Like other rare earths, this element is never found as a free element in nature but is found bound in monazite sand ores. Period Number: 6. This element also has 13 meta states, with the most stable being 167mEr with a half-life of 2.269 s.[8], The isotopes of erbium range in atomic weight from 142.9663 u (143Er) to 176.9541 u (177Er). Phase at Room Temperature: Solid. Number of protons in Erbium is 68. Such shallow tissue deposition of laser energy is helpful in laser surgery, and for the efficient production of steam which produces enamel ablation by common types of dental laser. Erbium Group’s experienced and professional website maintenance and support team is capable of maintaining your website without compromising on the quality. Atomic Symbol Er Description Soft, malleable, silvery metal. Its compounds like Erbium … The 1550 nm wavelength is especially important for optical communications because standard single mode optical fibers have minimal loss at this particular wavelength. The principal commercial sources of erbium are from the minerals xenotime and euxenite, and most recently, the ion adsorption clays of southern China; in consequence, China has now become the principal global supplier of this element. "erbium" definition: a trivalent metallic element of the rare earth group. [citation needed], Erbium-doped optical silica-glass fibers are the active element in erbium-doped fiber amplifiers (EDFAs), which are widely used in optical communications. It is widely used in the form of the trivalent ion Er 3+ as the laser-active dopant of gain media based on various host materials, including both crystals and glasses . [9] Mosander was working with a sample of what was thought to be the single metal oxide yttria, derived from the mineral gadolinite. Group Name: Lanthanide. Atomic Number: 68 Atomic Symbol: Er Atomic Weight: 167.259 Melting Point: 2,784 F (1,529 C) Boiling Point: 5,194 F) (2,868 C) Word origin : Named for … It has a tendency to get tarnished in the open air, but when alloyed with elements like erbium, vanadium, its hardness levels decreases. Erbium Overview Er Group Number lanthanides Atomic Number 68 Learn more about the atomic number. Erbium was discovered by Carl Gustaf Mosander in 1842. In the high-yttrium versions of these ore concentrates, yttrium is about two-thirds of the total by weight, and erbia is about 4–5%. In addition to optical fiber amplifier-lasers, a large variety of medical applications (i.e. 68 Er Erbium 167.259. Erbium melting point is 1592 O C and its boiling point is 2868 O C. It has high density at room temperature it is about 9.066 g/cm 3. 263044: Erbium powder, −40 mesh, 99.9% trace rare earth metals basis : Er pricing. [27][28][29], Yttrium and all lanthanides except Ce and Pm have been observed in the oxidation state 0 in bis(1,3,5-tri-t-butylbenzene) complexes, see. [10]:701[11][12][13][14][15], Erbia and terbia, however, were confused at this time. dermatology, dentistry) rely on the erbium ion's 2940 nm emission (see Er:YAG laser) when lit at another wavelength, which is highly absorbed in water in tissues, making its effect very superficial. 29 radioisotopes have been characterized, with the most stable being 169Er with a half-life of 9.4 d, 172Er with a half-life of 49.3 h, 160Er with a half-life of 28.58 h, 165Er with a half-life of 10.36 h, and 171Er with a half-life of 7.516 h. All of the remaining radioactive isotopes have half-lives that are less than 3.5 h, and the majority of these have half-lives that are less than 4 minutes. Erbium has chemical symbol Er with atomic number 68. [21] The same fibers can be used to create fiber lasers. Its atomic weight is 167.259. They can also be used for Erbium advertisement and […] Erbium-doped glasses or crystals can be used as optical amplification media, where Er3+ ions are optically pumped at around 980 or 1480 nm and then radiate light at 1530 nm in stimulated emission. Er pricing. Erbium does not play any known biological role, but is thought to be able to stimulate metabolism. Erbium Group is an entity registered at California with company number C3971246. Atomic number: 68: Group numbers: 3: Period: 6: Electronic configuration: [Xe] 4f 12 6s 2: Formal oxidation number: +3: Electronegativities: 1.24: Atomic radius / pm: 173.4: Relative atomic mass: 167.259(3) Erbium was discovered by Carl Gustaf Mosander (SE) in 1843. The acidic filtrates are partially neutralized with caustic soda (sodium hydroxide) to pH 3–4. The concentration of erbium in the Earth crust is about 2.8 mg/kg and in the sea water 0.9 ng/L. Registered agent is Laura Semerjian, 34319 Lamborn St Temecula CA 92592. Erbium is a chemical element with symbol Er and atomic number 68. 