Each of them consisted of three cavalry squadrons and a machine gun squadron. Polish government demands the cession of Zaolzie. The recording units were: communication regiments, a radiotelegraph regiment and independent communication battalions. She is with the interior ministry. To be mobilized as part of this plan, the Polish Army was to consist of 49 large units: 37 infantry divisions, 11 cavalry brigades and a motorized brigade.[6]. GA's command and its subordinate units and sub-units of the Supreme Commander's Chief did not form a tactical association of the artillery (brigade or group) during both peace and war. A branch of 'Bajonians' was established in France, and in Gorczynski's Legion of Puławy. August 17. September 25. Speaker of Polish Parliament, December 8. Large fires destroy about 100 buildings in two villages near Wilno. Patriotic demonstrations take place across the country, including Zaolzie and Lwów, November 15. Marshall Edward Rydz-Śmigły is named an honorary citizen of Wilno, July 4. Due to its intended use, artillery was divided into organic artillery of large infantry and cavalry units (the above-mentioned field artillery regiments and horse artillery squadrons) and independent artillery consisting of ten heavy artillery regiments, one heaviest artillery regiment, two mountain artillery regiments, as well as one squadron zenith artillery, as anti-aircraft artillery was then called. On May 15, 1936, president of Poland Ignacy Mościcki designed the government under prime minister Felicjan Sławoj Składkowski. Polish press informs that construction of main west-east rail line (. Up for auction is a beautiful Censored Postcard cover from the Polish Post Army office in Sudetenland . In international track and field-friendly, Poland beats France 119,5 – 91,5. The Polish Legions were the greater union of the Polish Army of the independent Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. In Lwów, in the final game of the, December 4. According to the government's statistics, as for January 1, 1938, there are 44 200 motor vehicles in Poland, including 9876 motorcycles. in a memorandum of Hans Adolf von Moltke on September 23, 1939, and in Hitler's Speech of October 6, 1939 to the Reichstag, in Berlin ("der entstehende polnische Reststaat"). Polish Ministry of Education announces that it plans to open a university in, July 15. August 15. October 1. January 16. It was headed by the president, and the general became his deputy Armed Forces Inspector. The regiments were stationed in Warsaw Krakow, Poznań, Toruń, Lida and Lviv, and the squadron in Puck. A clash between Czech soldiers and Poles from. July 16. The Polish Army entering Zaolzie in 1938 On 22 September, Chamberlain, about to board his plane to go to Germany for further talks at Bad Godesberg , told the press who met him there that "My objective is peace in Europe, I trust this trip is the way to that peace." September 28. Cztery lata przed wojną : z dziejów gospodarki polskiej 1936-1939. In Warsaw, 39 communists are sentenced to several years in prison. Opening of a 22-kilometer rail line. On September 1, 1938, the Act of April 9, 1938 on universal military duty entered into force, which sanctioned the division of the Armed Forces into: "the army" (land forces) and the navy. Four divisions and five independent cavalry brigades and three new horse artillery squadrons were created. However, the main mobilization reserves were residents of the former Polish Kingdom and Poles serving in the ranks of foreign armies. In an international football friendly, Poland beats in Warsaw Ireland 6-0 (att. After a Polish army order was received, a small scale production began in 1938. It was often improvised and spontaneous. It is believed that only about 150 rifles of this pattern were manufactured before the German invasion of Pol… Rail communication between Poland and Czechoslovakia is reestablished. In reply to parliamentary interpellations, Sosnkowski stated that "Jews are not fit for more serious work than typing" In connection with the Sejm resolution of June 17, 1919, according to which only Polish citizens of Polish nationality could be officers of Jewish descent, even promoted officers of independent Poland.