining to the classification and determination of the constitution in TCM were issued by the China Association for Traditional Chinese Medicine. Chemotherapy after surgery for breast cancer plays a fundamental role in reducing the risk of distant and local recurrence. We’ve developed a comprehensive quiz to help you understand your body and provide you with dietary and lifestyle recommendations. Objective. Find the one or two that says the most about you. All authors read and approved the final manuscript. Here you will be able to get a general idea of your constitution and learn how to eat right for your own body. You might benefit from herbs like Poria (found in Fusion® Health Stress & Anxiety), which calms the heart, mind and spirit to relieve insomnia and mild anxiety. In clinical practice, we could apply the constitution of the Chinese medicine scale to estimate the risks of the Phlegm_Dampness constitution in terms of obesity and overweight and its related diseases. (a) The mean of body mass index was 24.24 kg/m, Distribution of normal BMI, overweight, and obesity among Neutral group and the other TCM constitution groups. Obesity has become a major global health challenge due to its increasing prevalence and associated health risks [21, 22]. The same food or herb will have different effect on different people. In the other words, the body's metabolism, functioning of organs and organ structure all combine to determine our susceptibility to pathogenic factors.In TCM, there are five different types of physical constitutions: neutral, yin and cold, yang and hot, phlegm and dampness, and dry. Yu, X.-Z. The datasets generated and/or analysed during the current study are not publicly available due to private information but are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.
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