The florets are arranged in loose umbrella like clusters. Stodels – Constantia Weakley AS, 2016. VAT. Juncus effusus Biesieveld; Cyperus longus Biesieveld; Cliffortia strobilifera Struikveld en ‘n Populus canescens Woud. If segregated as distinct species J. effusus can be difficult to distinguish from J. conglomeratus and J. pylaei. For this reason, it is commonly used to decorate water gardens or swampy areas where few other plants can survive. Juncus effusus - Mat-Rush is a very hardy, evergreen, tufted, perennial rush grows in wet areas as well as in a normally irrigated garden.The grass-like leaves are very variable, with some plants having robust, upright leaves whilst others have slender graceful leaves.. In the USA it can invade cranberry production areas and impede drainage in adjacent ditches (Ghantous and Sandler, 2015). The plants grow to 45 cm high. FOA, 2016. It is commonly used in basketry and mat weaving in various locales such as North America, Japan, and Africa. var. 2). Foliage: This grass has grey-green foliage. The stems are smooth cylinders with light pith filling. Species plantarum: flora of the world. DOC Research and Development Series, Wellington, New Zealand: Department of Conservation. Its preference is of acid soil. Studies in Juncaceae: With Special Reference to the Species in Ethiopia and the Cape. Heiss-Dunlop S, Fillery J, 2006. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk., Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. Different subspecies have been introduced within the ranges of other subspecies. Province, South Africa (Fig. A revision of the South African species of Juncus. eCommerce solutions by Online Innovations Soft rush (Juncus effusus) is regarded as an environmental weed in Victoria. The stems are smooth cylinders with light pith filling. Builders Warehouse – Table View http://avh.ala.org.au/. Starke Ayres Garden Centre – West Coast Village. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. Revision of the North American species of the genus Juncus. compactus Lej. Chondropetalum tectorum (Restionaceae) New name Elegia tectorum. Juncaceae 3: Juncus subg. Flora of the West Indies., Washington DC, USA: Department of Botany, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. USDA-NRCS, 2016. laxus is native to Atlantic islands, sub-Saharan Africa, Madagascar and nearby islands, and possibly Spain and Portugal. Overall Kirschner (2002) stated that “it is almost impossible to distinguish primary and secondary occurrences”. We share free info on sustainable food and vegetable gardening in South Africa. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2011. Flora of the World. Garden Pavilion – Brandmullers In: Studia Universitatis Vasile Goldis Seria Stiintele Vietii (Life Sciences Series), 18 353-358. The flowers are typically small, enclosed by bracts, and arranged in inflorescences The flowers of many species are wind pollinated, and the seeds usually contain starch. Isotype of Juncus effusus subsp. Across its broad range numerous morphological entities have been described at the subspecific or varietal level. Rana N, Sellers BA, 2009. 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation. In: Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Garden, 1-163. Wilson KL, Johnson LAS, 2001. J. effusus was introduced to Australia by 1840 (AVH, 2016), New Zealand by 1871 (Esler and Astridge, 1987) and to Hawaii by 1900 (Wester, 1992). Juncus effusus (soft rush, goza plant, Japanese mat rush, bog rush); habit. , Species of flowering plant in the rush family Juncaceae. Juncaceae. The North American variations of Juncus effusus. Repeated mowing has been used effectively in the UK. Not listed by Bentham (1861), Corlett (1992) or others, Probably refers to J. decipiens subsp. At least one selection with odd, spiraling leaves is available in the trade. Builders Express – Stellenbosch Formulations of 2,4-D applied in late spring, followed by elimination of grazing to allow reestablishment of native graminoids is recommended. In China the pith is used for drawing hot Camellia oleifera tea seed oil. Juncus effusus is an evergreen perennial herbaceous plant with a striking vertical habit.It produces multiple culms arranged in dense tufts that grow about 1 metre tall. Linnaeus, C. 1753. In: Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawai`i: management and research, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University of Hawaii Press. below the cliff face in which Sibudu is situated (Fig. North Carolina, USA: University of North Carolina Herbarium. This attractive and very widely distributed sedge, grows in temperate areas, through much of the Northern Hemisphere to western South America, and in eastern and southern Africa, It can be found in a variety of habitats: They also found that burning or grazing are not effective, and that hand pulling is not practical. ... New Zealand; widespread in Eurasia and North America, scattered in Africa and South America. Âlvarez MDCFC, 1981. Builders Express – Queenstown Builders Express – Walker drive J. effusus is an obligate wetland species. 