2.3 Erbium. NCI Thesaurus (NCIt) Erbium is a lanthanoid atom and a f-block element atom. Materials: Group Number Erbium (Er) (& Color, Uses ... Group Number Erbium (Er) (& Color, Uses ... https://1.bp.blogspot.com/-qb2g7e-N3ps/XUBtRSjIfyI/AAAAAAAAeTQ/JQmckhw9xyc7ApEuRwOU39aegXayNgFSQCLcBGAs/s320/group-number-er.webp, https://1.bp.blogspot.com/-qb2g7e-N3ps/XUBtRSjIfyI/AAAAAAAAeTQ/JQmckhw9xyc7ApEuRwOU39aegXayNgFSQCLcBGAs/s72-c/group-number-er.webp, https://materials.gelsonluz.com/2019/07/group-number-erbium-er-color-uses.html. Melting Point: 1802 K (1529°C or 2784°F) Boiling Point: 3141 K (2868°C or 5194°F) Density: 9.07 grams per cubic centimeter. The oxides are dissolved in nitric acid that excludes one of the main components, cerium, whose oxide is insoluble in HNO3. In order to work efficiently, erbium-doped fiber is usually co-doped with glass modifiers/homogenizers, often aluminum or phosphorus. Dion Ursem – group technician Floortje van den Berg – secretary. Their current partial address is Dublin 2, and the company status is Normal. [4], Erbium is ferromagnetic below 19 K, antiferromagnetic between 19 and 80 K and paramagnetic above 80 K.[5], Erbium can form propeller-shaped atomic clusters Er3N, where the distance between the erbium atoms is 0.35 nm. Sigma-Aldrich offers a number of Erbium products. The ground state electronic configuration of neutral erbium is [Xe].4f 12.6s 2 and the term symbol of erbium is 3 H 6. Erbium sesquioxide (oxide containing three atoms of oxygen and two atoms of another element) are called erbia. Although erbium (along with several rare earths) was discovered in the mid-19th century, it was not isolated as a pure element until 1935 because the group of elements had such similar properties. Reasonably pure erbium metal was not produced until 1934 when Wilhelm Klemm and Heinrich Bommer reduced the anhydrous chloride with potassium vapor. Hesketh, in Encyclopedia of Materials: Science and Technology, 2002. W. Klemm and H. Bommer purified erbium by reducing anhydrous erbium chloride with potassium vapor. Erbia has a pink color and is used to color glass and glazes. Fairly pure Er2O3 was independently isolated in 1905 by Georges Urbain and Charles James. Thorium precipitates out of solution as hydroxide and is removed. Erbium: description Your user agent does not support the HTML5 Audio element. Such shallow tissue deposition of laser energy is necessary for laser surgery, and the efficient production of steam for laser enamel ablation in dentistry. Erbium is a chemical element in the lanthanide series, with symbol Er and atomic number 68. The solution is treated with magnesium nitrate to produce a crystallized mixture of double salts of rare-earth metals. It has historically been very difficult and expensive to separate rare earths from each other in their ores but ion-exchange chromatography methods[19] developed in the late 20th century have greatly brought down the cost of production of all rare-earth metals and their chemical compounds. After 1860, terbia was renamed erbia and after 1877 what had been known as erbia was renamed terbia. The highest concentration of erbium in humans is in the bones, but there is also erbium in the human kidneys and liver. It is commonly used as a photographic filter,[20] and because of its resilience it is useful as a metallurgical additive. Group Number: none. Atomic Mass 167,26 Learn more about the atomic mass. It is a soft, malleable, lustrous & silvery metal. A silvery-white solid metal when artificially isolated, natural erbium is always found in chemical combination with other elements on Earth. Erbium Limited was set up on Tuesday the 31st of May 2016. The company has 7 directors who have also been the directors of 45 other Irish companies between them; 10 of which are now closed. [8], Erbium (for Ytterby, a village in Sweden) was discovered by Carl Gustaf Mosander in 1843. [4][26], Erbium does not have a biological role, but erbium salts can stimulate metabolism. The primary decay products before 166Er are element 67 (holmium) isotopes, and the primary products after are element 69 (thulium) isotopes. The rare earth ions are then selectively