[3]. According to government statistics, September 7. In addition, there were two sub-units: a pedestrian artillery company and a measuring artillery squadron. Prime minister, April 5. In a friendly football match in Łódź, Poland beats Hungaria Budapest 1-0, August 7. The army numbered July 31, 1921: 20,038 officers and military officials, 1,583 ensigns, 248,835 soldiers and 67,390 horses. From the western powers, however, was expected only material assistance imported by sea through the port of Gdynia. Opening of telephone lines and mail service between Poland and Lithuania, May 13. Local elections in several Polish cities, December 19. By contrast, in foreign policy, to reduce the potential threat for the sovereignty of the Republic of Poland, the aspirations of the Polish authorities became apparent to normalize political relations with both great neighbors, however on the basis of equality and reciprocity. A LOT plane from Warsaw to Budapest is not allowed to fly over Czechoslovakian territory. During the World War, attempts at Polish military formations were made in various places and conditions. Four people die hit by a train on a railroad crossing in, December 30. Jozef Beck has breakfast with President of Estonia. The tales of Polish caGalry charges against tanks stemmed from a small skirmish near the village of Krejanty on the evening of 1 September 1939. Eastern border, often raided by military bands supported by Soviet Union was under the jurisdiction of a separate, military formation (Border Defence Corps, Korpus Ochrony Pogranicza- KOP). A special initiative in this direction was manifested by the General Staff, which obtained greater powers than before. Cavalry was a major component of the armed forces, due to the Polish conditions of road and were used as high-speed weapons. Both of these positions were held by Józef Piłsudski Hence, his duties included development and control any mobilization and operational work related to the preparation for war. 1939 "rogatywka" garrison cap 02 wz. Poland celebrates the third anniversary of the death of Marshall. In addition to these troops, Polish volunteer units were formed, fighting either on the side of the coalition or central states. Polish press informs that Soviet authorities still have not released three young Polish gliders, who had mistakenly landed in the Soviet Union during a storm on June 26, 1938. The Polish military has admitted it accidentally invaded the Czech Republic last month, but it insists its brief occupation of a small part of the country was simply a "misunderstanding." Communications troops were divided into record and non-record formations. Sometimes it was forced by changing external and internal conditions of the reviving state. German military delegation visits Poland. June 19. Three people die in a car crash near, December 9. Polish press speculates about possible creation of Zaolzie Voivodeship, which besides, October 7. In the summer of 1936, work began on a plan to modernize the Polish Army. The next organization was Bartoszowe Teams formed in 1908 on the initiative of Wawrzyniec Dayczak. On the other hand, only 70,000 Polish POWs from Wehrmacht reinforced the Polish People's Army fighting alongside the Red Army, despite the fact that probably much more Polish "Wehrmachters" were captured on the Eastern Front. KPW Poznań becomes handball champion of Poland, 2nd is AZS Warszawa, 3rd Cracovia, and 4th LKS Łódź. On March 23, 1923, the General Staff issued a secret order to remove all Jews from military graphics factories. Therefore, most Polish cavalry brigades before 1939 were stationed in the eastern districts of the corps. November 11. 1928 bayonet cover Even during the Polish-Bolshevik war, a camp in Jabłonna (pl) was created, in which about 1,000 soldiers and officers of Jewish descent were interned (the decision to establish it was issued on August 16, 1920, the camp operated until September 9, 1920; its creation caused an international scandal, from which Minister Sosnkowski had to explain before the Sejm and the public). There were also shifts in General Inspectorate Staff. Section of Czechoslovakia in conformity with Munich collusion. There followed a further organization of the supreme military authorities: the Ministry of Military Affairs and the General Staff of the Polish Army. The bulk of the Polish army was engaged in the Polish–Ukrainian War at the time, and the Polish … Nice postal history cover. In games of the Ekstraklasa, Cracovia beats at home Ruch Chorzów 3-2 (att. After the introduction of a peace organization in 1921 and in the early years 20s, the Polish Army formed 90 infantry regiments, 30 field artillery regiments, 10 heavy artillery regiments,[9] heaviest artillery regiment, mountain artillery regiment and 10 horse artillery squadrons from 1924 From 1923 there were an artillery regiment, anti-aircraft, 30 independent cavalry regiments and 10 divisional regiments, which in 1924 was renamed to independent cavalry. They fought a brief war in early 1919, Poland annexed part of the border region in 1938, and the two almost came to blows again after World War II. Józefa Piłsudskiego i jego konsekwencje w interpretacjach polskiej myśli politycznej XX wieku, M. Kornat, Polityka równowagi 1934–1939, pp. Happy to combine postage. It was also conditioned economic and structural backwardness of the then agricultural Kresy. citizens of Jewish origin)[8]. 1933 breadbag 10 leather main belt 11 wz. The non-record ones included: Central Communications Depots, Central Communications Workshops, Central Radiotelegraphy Station, Communications School Camp as well as telegraph and telephone stations serving authorities and military institutions. December 11. 