21 McHardy Avenue Holland Park Port Elizabeth South Africa. Plants may be found in native plant nurseries and catalogs. laxus is native to Atlantic islands, sub-Saharan Africa, Madagascar and … ... South Africa. J. effusus is a perennial in the rush family (Juncaceae). Seeds for sale starting at € 4.30. Because of its large stature J. effusus can displace other native species (Ervin and Wetzel, 2002), reducing species diversity. California, USA: University of California Weed Research and Information Center. Weimarck H, 1946. Pele G, Ardelean A, Turcus V, 2008. To view the complete product information you need to login here. J. effusus subsp. The naturalisation of plants in urban Auckland, New Zealand. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. It performs well in a full sun to partial shade location, planted in standing water to 4 inches deep or saturated muchly soil. It is more slender than J. effusus, and culms have more densely packed pith (Wilson and Johnson, 2001). Naturally growing in South America and recently has been found as a non-native species in areas such as California and South Africa. Range Description: Juncus effusus is a cosmopolitan species which occurs throughout most of Europe, Asia south to Indonesia, North America, the Atlantic islands and Madagascar. Soil conditions: Needs damp soil. Inflorescence pseudolateral (appearing lateral), diffuse or rarely dense, of 50-120 separate flowers. J. effusus is a perennial in the rush family (Juncaceae). US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2011. It is a wetland species with a broad, nearly global distribution. The PLANTS Database. Influence of a dominant macrophyte, Ghantous KM, Sandler HA, 2015. New York, USA: New York Botanical Garden. The taxonomy of the J. effusus complex is in serious need of revision (Brooks and Clemants, 2000). Agathryon. Plant invasions in treeless vegetation of the Australian Alps. 47 (1), 23-48. 25 (3), 111-126. It is in flower from June to August. Stodels – Milnerton (2010) assessed J. effusus as a low threat to New South Wales, Australia. Where introduced it can displace native plants, alter habitat structure and outcompete rare plant species. Phragmites australis, Typha capensis, Juncus effusus, Schoenoplectus corymbosus and Cynodon dactylon have been According to Balslev (1996) swelling of the seed coat when wet causes the inflorescence to turn into heavy, slimy mass, causing the culms to bend to the ground, depositing seeds. Wu GF, Clemants SE, Wu ZY, Raven PH, 2000. New York, USA: Oxford Univ. 326 (1753). Identification and characterization of microsatellite loci in the rush, Smolders AJP, Lucassen ECHET, Aalst Mvan der, Lamers LPM, Roelofs JGM, 2008. Australia's Virtual Herbarium. 42 pp. Agathryon. effusus (L.) Koch (1878) Juncus communis var. 38-39. Weed Technology, 23(2):321-323. http://wssa.allenpress.com/perlserv/?request=get-abstract&doi=10.1614%2FWT-08-159.1. February, 2009. Life is a Garden is the marketing division of The South African Nursery Association (SANA). 2. Decreasing the abundance of Juncus effusus on former agricultural lands with noncalcareous sandy soils: possible effects of liming and soil removal. Juncus conglomeratus var. In Europe it is a weed of fodder plantings, pastures, cereals, and root crops (Weber and Gut, 2005). It can limit grazing for cattle in poorly drained pastures, which do not graze the species (Bakker et al., 1984; Rana and Sellers, 2009). Origin and Distribution of Adventive Alien Flowering Plants in Hawai'i. Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. Capsule (1.61) 2-2.5 mm long, subequal to or slightly exceeding perianth, subspheroid to ovoid, broadly ellipsoid or obovate, obtuse or slightly retuse, not or shortly mucronate, unilocular, triseptate, light brown. Baton Rouge, USA: National Plant Data Center. It flowers from early summer through autumn (Álvarez, 1981; Brooks and Clemants, 2000; Weakley, 2016). 2011a, Phyllostegia mannii (Mann's phyllostegia), US Fish and Wildlife Service,
In: Flora of North America north of Mexico, 22. Despite the introduction of J. effusus to new geographic regions, there is little data on causes of introduction. Meadow gardens are very popular in Europe but are seldom implemented in South Africa. Cut back old foliage in early spring to encourage healthy growth. ... (South Africa). In: Flora of China, 24 44-69. Flora Argentina. Decreasing the abundance of, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Stodels – Bellville Tepals 1.5-3 mm long, outer ones longest, lanceolate, apiculate, green to light brown with scarious margin. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 14 pp. Jessop JP, 1989. These plants have a typically tufted reed-like appearance and vary from about 20cm to well over 3m in height in some species. http://www.doc.govt.nz/documents/science-and-technical/drds292.pdf. Range Description: Juncus effusus is a cosmopolitan species which occurs throughout most of Europe, Asia south to Indonesia, North America, the Atlantic islands and Madagascar. AVH, 2016. Style very short; stigmas 0.6-1 mm long. It is a wetland species with a broad, nearly global distribution. New York, USA: New York Botanical Garden, 167 pp. Good options are weeping anthericum (Anthericum saundersiae), a foolproof grassy perennial with tiny, white, starry flowers that sway in the breeze and Juncus effusus, a stiffer grass with a more erect appearance.” Michelle Seddon, Green Creations. Telopea, 9(2):357-397. In garden situations, plants may need irrigation during extended dry periods. GardenShop Parktown North Vegetatio, 55(3):153-161. Sample collection After the initial species inventory, 7 common, indigenous and evidently pollution-tolerant riparian species were selected. Builders Warehouse – City 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation.  