washed out by suitable complexing agent. Company is incorporated on 23rd December 2016. Atomic weight of Erbium is 167.259 u or g/mol. In this process, rare-earth ions are sorbed onto suitable ion-exchange resin by exchange with hydrogen, ammonium or cupric ions present in the resin. K.W. [23][24], Erbium oxide has a pink color, and is sometimes used as a colorant for glass, cubic zirconia and porcelain. State at 20 °C Solid Discovery Discovered By: Carl Mosander Atomic Mass 167,26 Learn more about the atomic mass. Maybe add your school logo, work team or anything else to maker your paper look cool? Sources, facts, uses, scarcity (SRI), podcasts, alchemical symbols, videos and images. He discovered that the sample contained at least two metal oxides in addition to pure yttria, which he named "erbia" and "terbia" after the village of Ytterby where the gadolinite had been found. Pure erbium is a silvery white metal. Need an editable periodic table to edit? Atomic Number: 68. [4], When added to vanadium as an alloy, erbium lowers hardness and improves workability. State at 20 °C Solid Discovery Discovered By: Carl Mosander Its salts are rose-colored, and the element has characteristic sharp absorption spectra bands in visible light, ultraviolet, and near infrared. Atomic Number of Erbium. Atomic Number of Erbium is 68.. Chemical symbol for Erbium is Er. Description Soft, malleable, silvery metal. Named after Ytterby, a village in Sweden. Name Origin Named after the Swedish town, Ytterby. Regular visitors. Those clusters can be isolated by encapsulating them into fullerene molecules, as confirmed by transmission electron microscopy.[6]. Erbium is a chemical radioactive element present as the eleventh element in the lanthanide series of the periodic table. Element Classification: Metal. Its sesquioxide is called erbia. Some of the strategies that we follow to maintain a website are: Fix broken links. Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment 13. A silvery-white solid metal when artificially isolated, natural erbium is always found in chemical combination with other elements. Technical data for Erbium Click any property name to see plots of that property for all the elements. Atomic Weight: 167.259. The major use of erbium is in fiber-optic telecommunications as a component of signal amplifiers in long-distance telephone and data cables. Mosander was not certain of the purity of the oxides and later tests confirmed his uncertainty. Erbium atoms have 68 electrons and the shell structure is 2.8.18.30.8.2. Gelson Luz is a Mechanical Engineer, expert in welding and passionate about materials. Crushed minerals are attacked by hydrochloric or sulfuric acid that transforms insoluble rare-earth oxides into soluble chlorides or sulfates. [4] Metallic erbium in dust form presents a fire and explosion hazard. Erbium also has some uses in the nuclear power industry. Erbium metal retains its luster in dry air, however will tarnish slowly in moist air and burns readily to form erbium(III) oxide: Erbium is quite electropositive and reacts slowly with cold water and quite quickly with hot water to form erbium hydroxide: Erbium metal reacts with all the halogens: Erbium dissolves readily in dilute sulfuric acid to form solutions containing hydrated Er(III) ions, which exist as rose red [Er(OH2)9]3+ hydration complexes:[7], Naturally occurring erbium is composed of 6 stable isotopes, 162Er, 164Er, 166Er, 167Er, 168Er, and 170Er, with 166Er being the most abundant (33.503% natural abundance). Andrea Alù (Univ. occurs with yttrium. The glass is then often used in sunglasses and cheap jewelry. Humans consume 1 milligram of erbium a year on average. The salts are separated by ion exchange. Otherwise it looks much like the other rare earths. Texas at Austin) Harry Atwater (Caltech) Javier Garcia de Abajo (ICFO, Barcelona) Marc Verschuuren (Philips Research) Academic research family tree for former group members in academia Former Ph.D. students. 