3000), LKS Łódź ties at home with Wisla Kraków 0-0, Polonia Warszawa loses at home to Ruch Chorzów 0-3 (att. I would like ... that I could be aware of my activities before the nation and diligently say about myself and about you that we were not only the first but also good soldiers of the risen Poland. September 30. It was decided to recruit soldiers of former Polish military formations and members of secret organizations. July 2. Read this order in front of my subordinated troops.". July 29. International female lawn tennis match Poland – Czechoslovakia begins in Warsaw, August 1. Króla Stefana Batorego. [7] The army consisted of organizational units of the permanent army and organizational units of the National Defense, as well as organizational units of the Border Protection Corps. In games of the Ekstraklasa, Cracovia Kraków beats at home Warta Poznań 5-2 (att. The wz.38M rifles were manufactured by the Zbrojownia Nr. August 5. November 4. 4000), Ruch Chorzów beats at home Cracovia 4-0 (att. The second armed service was cavalry. Formation of signal platoons began for the cavalry brigades. Mass anti-German demonstrations in, August 24. August 2. These were the departments of: Mobilization and Supplements, Technical and Communication, Economic, Artillery, Military Education, Legal and Military and General Section [a]. The outbreak of First World War meant that a huge number of soldiers, Poles from the lands of the Polish partitions were forced to stand in the ranks of foreign armies. It prepared for a defensive war in the coalition with Romania as an ally. Rubber imprint at bottom. Almost immediately after Marshal Piłsudski took over power over the army, who took over the portfolio of the minister of military affairs, was reorganized the highest military authorities. 25, item 220, as amended). In Rome, Italian wrestling team beats Poland 6-1. Works on the. GA commanders were directly subordinated to the units of the LFA artillery, while in relation to the organic artillery units of large units exercised control of the state of training. During the war, each of the active infantry divisions was to receive one squadron of mounted shooters with a machine gun platoon. June 1. Government-sponsored destruction of, July 17. In Prague, a joint Polish-Czechoslovak commission draws the new border between the two countries, in the area of. The Territorial Army was reformed in 1920, its purpose being to reinforce the Regular Army at times of crisis. Fire in the left-wing of the, December 28. In Warsaw, in an international boxing match, Poland beats Italy 11-5, February 2. International Skiing Championships of Poland begin in, February 13. Signal corps were reorganized in 1929. The permanent working body of the Defense Committee, namely the Secretariat, was headed by the chief of the General Staff. May 26. Olsztyn, 1996, Piotr Zarzycki: 3 Pułk Artylerii Ciężkiej im. Marshall Edward Rydz-Śmigły visits Polish Pomerania, June 21. The first years after the May coup were a period of relatively good economic situation business. December 16. First Congress of Polish Muslims begins in. 35mm wide. November 8. In a friendly football match, SK Jugoslavija beats LKS Łódź 2-0, August 3. Priced to sell. Prime Minister Felicjan Slawoj-Skladkowski tours, May 31. It predicted increasing the number of manual and heavy machine guns, grenade launchers, anti-tank rifles and field guns in individual infantry divisions to the level of leading European armies. Three Czechoslovak Airforce planes enter Polish airspace near, August 7. On September 7, 1938, the Polish High Command created the Operational Group Śląsk under the command of General Władysław Bortnowski. The remainder of these relations is heterogeneity harmful to the army. The Armed Forces of the Republic of Poland (Polish: Siły Zbrojne Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej, abbreviated SZ RP; popularly called Wojsko Polskie in Poland, abbreviated WP—roughly, the "Polish Military") are the national armed forces of the Republic of Poland. In several Polish cities and towns, the National Running Day is celebrated to commemorate the, May 18. In an international track and field match in. Polish media inform that Czechoslovak government closed Polish-Czechoslovak border, August 19. May 17. They were created in 1914 by brigadier Józef Piłsudski. The rapidly changing political situation in Europe in the second half of the 1930s and the growing threat of war against the Republic of Poland by Germany and the USSR resulted in the need to accelerate and complete work on the operational Plan "East" and work on the Plan "West". The operation was a part of the campaign of political repression named “The Great Purge”. Józef Maroszek was one of the three winners of Poland’s 1934 self-loading rifle trials. Not until 1937 was a program of modernization undertaken, and when war came two years later, the Polish Army was still basically obsolete; but although lacking in modern equipment and