for Southern Aegean (Greece), Hill et al. Ghantous and Sandler (2015) has experimented with burning clumps of the species in cranberry production areas with some success, but on a small scale. SANA is a member-driven, non-profit organisation, which strives to promote gardening as a hobby in South Africa for ALL South Africans. effusus : Synonym(s) Heterotypic =Juncus canariensis Willd. Juncus effusus is a monocot and member of the Juncaceae family. Juncus effusus 'Spiralis', the corkscrew rush (sometimes referred to as Juncus spiralis), is a perennial plant with green spiraling stems. [family JUNCACEAE] However, soft rush will adapt to average garden soil and sandy, silty or gravelly soils with fluctuating water levels. The following description has been adapted from Kirschner (2002). Download this poster (click button below, ... SANA is a member-driven, non-profit organisation, which strives to promote gardening as a hobby in South Africa for ALL South Africans. Flora of the World, Canberra, Australia: Australian Biological Resources Study, 192. (Revisión del género" Juncus" L. en la Península Ibérica. Heiss-Dunlop S, Fillery J, 2006. Juncus Effusus (also known as common rush, juncus interior or soft rush, Chinese: Deng Xin Cao, 灯心草, 秧草, 水灯心, 野席草, 虎须草, 碧玉草), a species of perennial flowering plant in genus Juncus (Juncaceae family). Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, 7(3):159-171. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/14338319, Michalski SG, Durka W, 2012. Juncus effusus is nearly cosmopolitan, considered native in Europe, Asia, Africa, North America, and South America. Humbert H, Leroy JF, 1946. Juncus effusus. medianus, Specimens are of J. decipiens var. It has naturalized in Australia, Madagascar, and various oceanic islands. Prioritizing weed species based on their threat and ability to impact on biodiversity: a case study from New South Wales. Seeds for sale starting at € 4.30. It can colonize rice fields as soon as they are taken out of production (Elliott, 1821). Red Leaf Nursery – Port Alfred Built by Brand Candy, Powered by VISIBILITI.  for British plants and Ellenberg and Leuschner  for Central Europe and Alps. Rhodora, 12(137):81-93. The species is self-compatible (Michalski and Durka, 2012). In: Phyllostegia mannii (no common name). Micro-patterns in grassland vegetation created and sustained by sheep-grazing. Juncus spiralis is a novelty cultivar with captivating coiled stems, http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html, Rozefelds A C F, Cave L, Morris D I, Buchanan A M, 1999. Washington DC, USA: Department of Botany, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Esler AE, Astridge SJ, 1987. Get the look. subglomeratus Lam. Juncus effusus Family: Juncaceae Plant Characteristics: Zone: 6 - 9 Zone Maps Native Range: Throughout the northern temperate zone, including Britain, east and south Africa, Australasia. A sketch of the botany of South-Carolina and Georgia. The species has been introduced to Hawaii, Australia and New Zealand. It has naturalized in Australia, Madagascar, and various oceanic islands. Juncaceae. Soft Rush Facts, Care, & Planting Guide (Juncus effusus) Giant Arrowhead Facts, Care, & Planting Guide (Sagittaria montevidensis) Complete Guide to Utsurimono Koi 2020 [Updated] List of Koi Carp Breeds, Types & Varieties 2020 [Updated] New York Aster Facts, Care & Planting (Symphyotrichum novi-belgii) Recent Comments Last updated October 1, 2009 Name Family Nativity Jacquinia pungens Theophrastaceae Mexico Jasminocereus thouarsii Cactaceae Galapagos Islands Jasminocereus thouarsii v. sclerocarpus Cactaceae Galapagos Islands Jasminum mesnyi Oleaceae W China Jatropha podagrica Euphorbiaceae Central America Juania australis Arecaceae Chile(Robinson Crusoe Is.) Juncus effusus is pest resistant and unpalatable to herbivores. Many cultures around the world have used Juncus stems to weave baskets and mats. It occurs in Hispaniola, Guadeloupe, Mexico, Central American until Costa Rica, the Andes from Venezuela to N Peru, Bolivia, Tucuman in Argentina, and also in SE Brazil. Widely naturalised in other parts of the world, including temperate Asia, New Zealand, Mexico and Hawaii. Phoenix is the Greek name for the date palm and reclinata is Latin for bending down, and refers to the arching fronds. Honolulu, USA: University of Hawai'i and Bishop Museum Press. Rozefelds ACF, Cave L, Morris DI, Buchanan AM, 1999. Working draft of 2015. Juncus effusus Taxonomy ID: 13579 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid13579) current name Title Flora of the British Isles. Can be moved outdoors in summer. Flore de Madagascar et des Comores (Flore de Madagascar et des Comores 38/39 38/39), 38-39. Description . In: Bishop Museum Occasional Papers, 96 1-8. Pap, 113:7-26. It is a popular ornamental water plant due to its tortuous spiral like foliage.
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