68: Erbium - Erbium [Er] Group: 3 Period: 6 Atomic number: 68 Atomic mass: 167.259 Configuration: [Xe] 4f 12 6s 2 Atomic radius: 226 pm Covalent radius: 189 pm Electron affinity: 50 eV Ionization energy: 6.1077 eV Electronic term: 3 H 6 Mass fraction in the earth crust: 0.000003 Mass fraction in the earth space: 0.000000002 Electronegativity: 1.24 Although a rare earth, erbium is not all that rare. Name: Erbium Symbol: Er Atomic Number: 68 Atomic Mass: 167.26 amu Melting Point: 1522.0 °C (1795.15 K, 2771.6 °F) Boiling Point: 2510.0 °C (2783.15 K, 4550.0 °F) Number of Protons/Electrons: 68 Number of Neutrons: 99 Classification: Rare Earth Crystal Structure: Hexagonal Density @ 293 K: 8.795 g/cm 3 Color: grayish Atomic Structure Not found any post match with your request, STEP 2: Click the link on your social network, Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy, How a small number of atoms can be joined and form completely different substances. [18] This concentration is enough to make erbium about 45th in elemental abundance in the Earth's crust. View information & documentation regarding Erbium, including CAS, MSDS & more. Terbium is a chemical element with the symbol Tb and atomic number 65. These dopants help prevent clustering of Er ions and transfer the energy more efficiently between excitation light (also known as optical pump) and the signal. Melting point of Erbium is 1522 °C and its the boiling point is 2510 °C. [4], Erbium is slightly toxic if ingested, but erbium compounds are not toxic. Element Erbium (Er), Group 19, Atomic Number 68, f-block, Mass 167.259. The number of erbium-related luminescence transitions decreases dramatically to eight sharp transitions when the MBE growth temperature is decreased from 600°C to 580 o C. [128] The photoluminescence efficiency of erbium-doped AlGaAs is an order of magnitude stronger than that of erbium … Erbium's everyday uses are varied. Current status of the company is Active. When the concentrate is dissolved in acid, the erbia liberates enough erbium ion to impart a distinct and characteristic pink color to the solution. erbium Erbium Specification The Erbium, with the cas registry number 7440-52-0, is a kind of grey powder, with the product categories including Catalysis and Inorganic Chemistry; Chemical Synthesis; Erbium; ErbiumMetal and Ceramic Science; Metals. Erbium, chemical element, a rare-earth metal of the lanthanide series of the periodic table. Erbium: Symbol: Er: Atomic Number: 68: Atomic Mass: 167.259 atomic mass units: Number of Protons: 68: Number of Neutrons: 99: Number of Electrons: 68: Melting Point: 1522.0° C: Boiling Point: 2510.0° C Density: 8.795 grams per cubic centimeter: Normal Phase: Solid: Family: Rare Earth Metals: Period: 6: Cost: $650 per kilogram Erbium Metals, Rare Earth Yttrium Ytterbium Silicon Cadmium Compounds Elements Neodymium Hafnium Strontium Yttrium Radioisotopes Titanium Graphite Neurofibromin 1. It is a lanthanide, a rare earth element, originally found in the gadolinite mine in Ytterby in Sweden, from which it got its name. Other erbium compounds include: erbium fluoride (ErF 3, erbium chloride (ErCl 3 and erbium iodide (ErI 3). Early paper on the use of displacement ion-exchange chromatography to separate rare earths: "Atomic weights of the elements 2013 (IUPAC Technical Report)", "The NUBASE Evaluation of Nuclear and Decay Properties", "On the new metals, Lanthanium and Didymium, which are associated with Cerium; and on Erbium and Terbium, new metals associated with Yttria", Förhandlingar vid de Skandinaviske naturforskarnes tredje möte (Stockholm), "Rediscovery of the elements: The Rare Earths–The Beginnings", "Rediscovery of the elements: The Rare Earths–The Confusing Years", "Sorption of lanthanum and erbium from aqueous solution by activated carbon prepared from rice husk", "Use of UraniumErbium and PlutoniumErbium Fuel in RBMK Reactors", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Erbium&oldid=984882243, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2019, Беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 October 2020, at 17:35. The primary decay mode before the most abundant stable isotope, 166Er, is electron capture, and the primary mode after is beta decay. A spectroscopist mistakenly switched the names of the two elements during spectroscopy. Erbium's properties are to a degree dictated by the kind and amount of impurities present. The pure form of the element is a metal. Erbium is a chemical element with the symbol Er and atomic number 68. Erbium Overview Erbium Group Number lanthanides Atomic Number 68 Learn more about the atomic number. It is a silvery-white, rare earth metal that is malleable, ductile, and soft enough to be cut with a knife.The ninth member of the lanthanide series, terbium is a fairly electropositive metal that reacts with water, evolving hydrogen gas. Erbium's principal