under poor strategic direction, the Polish Army fought bravely. In Warsaw, a delegation of Polish civil servants and bank workers presents to the Army a, December 10. Marshall Edward Rydz-Śmigły visits the. Jews were removed from all formations, especially from the navy, aviation and communications. It encountered serious organizational and personnel difficulties. Konrad Libicki becomes general manager of, August 30. This article has been updated to correct Hana Malá’s affiliation. Was supposed to be for it is one of the means enabling the implementation of the Soviet version of Blitzkrieg. The position of General Inspector of the Armed Forces was taken by General Edward Rydz-Śmigły. The plan's assumptions were aimed at strengthening the firepower of the basic types of weapons: infantry and cavalry. Additional units of the Polish Army secure Polish-Czechoslovak border, September 23. In connection with the resolution of the Sejm of June 17, 1919, only Polish citizens of Polish nationality could be officers (this excluded the appointment of officers, e.g. July 3. The members of these formations were members of underground military associations. Western betrayal is the view that the United Kingdom, France, and sometimes the United States failed to meet their legal, diplomatic, military, and moral obligations with respect to the Czechoslovak and Polish states during the prelude to and aftermath of World War II.It also sometimes refers to the treatment of other Central and Eastern European states at the time. Bound with this necessary budget cuts also did not bypass the Polish armed forces. In a postponed game of the Ekstraklasa. It is believed only about 150 rifles of this pattern were completed before the German invasion of Poland. Therefore, by decree of the President of the Republic of Poland of May 9, 1936, "On Exercise sovereignty over the armed forces and organizations of supreme military authorities in peace", issued on the basis of the provisions of the new constitution from April 1935, a State Defense Committee was created, whose tasks were they were supposed to be similar to the previous Council of State Defense. A direct air connection between Warsaw and Kaunas is opened. Evidence that an ancestor actually served may be found in biographies or family, census, probate, civil registration, or … development of Polish military thought from 1935–1939, and also a reflection of the then Polish war doctrine. In Poznań, in international boxing match, Poland (with, March 19. Edward Rydz-Śmigły visits Poznań. In an international boxing friendly in Warsaw, Poland beats Switzerland 12-4. August 10. The new management sought to organize basic areas of military life, and above all to modernize its current structure and to equip the army with modern equipment. politician balance between Berlin and Moscow. In August 1939, the current Anti-Aircraft Artillery Group (GAPlot) was divided into: 1 GAPlot and 2 GAPlot - both based in Warsaw. [1], The percentage of soldiers of Polish nationality in 1922 was about 78%, after conscription in Eastern Galicia a year later it dropped below 66%, although according to the assumptions of the authorities, Poles were to constitute a minimum of ​2⁄3 soldiers. September 5. 1937 "rogatywka" field cap 03 wz. August 4. Around 6,000 Jewish refugees, expelled from Nazi Germany, are housed at a transit camp in, November 29. 3000). Snowstorms across Poland make railroads impassable, February 18. The basic type of armed service was infantry organized in 30 divisions, including two mountain divisions. Land communication between Poland and Czechoslovakia is closed. Polish press informs that the total cost of, August 20. Please see my listings for other, German & Allies, WW 1 & 2, ribbons. 1937 steel helmet 04 wz. On October 28, 1918, General Tadeusz Rozwadowski became the head of the General Staff of the Polish Army three days earlier. In 1924, the zenith squadron was transformed into an anti-aircraft artillery regiment and 10 independent anti-aircraft batteries were created. Intentions in the field of modernizing the army were quite serious. At war, it was to be reinforced with other weapons and necessary services. In the period 1926–1935, the officers of the Polish Armed Forces finally formed and stabilized, for the most part uniformly educated in Polish In October of the same year, he was posted as a squadron reserve cadet and assigned to the 4th Air Regiment in Torun, should he be called up. Jozef Beck comes to. The formation of the reborn Polish army, however, encountered difficulties related to desertions and evasion of conscripts from service in the army. Independence Day in Poland. The Day of the Polish Soldier is celebrated across the country. Polish Armed Forces (Polish: Wojsko Polskie) were the armed forces of the Second Polish Republic from 1919 until the demise of independent Poland at the onset of Second World War in September 1939. Szymon Rudnicki, Żydzi w parlamencie II