uses involve its pink-colored Er3+ ions, which have optical fluorescent properties particularly useful in certain laser applications. Erbium Limited has 2 shareholders. Erbium is a chemical element with the symbol Er and atomic number 68. Naturally, occurring Erbium is found in chemical combination with other naturally occurring elements. Erbium is an element with atomic symbol Er, atomic number 68, and atomic weight 167.259. Not only did the "yttria" contain yttrium, erbium, and terbium; in the ensuing years, chemists, geologists and spectroscopists discovered five additional elements: ytterbium, scandium, thulium, holmium, and gadolinium. [22][25], Erbium is used in nuclear technology in neutron-absorbing control rods. Below is a list of Creative Erbium slogans for chemistry assignments, science projects & project presentations. Search for "Gelson Luz" in your favorite browser to learn more. Co-doping of optical fiber with Er and Yb is used in high-power Er/Yb fiber lasers. dermatology, dentistry) utilize erbium ion's 2940 nm emission (see Er:YAG laser), which is highly absorbed in water (absorption coefficient about 12000/cm). Erbium can also be used in erbium-doped waveguide amplifiers. This process results in an unusually mechanically simple laser optical amplifier for signals transmitted by fiber optics. It is a lanthanide, a rare earth element, originally found in the gadolinite mine in Ytterby in Sweden, from which it got its name. A large variety of medical applications (i.e. Erbium definition is - a metallic chemical element of the rare-earth group with atomic number 68 that is used especially in lasers, infrared light filters, and optical fibers. This color behavior is similar to what Mosander and the other early workers in the lanthanides would have seen in their extracts from the gadolinite minerals of Ytterby. Benjamin Brenny (2017, TNO) The oxalates are converted to oxides by annealing. [22] An erbium-nickel alloy Er3Ni has an unusually high specific heat capacity at liquid-helium temperatures and is used in cryocoolers; a mixture of 65% Er3Co and 35% Er0.9Yb0.1Ni by volume improves the specific heat capacity even more. Erbium (chemical symbol: Er) is a chemical element belonging to the group of rare earth metals. [18] Erbium metal is obtained from its oxide or salts by heating with calcium at 1450 Â°C under argon atmosphere.[18]. After that the solution is treated with ammonium oxalate to convert rare earths into their insoluble oxalates. Erbium is a less commonly used burnable poison material, but has been used in some commercial PWRs and is potentially useful for specialized applications. Atomic Symbol Er Name Origin Named after the Swedish town, Ytterby. Erbia, the renamed material that Mosander discovered in 1843, is erbium oxide (Er 2 O 3), one of erbium's compounds. 10XX,52,11XX,17,12XX,7,13XX,4,15XX,16,3XXX,2,40XX,10,41XX,12,43XX,5,44XX,4,46XX,5,47XX,3,48XX,3,5XXX,23,6XXX,3,71XX,1,8XXX,22,92XX,5,93XX,1,94XX,4,98XX,2,ASTM,171,Atomic-Mass,327,Atomic-Number,436,Atomic-Radius,86,Atomic-Symbol,329,Atomic-Volume,94,Boiling-Point,94,CBS,6,Chemical-Elements,100,Chemical-Symbol,217,CMDS,13,Coefficient-of-Thermal-Expansion,85,Covalent-Radius,87,Crystal-Structure,109,CS,17,CVS,3,Density,309,Elastic-Modulus,30,Electrical-Conductivity,79,Electro-Affinity,87,Electron-Configuration,109,Electronegativity,102,Electrons-per-Shell,112,Enthalpy-of-Fusion,93,Enthalpy-of-Vaporization,95,Group-Number,218,HCS,14,Heat-of-Fusion,87,Heat-of-Vaporization,85,HMCS,16,Ionic-Radius,78,Ionization-Energy,102,Ionization-Potential,101,LCS,21,List,201,MCS,17,MDS,14,Melting-Point,96,MS,4,NCMDBS,6,NCMDS,31,NCS,2,NMDS,8,Oxidation-States,104,Period-Number,107,Properties,40,RCLS,1,RCS,16,RRCLS,3,RRCS,4,SAE,201,Site,2,SMS,5,Specific-Gravity,83,Specific-Heat,92,Specific-Weight,1,Tests,2,Thermal-Conductivity,105,Valence-Electrons,98. A trivalent element, pure erbium metal is malleable (or easily shaped), soft yet stable in air, and does not oxidize as quickly as some other rare-earth metals. What's in a name? [16] It was only in the 1990s that the price for Chinese-derived erbium oxide became low enough for erbium to be considered for use as a colorant in art glass.[17]. When it is artificially isolated its appearance is a silvery-white solid metal. A silvery-white solid metal when artificially isolated, natural erbium is always found in chemical combination with other elements.
2020 erbium group number