Rzeczypospolitej, Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Sejmowe, 2015, pp. The Second Polish Republic, commonly known as Interwar Poland, refers to the country of Poland in the period between the two World Wars (1918–1939). Production was not resumed under the German occupation. Prime minister Slawoj-Skladkowski meets all Polish voivodes, May 20 Romanian prime minister, Patriarch, May 21. May 11. Medal Wojska za Wojnę 1939-45. In international football game, which takes place in. The Czechoslovak army made rapid advancements, capturing most of Cieszyn Silesia by the end of January. In, July 16. [5] Her fullest expression was first a non-aggression pact concluded with the USSR on July 25, 1932, and then signed on January 26, 1934 a ten years agreement with Nazi Germany. 55-57, Marek Jabłonowski. Polish Infantry - Private (1939) 01 wz. 1932 gas mask in a tarpaulin bag 07 personal dressing 08 leather ammo pouches 09 wz. The school year ends in Poland. November 5. Postmarked in October 19, 1938 Nice stamp marks & cancels . This position was not restored until 1938. As a result, Pilsudskiego and gathered around him an environment of generals and officers, mainly from former Polish Legions, took over total control over the armed forces. Recruitment options were very convenient. Each of the 84 infantry regiments and 6 regiments of the Podhale rifles consisted of three battalions. December 22. [2], A personnel policy was pursued in the army, which was strongly criticized by representatives of the Jewish minority. Together with you I experience the emotion of this historical hour, together with you I vow to devote my life and blood to the good of the Fatherland and the happiness of its citizens. South of. Its members included Tadeusz Kutaże and Władysław Bortnowski. Three members of the Wilno branch of the. officer and cadet schools. Jozef Beck leaves Warsaw, and via Berlin goes to, September 8. April 24. It consisted of 5 infantry divisions, 1 mountain brigade, 1 motorized cavalry brigade, 1 mountain brigade and 1 cavalry bri… After a two-week delay, the Polish government officially informs the public about the funeral of Stanisław August Poniatowski, which took place on July 14. Altogether, 37 persons are sentenced. Most young men were required to serve in or register for military service in Poland. From 1919, it included further departments: Personnel, Maritime Affairs (developed from the former Navy section), for Horses and Rolling Stock and Information. Minister Jozef Beck leaves Warsaw for, May 25. November 30. In a friendly football game in. In Gdynia, Jozef Beck meets with. The whereabouts and the fate of the gliders are unknown. (pol.). In games of the Ekstraklasa, Warta Poznań ties at home 3-3 with Warszawianka (att. Jozef Beck gives a speech at the League of Nations session in Geneve, January 31. On June 11, 1926 he was appointed chairman Of the Central Military Council. The name has been used since the early 19th century, but can also be applied to earlier periods. Straż Graniczna was founded in 1928. August 21. In relation to soldiers serving in artillery units, LFA had disciplinary powers of the division commander, while in relation to soldiers serving in regiments and divisions of large units of organic artillery had disciplinary powers of the division infantry commander [2], only during the fire school. The rifle was designed by a Polish engineer Józef Maroszek. In Tarnopol, a process of 51 members of the Communist Party of Western Ukraine ends. The group's command included: commander (full-time brigade general) and 2 staff officers as well as office staff. Cavalry and cavalry regiments and horse artillery squadrons were organized into ten independent cavalry brigades. In addition, the Military, Technical, Military and Geographic institutes and the Central Army Supply Office have been established at the ministry. The championship is won by Warta Poznań, November 27. Created on March 23, 1939 as the main pivot of Polish defence. After the resignation of professor. June 15. In excellent condition. Sun eclipse in Kraków. Discover (and save!) M. Sioma, Lublin 2007; Zamach stanu Within the week the Polish Army was virtually defeated. Polish cavalry received 58 million zloty in the 1938-39 military budget, or 7.3 percent of the total, compared to 46.3 million for the entire Air Force (5.8 percent). Deposits of copper are found in, December 12. In addition to the smaller formations, Radiotelegraph Regiment (Polish: Pułk Radiotelegraficzny) and Signal Training Center were created. June 26. Independent cavalry brigades consisted of three cavalry regiments, a horse artillery squadron and a pioneer squadron, with the exception of 5 SBK, which had four cavalry regiments and an additional squadron of armored cars. Two people die when a passenger train derails on the, September 1. In Stockholm, Jozef Beck meets, May 26. On August 6, a decree of the President of the Republic of Poland was published, countersigned by the minister of military affairs, on conduct command over armed forces in peacetime and the establishment of a General Inspector Office of the Armed Forces as the Supreme Commander foreseen on time war. Soldiers of Jewish origin were treated as second-class soldiers or even suspected of disloyalty to the Polish state. November 16. Final matches of Polish boxing championship begin, with such teams, as Elektrit Wilno, IKP Łódź, Lechia Lwów, Okęcie Warszawa, Wisła Kraków, LSW Lublin, HCP Poznań, Goplania Inowrocław, Warta Poznań, Strzelec Janowa Dolina and IKB Świętochłowice. Polish press informs that construction of the new rail line, between Polish, September 15. On October 28, 1935, changes were made in the subordination of artillery groups. The Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete ("General Government for the Occupied Polish Territories") was established by the Führer's decree of October 12, 1939, which came in… A delegation of Polish Air Force, with General, August 23. Polish Government confiscates a letter of Bishop, August 25. An Operational Group (Polish: Grupa Operacyjna, abbreviated GO) was the highest level of tactical division of … In Chorzów, in a friendly game, the team of Polish Upper Silesia ties 4-4 with. After the death of Józef Piłsudski, major changes in the personnel of the Polish Army took place. Following the German invasion of Poland in 1939, some Polish citizens of diverse ethnicities served in the Wehrmacht, in particular citizens from parts of Poland annexed to Germany such as Upper Silesia and Pomerania.Service in the German military was universal in nature in these areas, however assessing the number of ethnic Poles involved is difficult due to the fluidity of national identity. Witold Jarno, Okręg Korpusu Wojska Polskiego nr IV Łódź 1918–1939, Łódź 2001, p. 85, [Krzysztof Wasilewski: Kto bronił Polski w 1939? Five peasants drown while crossing the. In an international lawn tennis game in, September 18. There were over 15,000 former legionnaires and over 20,000 soldiers demobilized in Russia. The conditions were also important prevailing in Poland and on the possible Eastern Front 181 and presence near the border with the Commonwealth of a very strong Red Army cavalry, constituting a factor of the directed maneuver, among others against Poland. September 19. However, these were small units. November 1. 4000), and Wisla Kraków beats in Kraków Pogon Lwów 1-0 (att. In total over 85,000 Polish Wehrmacht POWs reinforced Polish forces in the West. The government was dissolved on September 30, 1939, and it was the last government of the Second Polish Republic which resided in Warsaw. 1938 canteen 12 wz. Rail communication between Poland and Lithuania is initiated, along with the connection, April 13. In last games of the 1938 season of the. W: Tygodnik Przegląd]. Only in May 1920 in the Kielce region more than 2,000 deserters and conscripts were caught evading the service in the Polish army. Polish press informs that only 30 citizens of Poland own their private aeroplanes. March 5. 24th St., Omaha, Neb." 13 000), Warta Poznań beats at home LKS Łódź 6-2, and Cracovia Kraków beats in Kraków Polonia Warszawa 3-2, May 27. 70–71. During the times of the Second Polish Republic, it was responsible for northern, western and southern border of Poland (with Germany, Free City of Gdańsk, sea border, Czechoslovakia and Romania). In an international boxing match in, August 10. April 19. On the same day in, March 26. In games of the Ekstraklasa, Warta Poznań beats at home AKS Chorzów 4-3, Cracovia beats LKS Łódź 6-2, Wisła Kraków beats Warszawianka Warszawa 3-2, Polonia Warszawa beats Śmigły Wilno 3-0, and Ruch Chorzów beats Pogon Lwów 3-1, August 29. 5000), AKS Chorzów beats in Chorzów Warszawianka Warszawa 3-0, and Śmigły Wilno loses at home to Pogon Lwów 0-1 (att. Violent thunderstorms attack several counties in Nowogrodek Voivodeship, August 5. It brought Poland particularly negative effects and staggered seriously its economic, and therefore defense, foundations. Association of Ukrainian Merchants in. 3000), Warszawianka Warszawa beats in Warsaw Pogon Lwów 2-0 (att. Nazi Germany government expels some 12 000 – 17 000 Jews with Polish citizenship to Poland. Compulsory military service in the infantry lasted 18 months. In Lwów, Ukrainian rally takes place, followed by Polish counter-demonstration, October 14. In 1937, 194,000 tourists visited the Eastern borderlands of Poland, with 66,000 of them visiting Wilno, The number of bicycles in Poland exceeds one million. At the end of 1925, four batteries were liquidated, and the remaining six were transformed into independent anti-aircraft artillery squadrons. Marshall Edward Rydz-Śmigły visits, July 22. A cold wave sweeps over Poland, the temperature in Lwów goes down to minus 21 degrees C. December 18. A ten-day strike in the Warsaw Opera ends, March 13. In Katowice, ice-hockey tournament of four cities (Katowice, Kraków.
2020 polish army in 1938